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Paul Pencharz

TitleScientist Emeritus
InstitutionThe Hospital for Sick Children
DepartmentTranslational Medicine
Address555 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1X8
Phone416-813-1500
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Martin KE, Pencharz PB, Rafii M, Ball RO, Szwiega S, Elango R, Courtney-Martin G. The Phenylalanine Requirement of Elderly Men and Women Measured by Direct 13C Carbon Oxidation Method Is Similar to That of Young Adults. J Nutr. 2019 Jul 04. PMID: 31271193.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mtaweh H, Garros C, Ashkin A, Tuira L, Allard JP, Pencharz P, Pullenayegum E, Joffe A, Parshuram CS. An Exploratory Retrospective Study of Factors Affecting Energy Expenditure in Critically Ill Children. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2019 Jul 02. PMID: 31267545.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Steinberg A, Manlhiot C, Li P, Metivier E, Pencharz PB, McCrindle BW, Hamilton JK. Development and Validation of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Equations in Adolescents with Severe Obesity. J Nutr. 2019 Jul 01; 149(7):1288-1293. PMID: 31132115.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Szwiega S, Rafii M, Pencharz P, Ball R, Elango R, Courtney-Martin G. The Leucine Requirement for Elderly Men Is More Than Double the Current Recommendations (P01-015-19). Curr Dev Nutr. 2019 Jun; 3(Suppl 1). PMID: 31224291.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Lansing M, Turner JM, Wizzard P, Lavallee CM, Lim DW, Muto M, Nation PN, Pencharz PB, Ball RO, Wales PW. Plasma citrulline is not a biomarker for intestinal adaptation in short bowel syndrome, studied in piglets: a model for human neonates. Pediatr Surg Int. 2019 Jun; 35(6):657-663. PMID: 30937511.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Bandegan A, Courtney-Martin G, Rafii M, Pencharz PB, Lemon PWR. Indicator amino acid oxidation protein requirement estimate in endurance-trained men 24 h postexercise exceeds both the EAR and current athlete guidelines. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2019 May 01; 316(5):E741-E748. PMID: 30779631.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Al-Mokbel A, Courtney-Martin G, Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Tomlinson C. Tryptophan Requirement in School-Age Children Determined by the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Method is Similar to Current Recommendations. J Nutr. 2019 Feb 01; 149(2):280-285. PMID: 30753549.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Rafii M, Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Courtney-Martin G. Metabolic Availability of the Limiting Amino Acids Lysine and Tryptophan in Cooked White African Cornmeal Assessed in Healthy Young Men Using the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Technique. J Nutr. 2018 06 01; 148(6):917-924. PMID: 29741697.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Payne M, Stephens T, Lim K, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Elango R. Lysine Requirements of Healthy Pregnant Women are Higher During Late Stages of Gestation Compared to Early Gestation. J Nutr. 2018 01 01; 148(1):94-99. PMID: 29378056.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Packer JE, Wooding DJ, Kato H, Courtney-Martin G, Pencharz PB, Moore DR. Variable-Intensity Simulated Team-Sport Exercise Increases Daily Protein Requirements in Active Males. Front Nutr. 2017; 4:64. PMID: 29312948.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Wooding DJ, Packer JE, Kato H, West DWD, Courtney-Martin G, Pencharz PB, Moore DR. Increased Protein Requirements in Female Athletes after Variable-Intensity Exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Nov; 49(11):2297-2304. PMID: 28692631.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Elango R, Humayun MA, Turner JM, Rafii M, Langos V, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Total Sulfur Amino Acid Requirements Are Not Altered in Children with Chronic Renal Insufficiency, but Minimum Methionine Needs Are Increased. J Nutr. 2017 10; 147(10):1954-1959. PMID: 28855417.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Shoveller AK, Danelon JJ, Atkinson JL, Davenport GM, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Calibration and validation of a carbon oxidation system and determination of the bicarbonate retention factor and the dietary phenylalanine requirement, in the presence of excess tyrosine, of adult, female, mixed-breed dogs,. J Anim Sci. 2017 Jul; 95(7):2917-2927. PMID: 28727110.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Bandegan A, Courtney-Martin G, Rafii M, Pencharz PB, Lemon PW. Indicator Amino Acid-Derived Estimate of Dietary Protein Requirement for Male Bodybuilders on a Nontraining Day Is Several-Fold Greater than the Current Recommended Dietary Allowance. J Nutr. 2017 05; 147(5):850-857. PMID: 28179492.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Lee J, Koehler J, Yusta B, Bahrami J, Matthews D, Rafii M, Pencharz PB, Drucker DJ. Enteroendocrine-derived glucagon-like peptide-2 controls intestinal amino acid transport. Mol Metab. 2017 03; 6(3):245-255. PMID: 28271031.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Lim DW, Diané A, Muto M, Vine DF, Nation PN, Wizzard PR, Sigalet DL, Bigam DL, Pencharz PB, Turner JM, Wales PW. Differential Effects on Intestinal Adaptation Following Exogenous Glucagon-Like Peptide 2 Therapy With and Without Enteral Nutrition in Neonatal Short Bowel Syndrome [Formula: see text]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017 02; 41(2):156-170. PMID: 27660290.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Steinberg A, Manlhiot C, Cordeiro K, Chapman K, Pencharz PB, McCrindle BW, Hamilton JK. Determining the accuracy of predictive energy expenditure (PREE) equations in severely obese adolescents. Clin Nutr. 2017 08; 36(4):1158-1164. PMID: 27612920.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Courtney-Martin G, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Elango R. Protein Requirements during Aging. Nutrients. 2016 Aug 11; 8(8). PMID: 27529275.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Pencharz PB, Elango R, Wolfe RR. Recent developments in understanding protein needs - How much and what kind should we eat? Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 May; 41(5):577-80. PMID: 27109436.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Rafii M, Chapman K, Elango R, Campbell WW, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Courtney-Martin G. Dietary Protein Requirement of Men >65 Years Old Determined by the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Technique Is Higher than the Current Estimated Average Requirement. J Nutr. 2016 Mar 09. PMID: 26962173.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Diamond IR, Grant RC, Pencharz PB, de Silva N, Feldman BM, Fitzgerald P, Sigalet D, Dicken B, Turner J, Marchand V, Ling SC, Moore AM, Avitzur Y, Wales PW. Preventing the Progression of Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in Infants Using a Composite Lipid Emulsion: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of SMOFlipid. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017 07; 41(5):866-877. PMID: 26838529.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Yap J, Rafii M, Azcue M, Pencharz P. Effect of Intravenous Infusion Solutions on Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017 05; 41(4):641-646. PMID: 26637229.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Muto M, Lim D, Soukvilay A, Field C, Wizzard PR, Goruk S, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Mi S, Curtis J, Wales PW, Turner JM. Supplemental Parenteral Vitamin E Into Conventional Soybean Lipid Emulsion Does Not Prevent Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease in Full-Term Neonatal Piglets. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017 05; 41(4):575-582. PMID: 26471989.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Scott JA, North ML, Rafii M, Huang H, Pencharz P, Grasemann H. Plasma arginine metabolites reflect airway dysfunction in a murine model of allergic airway inflammation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 May 15; 118(10):1229-33. PMID: 25979935.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Turner JM, Josephson J, Field CJ, Wizzard PR, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. Liver Disease, Systemic Inflammation, and Growth Using a Mixed Parenteral Lipid Emulsion, Containing Soybean Oil, Fish Oil, and Medium Chain Triglycerides, Compared With Soybean Oil in Parenteral Nutrition-Fed Neonatal Piglets. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2016 09; 40(7):973-81. PMID: 25837680.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Pillai RR, Elango R, Ball RO, Kurpad AV, Pencharz PB. Lysine requirements of moderately undernourished school-aged Indian children are reduced by treatment for intestinal parasites as measured by the indicator amino acid oxidation technique. J Nutr. 2015 May; 145(5):954-9. PMID: 25761501.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Carpenter A, Pencharz P, Mouzaki M. Accurate estimation of energy requirements of young patients. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Jan; 60(1):4-10. PMID: 25238120.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Josephson J, Turner JM, Field CJ, Wizzard PR, Nation PN, Sergi C, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. Parenteral Soy Oil and Fish Oil Emulsions: Impact of Dose Restriction on Bile Flow and Brain Size of Parenteral Nutrition-Fed Neonatal Piglets. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015 Aug; 39(6):677-87. PMID: 25326097.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Rafii M, Chapman K, Owens J, Elango R, Campbell WW, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Courtney-Martin G. Dietary protein requirement of female adults >65 years determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation technique is higher than current recommendations. J Nutr. 2015 Jan; 145(1):18-24. PMID: 25320185.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Tang M, McCabe GP, Elango R, Pencharz PB, Ball RO, Campbell WW. Reply to DJ Millward. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Oct; 100(4):1212-3. PMID: 25240088.
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    31. Stephens TV, Payne M, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Elango R. Protein requirements of healthy pregnant women during early and late gestation are higher than current recommendations. J Nutr. 2015 Jan; 145(1):73-8. PMID: 25527661.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Lakoff A, Fazili Z, Aufreiter S, Pfeiffer CM, Connolly B, Gregory JF, Pencharz PB, O'Connor DL. Folate is absorbed across the human colon: evidence by using enteric-coated caplets containing 13C-labeled [6S]-5-formyltetrahydrofolate. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Nov; 100(5):1278-86. PMID: 25332326.
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    33. Franco DJ, Josephson JK, Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Tryptophan requirement of pregnant sows. J Anim Sci. 2014 Oct; 92(10):4457-65. PMID: 25149335.
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    34. Grasemann H, Jaecklin T, Mehl A, Huang H, Rafii M, Pencharz P, Ratjen F. Multitracer stable isotope quantification of arginase and nitric oxide synthase activity in a mouse model of pseudomonas lung infection. Mediators Inflamm. 2014; 2014:323526. PMID: 25177109.
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    35. Wendland BE, Atkinson L, Steiner M, Fleming AS, Pencharz P, Moss E, Gaudreau H, Silveira PP, Arenovich T, Matthews SG, Meaney MJ, Levitan RD. Low maternal sensitivity at 6 months of age predicts higher BMI in 48 month old girls but not boys. Appetite. 2014 Nov; 82:97-102. PMID: 25049136.
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    36. Suri M, Turner JM, Sigalet DL, Wizzard PR, Nation PN, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Brubaker PL, Wales PW. Exogenous glucagon-like peptide-2 improves outcomes of intestinal adaptation in a distal-intestinal resection neonatal piglet model of short bowel syndrome. Pediatr Res. 2014 Oct; 76(4):370-7. PMID: 24995913.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Jaecklin T, Duerr J, Huang H, Rafii M, Bear CE, Ratjen F, Pencharz P, Kavanagh BP, Mall MA, Grasemann H. Lung arginase expression and activity is increased in cystic fibrosis mouse models. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Aug 01; 117(3):284-8. PMID: 24925982.
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    38. Tomé D, Jahoor F, Kurpad A, Michaelsen KF, Pencharz P, Slater C, Weisell R. Current issues in determining dietary protein quality and metabolic utilization. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 May; 68(5):537-8. PMID: 24801502.
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    39. Diamond IR, Grant RC, Feldman BM, Pencharz PB, Ling SC, Moore AM, Wales PW. Defining consensus: a systematic review recommends methodologic criteria for reporting of Delphi studies. J Clin Epidemiol. 2014 Apr; 67(4):401-9. PMID: 24581294.
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    40. Mouzaki M, Ng V, Kamath BM, Selzner N, Pencharz P, Ling SC. Enteral energy and macronutrients in end-stage liver disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Aug; 38(6):673-81. PMID: 24531707.
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    41. Pencharz P, Jahoor F, Kurpad A, Michaelsen KF, Slater C, Tomé D, Weisell R. Current issues in determining dietary protein and amino-acid requirements. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014 Mar; 68(3):285-6. PMID: 24424080.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Tang M, McCabe GP, Elango R, Pencharz PB, Ball RO, Campbell WW. Assessment of protein requirement in octogenarian women with use of the indicator amino acid oxidation technique. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Apr; 99(4):891-8. PMID: 24429540.
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    43. Diamond IR, Grant RC, Feldman BM, Tomlinson GA, Pencharz PB, Ling SC, Moore AM, Wales PW. Expert beliefs regarding novel lipid-based approaches to pediatric intestinal failure-associated liver disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Aug; 38(6):702-10. PMID: 23917524.
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    44. Kalnins D, Pencharz PB, Grasemann H, Solomon M. Energy expenditure and nutritional status in pediatric patients before and after lung transplantation. J Pediatr. 2013 Nov; 163(5):1500-2. PMID: 23870785.
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    45. Pencharz P. Methodology for evaluating protein quality and implications of requirements for product fortification. Food Nutr Bull. 2013 Jun; 34(2):237-9. PMID: 23964399.
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    46. Hua Z, Turner JM, Mager DR, Sigalet DL, Wizzard PR, Nation PN, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. Effects of polymeric formula vs elemental formula in neonatal piglets with short bowel syndrome. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 May; 38(4):498-506. PMID: 23690158.
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    47. Franco DJ, Josephson JK, Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Isoleucine requirement of pregnant sows. J Anim Sci. 2013 Aug; 91(8):3859-66. PMID: 23658325.
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    48. Grasemann H, Pencharz PB. Arginine metabolism in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 2013 Aug; 163(2):317-9. PMID: 23541774.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Hua Z, Turner JM, Sigalet DL, Wizzard PR, Nation PN, Mager DR, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. Role of glucagon-like peptide-2 deficiency in neonatal short-bowel syndrome using neonatal piglets. Pediatr Res. 2013 Jun; 73(6):742-9. PMID: 23481550.
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    50. Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Tissue mineral concentrations are profoundly altered in neonatal piglets fed identical diets via gastric, central venous, or portal venous routes. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Feb; 38(2):227-35. PMID: 23447505.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Chapman KP, Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Splanchnic first pass disappearance of threonine and lysine do not differ in healthy men in the fed state. J Nutr. 2013 Mar; 143(3):290-4. PMID: 23325919.
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    52. Prolla IR, Rafii M, Courtney-Martin G, Elango R, da Silva LP, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Lysine from cooked white rice consumed by healthy young men is highly metabolically available when assessed using the indicator amino acid oxidation technique. J Nutr. 2013 Mar; 143(3):302-6. PMID: 23325920.
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    53. Antillon F, Rossi E, Molina AL, Sala A, Pencharz P, Valsecchi MG, Barr R. Nutritional status of children during treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Guatemala. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Jun; 60(6):911-5. PMID: 23109269.
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    54. Pencharz PB, Elango R, Ball RO. Determination of the tolerable upper intake level of leucine in adult men. J Nutr. 2012 Dec; 142(12):2220S-2224S. PMID: 23077191.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Pencharz PB, Russell RM. Application of Key Events Dose Response Framework to defining the upper intake level of leucine in young men. J Nutr. 2012 Dec; 142(12):2225S-2226S. PMID: 23077195.
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    56. Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Lessons learned regarding symptoms of tryptophan deficiency and excess from animal requirement studies. J Nutr. 2012 Dec; 142(12):2231S-2235S. PMID: 23077198.
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    57. Samuel RS, Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Dietary lysine requirement of sows increases in late gestation. J Anim Sci. 2012 Dec; 90(13):4896-904. PMID: 23048137.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Elango R, Chapman K, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Determination of the tolerable upper intake level of leucine in acute dietary studies in young men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Oct; 96(4):759-67. PMID: 22952178.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Recent advances in determining protein and amino acid requirements in humans. Br J Nutr. 2012 Aug; 108 Suppl 2:S22-30. PMID: 23107531.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Elango R, Levesque C, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Available versus digestible amino acids - new stable isotope methods. Br J Nutr. 2012 Aug; 108 Suppl 2:S306-14. PMID: 23107543.
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    61. Diamond IR, Pencharz PB, Feldman BM, Ling SC, Moore AM, Wales PW. Novel lipid-based approaches to pediatric intestinal failure-associated liver disease. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 May; 166(5):473-8. PMID: 22566549.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Courtney-Martin G, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Sulfur amino acid metabolism and requirements. Nutr Rev. 2012 Mar; 70(3):170-5. PMID: 22364159.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Hua Z, Sergi C, Nation PN, Wizzard PR, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Turner JM, Wales PW. Hepatic ultrastructure in a neonatal piglet model of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). J Electron Microsc (Tokyo). 2012 Jun; 61(3):179-86. PMID: 22366032.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Wong JM, Kendall CW, Marchie A, Liu Z, Vidgen E, Holmes C, Jackson CJ, Josse RG, Pencharz PB, Rao AV, Vuksan V, Singer W, Jenkins DJ. Equol status and blood lipid profile in hyperlipidemia after consumption of diets containing soy foods. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Mar; 95(3):564-71. PMID: 22301925.
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    65. Gooding MA, Cant JP, Pencharz PB, Davenport GM, Atkinson JL, Shoveller AK. Oral and intravenous l-[1-13 C]phenylalanine delivery measure similar rates of elimination when gastric emptying and splanchnic extraction are accounted for in adult mixed hounds. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2013 Feb; 97(1):181-9. PMID: 22122189.
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    66. Elango R, Humayun MA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Protein requirement of healthy school-age children determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation method. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec; 94(6):1545-52. PMID: 22049165.
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    67. Scott JA, North ML, Rafii M, Huang H, Pencharz P, Subbarao P, Belik J, Grasemann H. Asymmetric dimethylarginine is increased in asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Oct 01; 184(7):779-85. PMID: 21719758.
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    68. Diamond IR, de Silva NT, Tomlinson GA, Pencharz PB, Feldman BM, Moore AM, Ling SC, Wales PW. The role of parenteral lipids in the development of advanced intestinal failure-associated liver disease in infants: a multiple-variable analysis. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2011 Sep; 35(5):596-602. PMID: 21825088.
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    69. Sala A, Rossi E, Antillon F, Molina AL, de Maselli T, Bonilla M, Hernandez A, Ortiz R, Pacheco C, Nieves R, Navarrete M, Barrantes M, Pencharz P, Valsecchi MG, Barr R. Nutritional status at diagnosis is related to clinical outcomes in children and adolescents with cancer: a perspective from Central America. Eur J Cancer. 2012 Jan; 48(2):243-52. PMID: 21737253.
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    70. Tomlinson C, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Arginine can be synthesized from enteral proline in healthy adult humans. J Nutr. 2011 Aug; 141(8):1432-6. PMID: 21677074.
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    71. Barron MA, Makhija M, Hagen LE, Pencharz P, Grunebaum E, Roifman CM. Increased resting energy expenditure is associated with failure to thrive in infants with severe combined immunodeficiency. J Pediatr. 2011 Oct; 159(4):628-32.e1. PMID: 21592502.
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    72. Tomlinson C, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz P. Arginine synthesis from enteral glutamine in healthy adults in the fed state. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Aug; 301(2):E267-73. PMID: 21540446.
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    73. Weinmann A, Post M, Pan J, Rafi M, O'Connor DL, Unger S, Pencharz P, Belik J. Tetrahydrobiopterin is present in high quantity in human milk and has a vasorelaxing effect on newborn rat mesenteric arteries. Pediatr Res. 2011 Apr; 69(4):325-9. PMID: 21178821.
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    74. Grasemann H, Al-Saleh S, Scott JA, Shehnaz D, Mehl A, Amin R, Rafii M, Pencharz P, Belik J, Ratjen F. Asymmetric dimethylarginine contributes to airway nitric oxide deficiency in patients with cystic fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 May 15; 183(10):1363-8. PMID: 21278301.
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    75. Levesque CL, Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. The metabolic availability of threonine in common feedstuffs fed to adult sows is higher than published ileal digestibility estimates. J Nutr. 2011 Mar; 141(3):406-10. PMID: 21248193.
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    76. Turner JM, Wales PW, Nation PN, Wizzard P, Pendlebury C, Sergi C, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Novel neonatal piglet models of surgical short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Jan; 52(1):9-16. PMID: 21119541.
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    77. Levesque CL, Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. The threonine requirement of sows increases in late gestation. J Anim Sci. 2011 Jan; 89(1):93-102. PMID: 21178180.
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    78. Tomlinson C, Rafii M, Sgro M, Ball RO, Pencharz P. Arginine is synthesized from proline, not glutamate, in enterally fed human preterm neonates. Pediatr Res. 2011 Jan; 69(1):46-50. PMID: 20856169.
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    79. Pencharz PB. Protein and energy requirements for 'optimal' catch-up growth. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 May; 64 Suppl 1:S5-7. PMID: 20442723.
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    80. O'Gorman CS, Simoneau-Roy J, Pencharz P, MacFarlane J, MacLusky I, Narang I, Adeli K, Daneman D, Hamilton J. Sleep-disordered breathing is increased in obese adolescents with craniopharyngioma compared with obese controls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 May; 95(5):2211-8. PMID: 20332250.
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    81. Courtney-Martin G, Moore AM, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. The addition of cysteine to the total sulphur amino acid requirement as methionine does not increase erythrocytes glutathione synthesis in the parenterally fed human neonate. Pediatr Res. 2010 Mar; 67(3):320-4. PMID: 19915518.
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    82. Chapman KP, Courtney-Martin G, Moore AM, Langer JC, Tomlinson C, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Lysine requirement in parenterally fed postsurgical human neonates. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Apr; 91(4):958-65. PMID: 20164307.
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    83. Elango R, Humayun MA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Evidence that protein requirements have been significantly underestimated. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2010 Jan; 13(1):52-7. PMID: 19841581.
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    84. Sterescu AE, Rhodes B, Jackson R, Dupuis A, Hanna A, Wilson DC, Tullis E, Pencharz PB. Natural history of glucose intolerance in patients with cystic fibrosis: ten-year prospective observation program. J Pediatr. 2010 Apr; 156(4):613-7. PMID: 19962154.
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    85. Pillai RR, Elango R, Muthayya S, Ball RO, Kurpad AV, Pencharz PB. Lysine requirement of healthy, school-aged Indian children determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation technique. J Nutr. 2010 Jan; 140(1):54-9. PMID: 19923398.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Kannampuzha J, Donnelly SM, McFarlane PA, Chan CT, House JD, Pencharz PB, Darling PB. Glutathione and riboflavin status in supplemented patients undergoing home nocturnal hemodialysis versus standard hemodialysis. J Ren Nutr. 2010 May; 20(3):199-208. PMID: 19913440.
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    87. Leone A, Pencharz PB. Resting energy expenditure in stroke patients who are dependent on tube feeding: a pilot study. Clin Nutr. 2010 Jun; 29(3):370-2. PMID: 19910084.
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    88. Diamond IR, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. Omega-3 lipids for intestinal failure associated liver disease. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2009 Nov; 18(4):239-45. PMID: 19782305.
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    89. Rhodes B, Nash EF, Tullis E, Pencharz PB, Brotherwood M, Dupuis A, Stephenson A. Prevalence of dyslipidemia in adults with cystic fibrosis. J Cyst Fibros. 2010 Jan; 9(1):24-8. PMID: 19875344.
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    90. Bozinovski NC, Bellissimo N, Thomas SG, Pencharz PB, Goode RC, Anderson GH. The effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9 to 14 year old boys and girls. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Oct 09; 6:66. PMID: 19818131.
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    91. Aimone AM, Connolly B, Chaudhary S, Lugtu-Pe J, Martinuzzi F, Pencharz P, O'Connor DL. A combination of pH-sensitive caplet coatings may be an effective noninvasive strategy to deliver bioactive substances, nutrients, or their precursors to the colon. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2009 Oct; 34(5):893-900. PMID: 19935851.
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    92. Tomlinson C, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz P. The significance of d-isomers in stable isotope studies in humans is dependent on the age of the subject and the amino acid tracer. Metabolism. 2010 Jan; 59(1):14-9. PMID: 19709694.
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    93. Riazi R, Khairallah M, Cameron JM, Pencharz PB, Des Rosiers C, Robinson BH. Probing pyruvate metabolism in normal and mutant fibroblast cell lines using 13C-labeled mass isotopomer analysis and mass spectrometry. Mol Genet Metab. 2009 Dec; 98(4):349-55. PMID: 19640754.
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    94. Mosby TT, Barr RD, Pencharz PB. Nutritional assessment of children with cancer. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2009 Jul-Aug; 26(4):186-97. PMID: 19726790.
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    95. Diamond IR, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. What is the current role for parenteral lipid emulsions containing omega-3 fatty acids in infants with short bowel syndrome? Minerva Pediatr. 2009 Jun; 61(3):263-72. PMID: 19461570.
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    96. Simoneau-Roy J, O'Gorman C, Pencharz P, Adeli K, Daneman D, Hamilton J. Insulin sensitivity and secretion in children and adolescents with hypothalamic obesity following treatment for craniopharyngioma. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2010 Mar; 72(3):364-70. PMID: 19486023.
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    97. Aufreiter S, Gregory JF, Pfeiffer CM, Fazili Z, Kim YI, Marcon N, Kamalaporn P, Pencharz PB, O'Connor DL. Folate is absorbed across the colon of adults: evidence from cecal infusion of (13)C-labeled [6S]-5-formyltetrahydrofolic acid. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jul; 90(1):116-23. PMID: 19439459.
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    98. Rafii M, Elango R, House JD, Courtney-Martin G, Darling P, Fisher L, Pencharz PB. Measurement of homocysteine and related metabolites in human plasma and urine by liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2009 Oct 15; 877(28):3282-91. PMID: 19481985.
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    99. Elango R, Humayun MA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Indicator amino acid oxidation is not affected by period of adaptation to a wide range of lysine intake in healthy young men. J Nutr. 2009 Jun; 139(6):1082-7. PMID: 19369367.
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    100. Diamond IR, Sterescu A, Pencharz PB, Kim JH, Wales PW. Changing the paradigm: omegaven for the treatment of liver failure in pediatric short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Feb; 48(2):209-15. PMID: 19179884.
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    101. Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Amino acid requirements in humans: with a special emphasis on the metabolic availability of amino acids. Amino Acids. 2009 May; 37(1):19-27. PMID: 19156481.
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    102. Chapman KP, Courtney-Martin G, Moore AM, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Threonine requirement of parenterally fed postsurgical human neonates. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jan; 89(1):134-41. PMID: 19056607.
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    103. Struijs MC, Diamond IR, Pencharz PB, Chang KT, Viero S, Langer JC, Wales PW. Absence of the interstitial cells of Cajal in a child with chronic pseudoobstruction. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Dec; 43(12):e25-9. PMID: 19040916.
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    104. Courtney-Martin G, Rafii M, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Methionine-adequate cysteine-free diet does not limit erythrocyte glutathione synthesis in young healthy adult men. J Nutr. 2008 Nov; 138(11):2172-8. PMID: 18936215.
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    105. Pencharz PB, Elango R, Ball RO. An approach to defining the upper safe limits of amino acid intake. J Nutr. 2008 Oct; 138(10):1996S-2002S. PMID: 18806114.
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    106. Courtney-Martin G, Chapman KP, Moore AM, Kim JH, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Total sulfur amino acid requirement and metabolism in parenterally fed postsurgical human neonates. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Jul; 88(1):115-24. PMID: 18614731.
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    107. Diamond IR, Sterescu A, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. The rationale for the use of parenteral omega-3 lipids in children with short bowel syndrome and liver disease. Pediatr Surg Int. 2008 Jul; 24(7):773-8. PMID: 18504595.
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    108. Sivagnanam M, Mueller JL, Lee H, Chen Z, Nelson SF, Turner D, Zlotkin SH, Pencharz PB, Ngan BY, Libiger O, Schork NJ, Lavine JE, Taylor S, Newbury RO, Kolodner RD, Hoffman HM. Identification of EpCAM as the gene for congenital tufting enteropathy. Gastroenterology. 2008 Aug; 135(2):429-37. PMID: 18572020.
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    109. Bellissimo N, Thomas SG, Pencharz PB, Goode RC, Anderson GH. Reproducibility of short-term food intake and subjective appetite scores after a glucose preload, ventilation threshold, and body composition in boys. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2008 Apr; 33(2):326-37. PMID: 18347688.
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    110. Shakur YA, Richards H, Pencharz PB. Is it necessary to measure resting energy expenditure in clinical practice in children? J Pediatr. 2008 Mar; 152(3):437-9. PMID: 18280856.
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    111. Green GJ, Weitzman SS, Pencharz PB. Resting energy expenditure in children newly diagnosed with stage IV neuroblastoma. Pediatr Res. 2008 Mar; 63(3):332-6. PMID: 18287973.
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    112. Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Indicator amino acid oxidation: concept and application. J Nutr. 2008 Feb; 138(2):243-6. PMID: 18203885.
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    113. Mager DR, Marcon M, Wales P, Pencharz PB. Use of N-acetyl cysteine for the treatment of parenteral nutrition-induced liver disease in children receiving home parenteral nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Feb; 46(2):220-3. PMID: 18223385.
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    114. Pencharz PB. Assessment of protein nutritional status in children. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008 Feb; 50(2 Suppl):445-6; discussion 451. PMID: 18064637.
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    115. Barr R, Atkinson S, Pencharz P, Arguelles GR. Nutrition and cancer in children. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008 Feb; 50(2 Suppl):437. PMID: 18064656.
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    116. Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Individual amino acid requirements in humans: an update. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2008 Jan; 11(1):34-9. PMID: 18090656.
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    117. Barron MA, Pencharz PB. Nutritional issues in infants with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2007 Dec; 49(7 Suppl):1093-6. PMID: 17943962.
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    118. Rafii M, McKenzie JM, Roberts SA, Steiner G, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. In vivo regulation of phenylalanine hydroxylation to tyrosine, studied using enrichment in apoB-100. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Feb; 294(2):E475-9. PMID: 18042668.
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    119. Humayun MA, Elango R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Reevaluation of the protein requirement in young men with the indicator amino acid oxidation technique. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Oct; 86(4):995-1002. PMID: 17921376.
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    120. Bellissimo N, Desantadina MV, Pencharz PB, Berall GB, Thomas SG, Anderson GH. A comparison of short-term appetite and energy intakes in normal weight and obese boys following glucose and whey-protein drinks. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Feb; 32(2):362-71. PMID: 17700578.
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    121. Rafii M, Elango R, Courtney-Martin G, House JD, Fisher L, Pencharz PB. High-throughput and simultaneous measurement of homocysteine and cysteine in human plasma and urine by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Biochem. 2007 Dec 01; 371(1):71-81. PMID: 17727809.
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    122. Humayun MA, Elango R, Moehn S, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Application of the indicator amino acid oxidation technique for the determination of metabolic availability of sulfur amino acids from casein versus soy protein isolate in adult men. J Nutr. 2007 Aug; 137(8):1874-9. PMID: 17634258.
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    123. Elango R, Humayun MA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Lysine requirement of healthy school-age children determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation method. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Aug; 86(2):360-5. PMID: 17684206.
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    124. Urschel KL, Rafii M, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. A multitracer stable isotope quantification of the effects of arginine intake on whole body arginine metabolism in neonatal piglets. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Sep; 293(3):E811-8. PMID: 17595215.
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    125. Pencharz PB, Hsu JW, Ball RO. Aromatic amino acid requirements in healthy human subjects. J Nutr. 2007 06; 137(6 Suppl 1):1576S-1578S; discussion 1597S-1598S. PMID: 17513429.
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    126. Ball RO, Urschel KL, Pencharz PB. Nutritional consequences of interspecies differences in arginine and lysine metabolism. J Nutr. 2007 06; 137(6 Suppl 2):1626S-1641S. PMID: 17513439.
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    127. Bellissimo N, Pencharz PB, Thomas SG, Anderson GH. Effect of television viewing at mealtime on food intake after a glucose preload in boys. Pediatr Res. 2007 Jun; 61(6):745-9. PMID: 17426650.
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    128. Brunton JA, Shoveller AK, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. The indicator amino acid oxidation method identified limiting amino acids in two parenteral nutrition solutions in neonatal piglets. J Nutr. 2007 May; 137(5):1253-9. PMID: 17449589.
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    129. Diamond IR, de Silva N, Pencharz PB, Kim JH, Wales PW. Neonatal short bowel syndrome outcomes after the establishment of the first Canadian multidisciplinary intestinal rehabilitation program: preliminary experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 May; 42(5):806-11. PMID: 17502188.
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    130. Kalnins D, Durie PR, Pencharz P. Nutritional management of cystic fibrosis patients. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2007 May; 10(3):348-54. PMID: 17414506.
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    131. Urschel KL, Evans AR, Wilkinson CW, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Parenterally fed neonatal piglets have a low rate of endogenous arginine synthesis from circulating proline. J Nutr. 2007 Mar; 137(3):601-6. PMID: 17311947.
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    132. Hsu JW, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Evidence that phenylalanine may not provide the full needs for aromatic amino acids in children. Pediatr Res. 2007 Mar; 61(3):361-5. PMID: 17314698.
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    133. Law GK, Bertolo RF, Adjiri-Awere A, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Adequate oral threonine is critical for mucin production and gut function in neonatal piglets. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 May; 292(5):G1293-301. PMID: 17234895.
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    134. Urschel KL, Wilkinson CW, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Coadministration of ornithine and alpha-ketoglutarate is no more effective than ornithine alone as an arginine precursor in piglets enterally fed an arginine-deficient diet. J Nutr. 2007 Jan; 137(1):55-62. PMID: 17182801.
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    135. Humayun MA, Turner JM, Elango R, Rafii M, Langos V, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Minimum methionine requirement and cysteine sparing of methionine in healthy school-age children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Nov; 84(5):1080-5. PMID: 17093160.
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    136. Vogt JA, Ishii-Schrade KB, Pencharz PB, Jones PJ, Wolever TM. L-rhamnose and lactulose decrease serum triacylglycerols and their rates of synthesis, but do not affect serum cholesterol concentrations in men. J Nutr. 2006 Aug; 136(8):2160-6. PMID: 16857835.
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    137. Urschel KL, Shoveller AK, Uwiera RR, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Citrulline is an effective arginine precursor in enterally fed neonatal piglets. J Nutr. 2006 Jul; 136(7):1806-13. PMID: 16772441.
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    138. Ball RO, Courtney-Martin G, Pencharz PB. The in vivo sparing of methionine by cysteine in sulfur amino acid requirements in animal models and adult humans. J Nutr. 2006 06; 136(6 Suppl):1682S-1693S. PMID: 16702340.
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    139. Clarke M, Locker D, Berall G, Pencharz P, Kenny DJ, Judd P. Malnourishment in a population of young children with severe early childhood caries. Pediatr Dent. 2006 May-Jun; 28(3):254-9. PMID: 16805358.
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    140. Mager DR, Wykes LJ, Roberts EA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Effect of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on branched-chain amino acid requirement. Pediatr Res. 2006 Jun; 59(6):829-34. PMID: 16641206.
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    141. Hsu JW, Kriengsinyos W, Wykes LJ, Rafii M, Goonewardene LA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Leucine is not a good choice as an indicator amino acid for determining amino acid requirements in men. J Nutr. 2006 Apr; 136(4):958-64. PMID: 16549457.
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    142. Mager DR, Wykes LJ, Roberts EA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Mild-to-moderate chronic cholestatic liver disease increases leucine oxidation in children. J Nutr. 2006 Apr; 136(4):965-70. PMID: 16549458.
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    143. Shoveller AK, Brunton JA, Brand O, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. N-acetylcysteine is a highly available precursor for cysteine in the neonatal piglet receiving parenteral nutrition. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2006 Mar-Apr; 30(2):133-42. PMID: 16517958.
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    144. Turner JM, Humayun MA, Elango R, Rafii M, Langos V, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Total sulfur amino acid requirement of healthy school-age children as determined by indicator amino acid oxidation technique. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Mar; 83(3):619-23. PMID: 16522909.
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    145. Kalnins D, Ellis L, Corey M, Pencharz PB, Stewart C, Tullis E, Durie PR. Enteric-coated pancreatic enzyme with bicarbonate is equal to standard enteric-coated enzyme in treating malabsorption in cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Mar; 42(3):256-61. PMID: 16540792.
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    146. Mager DR, Wykes LJ, Roberts EA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Branched-chain amino acid needs in children with mild-to-moderate chronic cholestatic liver disease. J Nutr. 2006 Jan; 136(1):133-9. PMID: 16365072.
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    147. Hsu JW, Goonewardene LA, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Aromatic amino acid requirements in healthy men measured by indicator amino acid oxidation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jan; 83(1):82-8. PMID: 16400054.
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    148. Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Amino acid requirements of infants and children. Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program. 2006; 58:109-16; discussion 116-9. PMID: 16902329.
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    149. Moehn S, Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Development of the indicator amino acid oxidation technique to determine the availability of amino acids from dietary protein in pigs. J Nutr. 2005 Dec; 135(12):2866-70. PMID: 16317134.
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    150. Bertolo RF, Moehn S, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Estimate of the variability of the lysine requirement of growing pigs using the indicator amino acid oxidation technique. J Anim Sci. 2005 Nov; 83(11):2535-42. PMID: 16230650.
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    151. Koletzko B, Baker S, Cleghorn G, Neto UF, Gopalan S, Hernell O, Hock QS, Jirapinyo P, Lonnerdal B, Pencharz P, Pzyrembel H, Ramirez-Mayans J, Shamir R, Turck D, Yamashiro Y, Zong-Yi D. Global standard for the composition of infant formula: recommendations of an ESPGHAN coordinated international expert group. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Nov; 41(5):584-99. PMID: 16254515.
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    152. Kalnins D, Corey M, Ellis L, Pencharz PB, Tullis E, Durie PR. Failure of conventional strategies to improve nutritional status in malnourished adolescents and adults with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 2005 Sep; 147(3):399-401. PMID: 16182685.
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    153. Sala A, Antillon F, Pencharz P, Barr R. Nutritional status in children with cancer: a report from the AHOPCA Workshop held in Guatemala City, August 31-September 5, 2004. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2005 Aug; 45(2):230-6. PMID: 15920776.
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    154. Kalnins D, Corey M, Ellis L, Durie PR, Pencharz PB. Combining unprotected pancreatic enzymes with pH-sensitive enteric-coated microspheres does not improve nutrient digestion in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 2005 Apr; 146(4):489-93. PMID: 15812451.
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    155. Cormier K, Mager D, Bannister L, Fortin M, Richards H, Jackson C, Pencharz P. Resting energy expenditure in the parenterally fed pediatric population with Crohn's disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2005 Mar-Apr; 29(2):102-7. PMID: 15772388.
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    156. Rafii M, Chapman K, Stewart C, Kelly E, Hanna A, Wilson DC, Tullis E, Pencharz PB. Changes in response to insulin and the effects of varying glucose tolerance on whole-body protein metabolism in patients with cystic fibrosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Feb; 81(2):421-6. PMID: 15699230.
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    157. Urschel KL, Shoveller AK, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Arginine synthesis does not occur during first-pass hepatic metabolism in the neonatal piglet. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun; 288(6):E1244-51. PMID: 15657089.
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    158. Pencharz PB. Special problems of nutrition in the pregnancy of teenagers. Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program. 2005; 55:213-7; discussion 217-20. PMID: 16632937.
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    159. Vogt JA, Ishii-Schrade KB, Pencharz PB, Wolever TM. L-Rhamnose increases serum propionate after long-term supplementation, but lactulose does not raise serum acetate. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Nov; 80(5):1254-61. PMID: 15531673.
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    160. Buchholz AC, Pencharz PB. Energy expenditure in chronic spinal cord injury. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2004 Nov; 7(6):635-9. PMID: 15534431.
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    161. Darling PB, Dunn M, Gilani GS, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Phenylalanine kinetics differ between formula-fed and human milk-fed preterm infants. J Nutr. 2004 Oct; 134(10):2540-5. PMID: 15465744.
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    162. Kriengsinyos W, Wykes LJ, Goonewardene LA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Phase of menstrual cycle affects lysine requirement in healthy women. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Sep; 287(3):E489-96. PMID: 15308475.
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    163. Moehn S, Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Pattern of carbon dioxide production and retention is similar in adult pigs when fed hourly, but not when fed a single meal. BMC Physiol. 2004 Jul 08; 4:11. PMID: 15242516.
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    164. Vogt JA, Pencharz PB, Wolever TM. L-Rhamnose increases serum propionate in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul; 80(1):89-94. PMID: 15213033.
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    165. Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Amino acid needs for early growth and development. J Nutr. 2004 06; 134(6 Suppl):1566S-1568S. PMID: 15173431.
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    166. Wilkinson DL, Bertolo RF, Brunton JA, Shoveller AK, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Arginine synthesis is regulated by dietary arginine intake in the enterally fed neonatal piglet. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Sep; 287(3):E454-62. PMID: 15149954.
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    167. Mandel K, Atkinson S, Barr RD, Pencharz P. Skeletal morbidity in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2004 Apr 01; 22(7):1215-21. PMID: 15051768.
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    168. Moehn S, Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Indicator amino acid oxidation responds rapidly to changes in lysine or protein intake in growing and adult pigs. J Nutr. 2004 Apr; 134(4):836-41. PMID: 15051834.
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    169. Shoveller AK, House JD, Brunton JA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. The balance of dietary sulfur amino acids and the route of feeding affect plasma homocysteine concentrations in neonatal piglets. J Nutr. 2004 Mar; 134(3):609-12. PMID: 14988455.
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    170. Riazi R, Rafii M, Clarke JT, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Total branched-chain amino acids requirement in patients with maple syrup urine disease by use of indicator amino acid oxidation with L-[1-13C]phenylalanine. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Jul; 287(1):E142-9. PMID: 14970005.
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    171. Sala A, Pencharz P, Barr RD. Children, cancer, and nutrition--A dynamic triangle in review. Cancer. 2004 Feb 15; 100(4):677-87. PMID: 14770421.
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    172. Cvitkovic S, Bertolo RF, Brunton JA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Enteral tryptophan requirement determined by oxidation of gastrically or intravenously infused phenylalanine is not different from the parenteral requirement in neonatal piglets. Pediatr Res. 2004 Apr; 55(4):630-6. PMID: 14711885.
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    173. Elango R, Goonewardene LA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Parenteral and enteral routes of feeding in neonatal piglets require different ratios of branched-chain amino acids. J Nutr. 2004 Jan; 134(1):72-8. PMID: 14704296.
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    174. McCloy U, Ryan MA, Pencharz PB, Ross RJ, Cunnane SC. A comparison of the metabolism of eighteen-carbon 13C-unsaturated fatty acids in healthy women. J Lipid Res. 2004 Mar; 45(3):474-85. PMID: 14679164.
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    175. Shoveller AK, Brunton JA, House JD, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Dietary cysteine reduces the methionine requirement by an equal proportion in both parenterally and enterally fed piglets. J Nutr. 2003 Dec; 133(12):4215-24. PMID: 14652375.
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    176. Riazi R, Rafii M, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Valine may be the first limiting branched-chain amino acid in egg protein in men. J Nutr. 2003 Nov; 133(11):3533-9. PMID: 14608070.
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    177. Mager DR, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Branched-chain amino acid requirements in school-aged children determined by indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO). J Nutr. 2003 Nov; 133(11):3540-5. PMID: 14608071.
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    178. Buchholz AC, McGillivray CF, Pencharz PB. The use of bioelectric impedance analysis to measure fluid compartments in subjects with chronic paraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Jun; 84(6):854-61. PMID: 12808538.
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    179. Riazi R, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. The total branched-chain amino acid requirement in young healthy adult men determined by indicator amino acid oxidation by use of L-[1-13C]phenylalanine. J Nutr. 2003 May; 133(5):1383-9. PMID: 12730426.
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    180. Shoveller AK, Brunton JA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. The methionine requirement is lower in neonatal piglets fed parenterally than in those fed enterally. J Nutr. 2003 May; 133(5):1390-7. PMID: 12730427.
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    181. Jackson R, Pencharz PB. Transition of care between paediatric and adult gastroenterology. Cystic fibrosis. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2003 Apr; 17(2):213-35. PMID: 12676116.
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    182. Buchholz AC, McGillivray CF, Pencharz PB. Physical activity levels are low in free-living adults with chronic paraplegia. Obes Res. 2003 Apr; 11(4):563-70. PMID: 12690086.
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    183. Di Buono M, Wykes LJ, Cole DE, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolism in men in response to changes in sulfur amino acid intakes. J Nutr. 2003 Mar; 133(3):733-9. PMID: 12612145.
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    184. Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Different approaches to define individual amino acid requirements. Annu Rev Nutr. 2003; 23:101-16. PMID: 12626690.
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    185. Solomon MP, Wilson DC, Corey M, Kalnins D, Zielenski J, Tsui LC, Pencharz P, Durie P, Sweezey NB. Glucose intolerance in children with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 2003 Feb; 142(2):128-32. PMID: 12584532.
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    186. Zello GA, Menendez CE, Rafii M, Clarke R, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Minimum protein intake for the preterm neonate determined by protein and amino acid kinetics. Pediatr Res. 2003 Feb; 53(2):338-44. PMID: 12538796.
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    187. Buchholz AC, McGillivray CF, Pencharz PB. Differences in resting metabolic rate between paraplegic and able-bodied subjects are explained by differences in body composition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Feb; 77(2):371-8. PMID: 12540396.
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    188. Bertolo RF, Brunton JA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Arginine, ornithine, and proline interconversion is dependent on small intestinal metabolism in neonatal pigs. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2003 May; 284(5):E915-22. PMID: 12527558.
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    189. McCall M, Jeejeebhoy K, Pencharz P, Moulton R. Effect of neuromuscular blockade on energy expenditure in patients with severe head injury. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2003 Jan-Feb; 27(1):27-35. PMID: 12549595.
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    190. Courtney-Martin G, Bross R, Raffi M, Clarke JT, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Phenylalanine requirement in children with classical PKU determined by indicator amino acid oxidation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Dec; 283(6):E1249-56. PMID: 12424106.
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    191. Kriengsinyos W, Rafii M, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Long-term effects of histidine depletion on whole-body protein metabolism in healthy adults. J Nutr. 2002 Nov; 132(11):3340-8. PMID: 12421848.
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    192. Elango R, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. The branched-chain amino acid requirement of parenterally fed neonatal piglets is less than the enteral requirement. J Nutr. 2002 Oct; 132(10):3123-9. PMID: 12368405.
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    193. Kriengsinyos W, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Oral and intravenous tracer protocols of the indicator amino acid oxidation method provide the same estimate of the lysine requirement in healthy men. J Nutr. 2002 Aug; 132(8):2251-7. PMID: 12163671.
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    194. Pencharz PB, Jackson R. There is no evidence of a primary defect in energy metabolism in subjects with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 2002 May; 140(5):498-9. PMID: 12032511.
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    195. Ziadeh BI, Michaud AL, Saad NM, Lewis BA, Rafii M, Pencharz PB, Brenna JT. Enzymatic decarboxylation of tyrosine and phenylalanine to enhance volatility for high-precision isotopic analysis. Anal Chem. 2002 Jan 15; 74(2):479-83. PMID: 11817371.
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    196. Di Buono M, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Total sulfur amino acid requirement in young men as determined by indicator amino acid oxidation with L-[1-13C]phenylalanine. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Dec; 74(6):756-60. PMID: 11722956.
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    197. Di Buono M, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Dietary cysteine reduces the methionine requirement in men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Dec; 74(6):761-6. PMID: 11722957.
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    198. Buchholz AC, Rafii M, Pencharz PB. Is resting metabolic rate different between men and women? Br J Nutr. 2001 Dec; 86(6):641-6. PMID: 11749674.
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    199. Wilson DC, Rashid M, Durie PR, Tsang A, Kalnins D, Andrew M, Corey M, Shin J, Tullis E, Pencharz PB. Treatment of vitamin K deficiency in cystic fibrosis: Effectiveness of a daily fat-soluble vitamin combination. J Pediatr. 2001 Jun; 138(6):851-5. PMID: 11391328.
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    200. Roberts SA, Thorpe JM, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Tyrosine requirement of healthy men receiving a fixed phenylalanine intake determined by using indicator amino acid oxidation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Feb; 73(2):276-82. PMID: 11157324.
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    201. Roberts SA, Ball RO, Moore AM, Filler RM, Pencharz PB. The effect of graded intake of glycyl-L-tyrosine on phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism in parenterally fed neonates with an estimation of tyrosine requirement. Pediatr Res. 2001 Jan; 49(1):111-9. PMID: 11134500.
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    202. Pencharz PB, Durie PR. Pathogenesis of malnutrition in cystic fibrosis, and its treatment. Clin Nutr. 2000 Dec; 19(6):387-94. PMID: 11104588.
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    203. Bertolo RF, Brunton JA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Steady state is not achieved for most plasma amino acids during 12 hours of fasting in the neonatal piglet. Pediatr Res. 2000 Nov; 48(5):701-7. PMID: 11044495.
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    204. Brunton JA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Current total parenteral nutrition solutions for the neonate are inadequate. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2000 Jul; 3(4):299-304. PMID: 10929677.
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    205. Pencharz PB. A new approach to measure energy expenditure in the neonate. Pediatr Res. 2000 Jun; 47(6):707-8. PMID: 10832725.
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    206. Darling PB, Grunow J, Rafii M, Brookes S, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Threonine dehydrogenase is a minor degradative pathway of threonine catabolism in adult humans. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2000 May; 278(5):E877-84. PMID: 10780944.
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    207. Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Organ and plasma amino acid concentrations are profoundly different in piglets fed identical diets via gastric, central venous or portal venous routes. J Nutr. 2000 May; 130(5):1261-6. PMID: 10804082.
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    208. Wilson DC, Kalnins D, Stewart C, Hamilton N, Hanna AK, Durie PR, Tullis E, Pencharz PB. Challenges in the dietary treatment of cystic fibrosis related diabetes mellitus. Clin Nutr. 2000 Apr; 19(2):87-93. PMID: 10867725.
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    209. Morais JA, Ross R, Gougeon R, Pencharz PB, Jones PJ, Marliss EB. Distribution of protein turnover changes with age in humans as assessed by whole-body magnetic resonance image analysis to quantify tissue volumes. J Nutr. 2000 Apr; 130(4):784-91. PMID: 10736330.
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    210. Thorpe JM, Roberts SA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Effect of tyrosine intake on the rate of phenylalanine hydroxylation in adult males. Metabolism. 2000 Apr; 49(4):444-9. PMID: 10778866.
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    211. Wilson DC, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Threonine requirement of young men determined by indicator amino acid oxidation with use of L-[1-(13)C]phenylalanine. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Mar; 71(3):757-64. PMID: 10702170.
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    212. Bross R, Ball RO, Clarke JT, Pencharz PB. Tyrosine requirements in children with classical PKU determined by indicator amino acid oxidation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Feb; 278(2):E195-201. PMID: 10662702.
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    213. Macarthur C, Saunders N, Feldman W, Ipp M, Winders-Lee P, Roberts S, Best L, Sherman P, Pencharz P, Veldhuyzen van Zanten SV. Helicobacter pylori and childhood recurrent abdominal pain: community based case-control study. BMJ. 1999 Sep 25; 319(7213):822-3. PMID: 10496827.
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    214. Rashid M, Durie P, Andrew M, Kalnins D, Shin J, Corey M, Tullis E, Pencharz PB. Prevalence of vitamin K deficiency in cystic fibrosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep; 70(3):378-82. PMID: 10479200.
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    215. Moran A, Hardin D, Rodman D, Allen HF, Beall RJ, Borowitz D, Brunzell C, Campbell PW, Chesrown SE, Duchow C, Fink RJ, Fitzsimmons SC, Hamilton N, Hirsch I, Howenstine MS, Klein DJ, Madhun Z, Pencharz PB, Quittner AL, Robbins MK, Schindler T, Schissel K, Schwarzenberg SJ, Stallings VA, Zipf WB, et al. Diagnosis, screening and management of cystic fibrosis related diabetes mellitus: a consensus conference report. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1999 Aug; 45(1):61-73. PMID: 10499886.
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    216. Brunton JA, Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Proline ameliorates arginine deficiency during enteral but not parenteral feeding in neonatal piglets. Am J Physiol. 1999 08; 277(2):E223-31. PMID: 10444416.
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    217. Matlow AG, Kitai I, Kirpalani H, Chapman NH, Corey M, Perlman M, Pencharz P, Jewell S, Phillips-Gordon C, Summerbell R, Ford-Jones EL. A randomized trial of 72- versus 24-hour intravenous tubing set changes in newborns receiving lipid therapy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999 Jul; 20(7):487-93. PMID: 10432161.
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    218. Darling PB, Bross R, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Isotopic enrichment of amino acids in urine following oral infusions of L-[1-(13)C]phenylalanine and L-[1-(13)C]lysine in humans: confounding effect of D-[13C]amino acids. Metabolism. 1999 Jun; 48(6):732-7. PMID: 10381147.
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    219. Bertolo RF, Chen CZ, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Intestinal atrophy has a greater impact on nitrogen metabolism than liver by-pass in piglets fed identical diets via gastric, central venous or portal venous routes. J Nutr. 1999 May; 129(5):1045-52. PMID: 10222398.
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    220. Bertolo RF, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. A comparison of parenteral and enteral feeding in neonatal piglets, including an assessment of the utilization of a glutamine-rich, pediatric elemental diet. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1999 Mar-Apr; 23(2):47-55. PMID: 10081992.
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    221. Thorpe JM, Roberts SA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Prior protein intake may affect phenylalanine kinetics measured in healthy adult volunteers consuming 1 g protein. kg-1. d-1. J Nutr. 1999 Feb; 129(2):343-8. PMID: 10024611.
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    222. Darling PB, Dunn M, Sarwar G, Brookes S, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Threonine kinetics in preterm infants fed their mothers' milk or formula with various ratios of whey to casein. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Jan; 69(1):105-14. PMID: 9925131.
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    223. Roberts SA, Ball RO, Filler RM, Moore AM, Pencharz PB. Phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism in neonates receiving parenteral nutrition differing in pattern of amino acids. Pediatr Res. 1998 Dec; 44(6):907-14. PMID: 9853926.
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    224. Bross R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Development of a minimally invasive protocol for the determination of phenylalanine and lysine kinetics in humans during the fed state. J Nutr. 1998 Nov; 128(11):1913-9. PMID: 9808642.
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    225. Bertolo RF, Chen CZ, Law G, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Threonine requirement of neonatal piglets receiving total parenteral nutrition is considerably lower than that of piglets receiving an identical diet intragastrically. J Nutr. 1998 Oct; 128(10):1752-9. PMID: 9772146.
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    226. Wilson DC, Pencharz PB. Nutrition and cystic fibrosis. Nutrition. 1998 Oct; 14(10):792-5. PMID: 9785364.
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    227. Brunton JA, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Determination of amino acid requirements by indicator amino acid oxidation: applications in health and disease. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 1998 Sep; 1(5):449-53. PMID: 10565392.
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    228. Lazaris-Brunner G, Rafii M, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Tryptophan requirement in young adult women as determined by indicator amino acid oxidation with L-[13C]phenylalanine. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Aug; 68(2):303-10. PMID: 9701187.
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    229. Ondrusek N, Abramovitch R, Pencharz P, Koren G. Empirical examination of the ability of children to consent to clinical research. J Med Ethics. 1998 Jun; 24(3):158-65. PMID: 9650109.
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    230. House JD, Thorpe JM, Wykes LJ, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Evidence that phenylalanine hydroxylation rates are overestimated in neonatal subjects receiving total parenteral nutrition with a high phenylalanine content. Pediatr Res. 1998 Apr; 43(4 Pt 1):461-6. PMID: 9544998.
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    231. Gougeon R, Marliss EB, Jones PJ, Pencharz PB, Morais JA. Effect of exogenous insulin on protein metabolism with differing nonprotein energy intakes in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Mar; 22(3):250-61. PMID: 9539194.
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    232. Ellis L, Kalnins D, Corey M, Brennan J, Pencharz P, Durie P. Do infants with cystic fibrosis need a protein hydrolysate formula? A prospective, randomized, comparative study. J Pediatr. 1998 Feb; 132(2):270-6. PMID: 9506640.
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    233. Sarwar G, Botting HG, Davis TA, Darling P, Pencharz PB. Free amino acids in milks of human subjects, other primates and non-primates. Br J Nutr. 1998 Feb; 79(2):129-31. PMID: 9536856.
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    234. House JD, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Lysine requirement of neonatal piglets receiving total parenteral nutrition as determined by oxidation of the indicator amino acid L-[1-14C]phenylalanine. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Jan; 67(1):67-73. PMID: 9440377.
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    235. Pencharz PB. Aggressive oral, enteral or parenteral nutrition: prescriptive decisions in children with cancer. Int J Cancer Suppl. 1998; 11:73-5. PMID: 9876484.
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    236. Morais JA, Gougeon R, Pencharz PB, Jones PJ, Ross R, Marliss EB. Whole-body protein turnover in the healthy elderly. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Oct; 66(4):880-9. PMID: 9322564.
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    237. Azcue M, Rashid M, Griffiths A, Pencharz PB. Energy expenditure and body composition in children with Crohn's disease: effect of enteral nutrition and treatment with prednisolone. Gut. 1997 Aug; 41(2):203-8. PMID: 9301499.
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    238. Dubois S, Coulombe C, Pencharz P, Pinsonneault O, Duquette MP. Ability of the Higgins Nutrition Intervention Program to improve adolescent pregnancy outcome. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997 Aug; 97(8):871-8. PMID: 9259709.
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    239. House JD, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Phenylalanine requirements determined by using L-[1-14C]phenylalanine in neonatal piglets receiving total parenteral nutrition supplemented with tyrosine. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Apr; 65(4):984-93. PMID: 9094883.
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    240. House JD, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Tyrosine kinetics and requirements during total parenteral nutrition in the neonatal piglet: the effect of glycyl-L-tyrosine supplementation. Pediatr Res. 1997 Apr; 41(4 Pt 1):575-83. PMID: 9098863.
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    241. Gougeon R, Pencharz PB, Sigal RJ. Effect of glycemic control on the kinetics of whole-body protein metabolism in obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus during iso- and hypoenergetic feeding. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Mar; 65(3):861-70. PMID: 9062541.
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    242. Bradley SJ, Taylor MJ, Rovet JF, Goldberg E, Hood J, Wachsmuth R, Azcue MP, Pencharz PB. Assessment of brain function in adolescent anorexia nervosa before and after weight gain. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1997 Feb; 19(1):20-33. PMID: 9071638.
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    243. Pencharz PB. Effects of neurological diseases on body composition and energy metabolism. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1997; 25 Suppl 1:S30-1. PMID: 9285862.
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    244. Azcue MP, Zello GA, Levy LD, Pencharz PB. Energy expenditure and body composition in children with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy. J Pediatr. 1996 Dec; 129(6):870-6. PMID: 8969729.
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    245. Chait PG, Weinberg J, Connolly BL, Pencharz P, Richards H, Clift JE, Savoie S, Harrison D. Retrograde percutaneous gastrostomy and gastrojejunostomy in 505 children: a 4 1/2-year experience. Radiology. 1996 Dec; 201(3):691-5. PMID: 8939217.
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    246. Khoshoo V, Reifen R, Neuman MG, Griffiths A, Pencharz PB. Effect of low- and high-fat, peptide-based diets on body composition and disease activity in adolescents with active Crohn's disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1996 Nov-Dec; 20(6):401-5. PMID: 8950740.
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    247. Duncan AM, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Lysine requirement of adult males is not affected by decreasing dietary protein. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Nov; 64(5):718-25. PMID: 8901791.
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    248. Wilson DC, Pencharz PB. Protein metabolism in cystic fibrosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Oct; 64(4):643-4. PMID: 8839514.
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    249. Pencharz PB, Azcue M. Use of bioelectrical impedance analysis measurements in the clinical management of malnutrition. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 09; 64(3 Suppl):485S-488S. PMID: 8780368.
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    250. Wilschanski M, Sherman P, Pencharz P, Davis L, Corey M, Griffiths A. Supplementary enteral nutrition maintains remission in paediatric Crohn's disease. Gut. 1996 Apr; 38(4):543-8. PMID: 8707085.
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    251. Sarwar G, Darling P, Ujiie M, Botting HG, Pencharz PB. Use of amino acid profiles of preterm and term human milks in evaluating scoring patterns for routine protein quality assessment of infant formulas. J AOAC Int. 1996 Mar-Apr; 79(2):498-502. PMID: 8920139.
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    252. Khoshoo V, Zembo M, King A, Dhar M, Reifen R, Pencharz P. Incidence of gastroesophageal reflux with whey- and casein-based formulas in infants and in children with severe neurological impairment. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1996 Jan; 22(1):48-55. PMID: 8788287.
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    253. Zello GA, Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Recent advances in methods of assessing dietary amino acid requirements for adult humans. J Nutr. 1995 Dec; 125(12):2907-15. PMID: 7500168.
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    254. Gougeon R, Pencharz PB, Marliss EB. Whole-body protein turnover in obese subjects during two very low energy diets of differing amino acid composition. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1995 Oct; 19(10):739-48. PMID: 8589768.
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    255. Pencharz PB, Azcue MP. Measuring resting energy expenditure in clinical practice. J Pediatr. 1995 Aug; 127(2):269-71. PMID: 7636653.
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    256. Wolever TM, Spadafora PJ, Cunnane SC, Pencharz PB. Propionate inhibits incorporation of colonic [1,2-13C]acetate into plasma lipids in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1995 Jun; 61(6):1241-7. PMID: 7762524.
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    257. Andrew M, Marzinotto V, Pencharz P, Zlotkin S, Burrows P, Ingram J, Adams M, Filler R. A cross-sectional study of catheter-related thrombosis in children receiving total parenteral nutrition at home. J Pediatr. 1995 Mar; 126(3):358-63. PMID: 7869192.
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    258. Wykes LJ, House JD, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Aromatic amino acid metabolism of neonatal piglets receiving TPN: effect of tyrosine precursors. Am J Physiol. 1994 Nov; 267(5 Pt 1):E672-9. PMID: 7977717.
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    259. Khoshoo V, Roberts PL, Loe WA, Golladay ES, Pencharz PB. Nutritional management of dumping syndrome associated with antireflux surgery. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Nov; 29(11):1452-4. PMID: 7844719.
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    260. Wykes LJ, House JD, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Amino acid profile and aromatic amino acid concentration in total parenteral nutrition: effect on growth, protein metabolism and aromatic amino acid metabolism in the neonatal piglet. Clin Sci (Lond). 1994 Jul; 87(1):75-84. PMID: 8062523.
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    261. Zello GA, Marai L, Tung AS, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Plasma and urine enrichments following infusion of L-[1-13C]phenylalanine and L-[ring-2H5]phenylalanine in humans: evidence for an isotope effect in renal tubular reabsorption. Metabolism. 1994 Apr; 43(4):487-91. PMID: 8159109.
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    262. Van Aerde JE, Sauer PJ, Pencharz PB, Smith JM, Heim T, Swyer PR. Metabolic consequences of increasing energy intake by adding lipid to parenteral nutrition in full-term infants. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Mar; 59(3):659-62. PMID: 8116545.
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    263. House JD, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Glutamine supplementation to total parenteral nutrition promotes extracellular fluid expansion in piglets. J Nutr. 1994 Mar; 124(3):396-405. PMID: 8120659.
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    264. Gougeon R, Pencharz PB, Marliss EB. Effect of NIDDM on the kinetics of whole-body protein metabolism. Diabetes. 1994 Feb; 43(2):318-28. PMID: 8288057.
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    265. Lewis D, Khoshoo V, Pencharz PB, Golladay ES. Impact of nutritional rehabilitation on gastroesophageal reflux in neurologically impaired children. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Feb; 29(2):167-9; discussion 169-70. PMID: 7513758.
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    266. Pencharz PB, Zlotkin SH. Peripheral and parenteral nutrition: preliminary report on its efficacy and safety. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1993 Nov-Dec; 17(6):588-9. PMID: 8301817.
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    267. Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Development and validation of a total parenteral nutrition model in the neonatal piglet. J Nutr. 1993 Jul; 123(7):1248-59. PMID: 8320564.
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    268. Khoshoo V, Fried M, Pencharz P. Incidence of gastroesophageal reflux with casein and whey-based formulas. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1993 Jul; 17(1):116-7. PMID: 8350205.
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    269. Azcue M, Fried M, Pencharz PB. Use of bioelectrical impedance analysis to measure total body water in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1993 May; 16(4):440-5. PMID: 8315555.
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    270. Vaisman N, Stallings VA, Chan H, Weitzman SS, Clarke R, Pencharz PB. Effect of chemotherapy on the energy and protein metabolism of children near the end of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 May; 57(5):679-84. PMID: 8480686.
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    271. Darling P, Wykes LJ, Clarke R, Papageorgiou A, Pencharz PB. Utilization of non-protein nitrogen in whey-dominant formulae by low-birthweight infants. Clin Sci (Lond). 1993 May; 84(5):543-8. PMID: 8504631.
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    272. Zello GA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Dietary lysine requirement of young adult males determined by oxidation of L-[1-13C]phenylalanine. Am J Physiol. 1993 Apr; 264(4 Pt 1):E677-85. PMID: 8476044.
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    273. Grunow JE, Azcue MP, Berall G, Pencharz PB. Energy expenditure in cystic fibrosis during activities of daily living. J Pediatr. 1993 Feb; 122(2):243-6. PMID: 8429439.
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    274. Pencharz PB, Durie PR. Nutritional management of cystic fibrosis. Annu Rev Nutr. 1993; 13:111-36. PMID: 8369141.
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    275. Azcue M, Wesson D, Neuman M, Pencharz P. What does bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) measure? Basic Life Sci. 1993; 60:121-3. PMID: 8110090.
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    276. Stallings VA, Pencharz PB. The effect of a high protein-low calorie diet on the energy expenditure of obese adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1992 Dec; 46(12):897-902. PMID: 1483419.
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    277. Durie PR, Pencharz PB. Cystic fibrosis: nutrition. Br Med Bull. 1992 Oct; 48(4):823-46. PMID: 1458303.
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    278. Gougeon R, Hoffer LJ, Pencharz PB, Marliss EB. Protein metabolism in obese subjects during a very-low-energy diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 07; 56(1 Suppl):249S-254S. PMID: 1615893.
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    279. Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Menendez CE, Ginther DM, Pencharz PB. Glycine, leucine, and phenylalanine flux in low-birth-weight infants during parenteral and enteral feeding. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 May; 55(5):971-5. PMID: 1570806.
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    280. Zello GA, Telch J, Clarke R, Ball RO, Pencharz PB. Reexamination of protein requirements in adult male humans by end-product measurements of leucine and lysine metabolism. J Nutr. 1992 Apr; 122(4):1000-8. PMID: 1552354.
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    281. Fried MD, Khoshoo V, Secker DJ, Gilday DL, Ash JM, Pencharz PB. Decrease in gastric emptying time and episodes of regurgitation in children with spastic quadriplegia fed a whey-based formula. J Pediatr. 1992 Apr; 120(4 Pt 1):569-72. PMID: 1552396.
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    282. Azcue MP, Pencharz P. Nutrition and AIDS. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1992 Feb; 14(2):242-3. PMID: 1593382.
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    283. Ramsey BW, Farrell PM, Pencharz P. Nutritional assessment and management in cystic fibrosis: a consensus report. The Consensus Committee. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Jan; 55(1):108-16. PMID: 1728810.
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    284. Vaisman N, Clarke R, Rossi M, Goldberg E, Zello GA, Pencharz PB. Protein turnover and resting energy expenditure in patients with undernutrition and chronic lung disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Jan; 55(1):63-9. PMID: 1728821.
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    285. Khoshoo V, Reifen RM, Gold BD, Sherman PM, Pencharz PB. Nutritional manipulation in the management of dumping syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 1991 Dec; 66(12):1447-8. PMID: 1776896.
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    286. Fried MD, Durie PR, Tsui LC, Corey M, Levison H, Pencharz PB. The cystic fibrosis gene and resting energy expenditure. J Pediatr. 1991 Dec; 119(6):913-6. PMID: 1960606.
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    287. Fried MD, Pencharz PB. Energy and nutrient intakes of children with spastic quadriplegia. J Pediatr. 1991 Dec; 119(6):947-9. PMID: 1960614.
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    288. Vaisman N, Clarke R, Pencharz PB. Nutritional rehabilitation increases resting energy expenditure without affecting protein turnover in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1991 Nov; 13(4):383-90. PMID: 1779312.
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    289. Vaisman N, Rossi MF, Corey M, Clarke R, Goldberg E, Pencharz PB. Effect of refeeding on the energy metabolism of adolescent girls who have anorexia nervosa. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1991 Nov; 45(11):527-37. PMID: 1782924.
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    290. Azcue MP, Pencharz PB, Zello GA. Are the FAO/WHO/UNU predictive equations for resting metabolic rate accurate? Am J Clin Nutr. 1991 Sep; 54(3):613-4. PMID: 1877524.
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    291. Zello GA, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Phenylalanine flux, oxidation, and conversion to tyrosine in humans studied with L-[1-13C]phenylalanine. Am J Physiol. 1990 Dec; 259(6 Pt 1):E835-43. PMID: 2260651.
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    292. Wykes LJ, Ball RO, Menendez CE, Pencharz PB. Urine collection as an alternative to blood sampling: a noninvasive means of determining isotopic enrichment to study amino acid flux in neonates. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1990 Aug; 44(8):605-8. PMID: 2120032.
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    293. Zello GA, Smith JM, Pencharz PB, Ball RO. Development of a heating device for sampling arterialized venous blood from a hand vein. Ann Clin Biochem. 1990 Jul; 27 ( Pt 4):366-72. PMID: 2403236.
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    294. Pencharz PB, Vaisman N, Azcue M, Stallings VA. Body compartment changes in sick children. Basic Life Sci. 1990; 55:31-8. PMID: 2088286.
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    295. Pencharz P, Beesley J, Sauer P, Van Aerde J, Canagarayar U, Renner J, McVey M, Wesson D, Swyer P. Total-body protein turnover in parenterally fed neonates: effects of energy source studied by using [15N]glycine and [1-13C]leucine. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Dec; 50(6):1395-400. PMID: 2512806.
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    296. Pencharz PB. Training in clinical nutrition programs. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Sep; 50(3):558. PMID: 2773836.
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    297. Stallings VA, Vaisman N, Chan HS, Weitzman SS, Hahn E, Pencharz PB. Energy metabolism in children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Res. 1989 Aug; 26(2):154-7. PMID: 2771522.
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    298. Higgins AC, Moxley JE, Pencharz PB, Mikolainis D, Dubois S. Impact of the Higgins Nutrition Intervention Program on birth weight: a within-mother analysis. J Am Diet Assoc. 1989 Aug; 89(8):1097-103. PMID: 2760370.
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    299. Pencharz P, Beesley J, Sauer P, Van Aerde J, Canagarayar U, Renner J, McVey M, Wesson D, Swyer P. A comparison of the estimates of whole-body protein turnover in parenterally fed neonates obtained using three different end products. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1989 Jun; 67(6):624-8. PMID: 2505915.
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    300. Van Aerde JE, Sauer PJ, Pencharz PB, Smith JM, Swyer PR. Effect of replacing glucose with lipid on the energy metabolism of newborn infants. Clin Sci (Lond). 1989 Jun; 76(6):581-8. PMID: 2736877.
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    301. Vaisman N, Stringer DA, Pencharz P. Functional duodenal obstruction (superior mesenteric artery or cast syndrome) in cerebral palsy. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1989 May-Jun; 13(3):326-8. PMID: 2503647.
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    302. Pencharz PB, Clarke R, Papageorgiou A, Farri L. A reappraisal of protein turnover values in neonates fed human milk or formula. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1989 Apr; 67(4):282-6. PMID: 2758371.
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    303. Durie PR, Pencharz PB. A rational approach to the nutritional care of patients with cystic fibrosis. J R Soc Med. 1989; 82 Suppl 16:11-20. PMID: 2657050.
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    304. Pencharz PB, Berall G, Corey M, Durie P, Vaisman N. Energy intake in cystic fibrosis. Nutr Rev. 1989 Jan; 47(1):31-2. PMID: 2704456.
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    305. Archibald EH, Stallings VA, Pencharz PB, Duncan WJ, Williams C. Changes in intraventricular septal thickness, left ventrical wall thickness and left ventricular volume in obese adolescents on a high protein weight reducing diet. Int J Obes. 1989; 13(3):265-9. PMID: 2767879.
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    306. Pencharz PB, Clarke R, Archibald EH, Vaisman N. The effect of a weight-reducing diet on the nitrogen metabolism of obese adolescents. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1988 Dec; 66(12):1469-74. PMID: 3228782.
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    307. Vaisman N, Rossi MF, Goldberg E, Dibden LJ, Wykes LJ, Pencharz PB. Energy expenditure and body composition in patients with anorexia nervosa. J Pediatr. 1988 Nov; 113(5):919-24. PMID: 3183853.
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    308. Vaisman N, Corey M, Rossi MF, Goldberg E, Pencharz P. Changes in body composition during refeeding of patients with anorexia nervosa. J Pediatr. 1988 Nov; 113(5):925-9. PMID: 3183854.
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    309. Pencharz PB. The 1987 Borden Award lecture. Protein metabolism in premature human infants. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1988 Oct; 66(10):1247-52. PMID: 3071393.
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    310. Pencharz PB, Berall G, Vaisman N, Corey M, Canny G. Energy expenditure in children with cystic fibrosis. Lancet. 1988 Aug 27; 2(8609):513-4. PMID: 2900439.
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    311. Stallings VA, Archibald EH, Pencharz PB, Harrison JE, Bell LE. One-year follow-up of weight, total body potassium, and total body nitrogen in obese adolescents treated with the protein-sparing modified fast. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Jul; 48(1):91-4. PMID: 3389334.
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    312. Stallings VA, Archibald EH, Pencharz PB. Potassium, magnesium, and calcium balance in obese adolescents on a protein-sparing modified fast. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Feb; 47(2):220-4. PMID: 3341251.
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    313. Vaisman N, Griffiths A, Pencharz PB. Comparison of nitrogen utilization of two elemental diets in patients with Crohn's disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1988 Jan-Feb; 7(1):84-8. PMID: 3335991.
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    314. Vaisman N, Pencharz PB, Geary DF, Harrison JE. Changes in body composition in children following kidney transplantation. Nephron. 1988; 50(4):282-7. PMID: 3070412.
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    315. Vaisman N, Koren G, Goldstein D, Canny GJ, Tan YK, Soldin S, Pencharz P. Pharmacokinetics of inhaled salbutamol in patients with cystic fibrosis versus healthy young adults. J Pediatr. 1987 Dec; 111(6 Pt 1):914-7. PMID: 3681561.
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    316. Vaisman N, Pencharz PB, Corey M, Canny GJ, Hahn E. Energy expenditure of patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 1987 Oct; 111(4):496-500. PMID: 3655979.
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    317. Vaisman N, Levy LD, Pencharz PB, Tan YK, Soldin SJ, Canny GJ, Hahn E. Effect of salbutamol on resting energy expenditure in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 1987 Jul; 111(1):137-9. PMID: 3598775.
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    318. Vaisman N, Pencharz PB, Koren G, Johnson JK. Comparison of oral and intravenous administration of sodium bromide for extracellular water measurements. Am J Clin Nutr. 1987 Jul; 46(1):1-4. PMID: 3604959.
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    319. Winthrop AL, Wesson DE, Pencharz PB, Jacobs DG, Heim T, Filler RM. Injury severity, whole body protein turnover, and energy expenditure in pediatric trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 1987 Jun; 22(6):534-7. PMID: 3612445.
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    320. Parsons HG, Hill R, Pencharz P, Kuksis A. Modulation of human erythrocyte shape and fatty acids by diet. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Aug 21; 860(2):420-7. PMID: 3741859.
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    321. Sauer PJ, Van Aerde JE, Pencharz PB, Smith JM, Swyer PR. Glucose oxidation rates in newborn infants measured with indirect calorimetry and [U-13C]glucose. Clin Sci (Lond). 1986 Jun; 70(6):587-93. PMID: 3086020.
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    322. Pencharz P, Hill R, Archibald E. Effect of energy repletion on dynamic aspects of protein metabolism of malnourished adolescent and young adult patients with cystic fibrosis during the first 12 days of treatment. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1986 May-Jun; 5(3):388-92. PMID: 3755167.
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    323. Vaiseman N, Koren G, Pencharz P. Pharmacokinetics of oral and intravenous bromide in normal volunteers. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1986; 24(5):403-13. PMID: 3783804.
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    324. Duffy B, Pencharz P. The effect of feeding route (i.v. or oral) on the protein metabolism of the neonate. Am J Clin Nutr. 1986 Jan; 43(1):108-11. PMID: 3079941.
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    325. Levy L, Durie P, Pencharz P, Corey M. Prognostic factors associated with patient survival during nutritional rehabilitation in malnourished children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1986 Jan; 5(1):97-102. PMID: 3080581.
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    326. Duffy B, Pencharz P. The effects of surgery on the nitrogen metabolism of parenterally fed human neonates. Pediatr Res. 1986 Jan; 20(1):32-5. PMID: 3945513.
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    327. Jones PJ, Pencharz PB, Clandinin MT. Whole body oxidation of dietary fatty acids: implications for energy utilization. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Nov; 42(5):769-77. PMID: 3933323.
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    328. Levy LD, Durie PR, Pencharz PB, Corey ML. Effects of long-term nutritional rehabilitation on body composition and clinical status in malnourished children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 1985 Aug; 107(2):225-30. PMID: 3926979.
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    329. Van Aerde JE, Sauer PJ, Pencharz PB, Canagarayar U, Beesley J, Smith JM, Swyer PR. The effect of energy intake and expenditure on the recovery of 13CO2 in the parenterally fed neonate during a 4-hour primed constant infusion of NAH13CO3. Pediatr Res. 1985 Aug; 19(8):806-10. PMID: 3929223.
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    330. Jones PJ, Pencharz PB, Bell L, Clandinin MT. Model for determination of 13C substrate oxidation rates in humans in the fed state. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Jun; 41(6):1277-82. PMID: 3923818.
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    331. Jones PJ, Pencharz PB, Clandinin MT. Absorption of 13C-labeled stearic, oleic, and linoleic acids in humans: application to breath tests. J Lab Clin Med. 1985 Jun; 105(6):647-52. PMID: 3998617.
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    332. Bell L, Chan L, Pencharz PB. Protein-sparing diet for severely obese adolescents: design and use of an equivalency system for menu planning. J Am Diet Assoc. 1985 Apr; 85(4):459-64. PMID: 3980893.
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    333. Zlotkin SH, Stallings VA, Pencharz PB. Total parenteral nutrition in children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1985 Apr; 32(2):381-400. PMID: 3921931.
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    334. Parsons HG, Beaudry P, Pencharz PB. The effect of nutritional rehabilitation on whole body protein metabolism of children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Res. 1985 Feb; 19(2):189-92. PMID: 3982876.
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    335. Wesson DE, Rich RH, Zlotkin SH, Pencharz PB. Fat overload syndrome causing respiratory insufficiency. J Pediatr Surg. 1984 Dec; 19(6):777-8. PMID: 6440970.
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    336. Campbell AN, Freedman MH, Pencharz PB, Zlotkin SH. Bleeding disorder from the "fat overload" syndrome. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1984 Jul-Aug; 8(4):447-9. PMID: 6431136.
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    337. Pencharz P, Hill R, Archibald E, Levy L, Newth C. Energy needs and nutritional rehabilitation in undernourished adolescents and young adult patients with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1984; 3 Suppl 1:S147-53. PMID: 6438297.
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    338. Archibald EH, Harrison JE, Pencharz PB. Effect of a weight-reducing high-protein diet on the body composition of obese adolescents. Am J Dis Child. 1983 Jul; 137(7):658-62. PMID: 6858978.
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    339. Pencharz PB, Farri L, Papageorgiou A. The effects of human milk and low-protein formulae on the rates of total body protein turnover and urinary 3-methyl-histidine excretion of preterm infants. Clin Sci (Lond). 1983 Jun; 64(6):611-6. PMID: 6839667.
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    340. Deckelbaum RJ, Dupont C, LeTarte J, Pencharz P. Primary hypertriglyceridemia in childhood. Am J Dis Child. 1983 Apr; 137(4):396-8. PMID: 6829521.
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    341. Parsons HG, Beaudry P, Dumas A, Pencharz PB. Energy needs and growth in children with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1983; 2(1):44-9. PMID: 6886948.
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    342. Pencharz PB. Energy intakes and low-fat diets in children with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1983; 2(3):400-2. PMID: 6620049.
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    343. Parsons HG, Wood MM, Pencharz PB. Diurnal variation in urine [15N]urea content, estimates of whole body protein turnover, and isotope recycling in healthy meal-fed children with cystic fibrosis. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1983 Jan; 61(1):72-80. PMID: 6682348.
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    344. Gillis J, Jones G, Pencharz P. Delivery of vitamins A, D, and E in total parenteral nutrition solutions. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1983 Jan-Feb; 7(1):11-4. PMID: 6403727.
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    345. Pencharz PB. Total parenteral nutrition in children. Can J Hosp Pharm. 1983; 36(1):10, 20. PMID: 10310170.
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    346. Pencharz PB. Making a nutritional assessment. Can Med Assoc J. 1982 Nov 01; 127(9):823-5. PMID: 7139499.
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    347. Gillis J, Murphy FR, Boxall LB, Pencharz PB. Biotin deficiency in a child on long-term TPN. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1982 Jul-Aug; 6(4):308-10. PMID: 6813517.
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    348. Pencharz PB. Maternal nutrition and outcome of pregnancy. Can Med Assoc J. 1981 Sep 15; 125(6):529-31. PMID: 7284931.
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    349. Pencharz PB, Masson M, Desgranges F, Papageorgiou A. Total-body protein turnover in human premature neonates: effects of birth weight, intra-uterine nutritional status and diet. Clin Sci (Lond). 1981 Aug; 61(2):207-15. PMID: 7261544.
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    350. Duffy B, Gunn T, Collinge J, Pencharz P. The effect of varying protein quality and energy intake on the nitrogen metabolism of parenterally fed very low birthweight (less than 1600 g) infants. Pediatr Res. 1981 Jul; 15(7):1040-4. PMID: 6789293.
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    351. Pencharz PB, Parsons H, Motil K, Duffy B. Total body protein turnover and growth in children: is it a futile cycle? Med Hypotheses. 1981 Feb; 7(2):155-60. PMID: 7219242.
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    352. Parsons HG, Pencharz PB. Linoleic acid supplementation. Pediatrics. 1980 Nov; 66(5):812-3. PMID: 7432894.
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    353. Pencharz PB, Motil KJ, Parsons HG, Duffy BJ. The effect of an energy-restricted diet on the protein metabolism of obese adolescents: nitrogen-balance and whole-body nitrogen turnover. Clin Sci (Lond). 1980 Jul; 59(1):13-8. PMID: 7471641.
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    354. Parsons HG, Francoeur TE, Howland P, Spengler RF, Pencharz PB. The nutritional status of hospitalized children. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 May; 33(5):1140-6. PMID: 7369161.
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    355. Parsons HG, Pencharz PB. Intestinal lymphangiectasia and colonic polyps: surgical intervention. J Pediatr Surg. 1979 Oct; 14(5):530-2. PMID: 512793.
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    356. Motil KJ, Kaplan BS, Pencharz PB. Adopted children entering Canada from underdeveloped countries. Can Med Assoc J. 1979 Aug 18; 121(4):403. PMID: 466613.
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    357. Higgins AC, Moxley JE, Pencharz PB, Maughan GB. Prenatal nutrition and birth weight: experiments and quasi experiments in the past decade. J Reprod Med. 1979 Jun; 22(6):67. PMID: 469868.
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    358. Pencharz P, Jeejeebhoy K. Regulation of whole-body protein synthesis. Lancet. 1979 May 19; 1(8125):1087. PMID: 86812.
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    359. Roy CC, Myres AW, Ste-Marie MT, Pencharz P, Haworth J. The rediscovery of breast feeding. Can Med Assoc J. 1978 Jul 22; 119(2):109-13. PMID: 567092.
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    360. Ahronheim GA, Pencharz PB. Breast-feeding in baby with loose teeth. JAMA. 1978 Mar 27; 239(13):1282-3. PMID: 633528.
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    361. Gunn T, Brown RS, Pencharz P, Colle E. Total parenteral nutrition in malnourished infants with intractable diarrhea. Can Med Assoc J. 1977 Aug 20; 117(4):357-60. PMID: 407999.
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    362. Pencharz PB, Steffee WP, Cochran W, Scrimshaw NS, Rand WM, Young VR. Protein metabolism in human neonates: nitrogen-balance studies, estimated obligatory losses of nitrogen and whole-body turnover of nitrogen. Clin Sci Mol Med. 1977 May; 52(5):485-98. PMID: 862342.
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    363. Dobell AR, Reddy PP, Kavey RE, Pencharz PB. Severe feeding difficulty in infants with increased pulmonary blood flow. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1976 Aug; 72(2):303-5. PMID: 1066514.
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    364. Steffee WP, Goldsmith RS, Pencharz PB, Scrimshaw NS, Young VR. Dietary protein intake and dynamic aspects of whole body nitrogen metabolism in adult humans. Metabolism. 1976 Mar; 25(3):281-97. PMID: 1250163.
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    365. Young VR, Steffee WP, Pencharz PB, Winterer JC, Scrimshaw NS. Total human body protein synthesis in relation to protein requirements at various ages. Nature. 1975 Jan 17; 253(5488):192-4. PMID: 1110767.
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    366. Taylor YS, Young VR, Murray E, Pencharz PB, Scrimshaw NS. Daily protein and meal patterns affecting young men fed adequate and restricted energy intakes. Am J Clin Nutr. 1973 Nov; 26(11):1216-23. PMID: 4748182.
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