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Patricia Parkin

TitleStaff Paediatrician (F-T)
InstitutionThe Hospital for Sick Children
DepartmentPaediatric Medicine Division
Address555 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1X8
Phone416-813-1500
vCardDownload vCard

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    McMaster University, Hamilton, OntarioMD1982Medicine
    The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, OntarioFRCPC1987Pediatrics
    SickKids / McMaster University, Hamilton, OntarioDuncan Gordon Fellowship1988Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics
    Collapse awards and honors
    1995Harry Bain Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, SickKids
    1999Harry Bain Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, SickKids
    2009Harry Bain Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, SickKids
    2012Physician Research Award for Career Excellence, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, SickKids
    2013Faculty Mentorship Award, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, SickKids
    2014POWER Teacher Award, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, SickKids

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Patricia C. Parkin, MD, FRCPC is a Professor with the Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, a Senior Associate Scientist in Child Health Evaluative Sciences at the Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, and the Research Director of the Division of Pediatric Medicine at the Hospital for Sick Children. She is an attending physician on the Pediatric Medicine Inpatient Unit and in the Pediatric Neurofibromatosis Clinic at the Hospital for Sick Children. Her research focuses on advancing the evidence base in pediatrics with two broad themes: prevention and promotion of children’s health and safety (TARGet Kids!), and hospital pediatric practice.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
         (Parkin PC)
    Danone Institute of Canada
    The association between prolonged bottle feeding and iron depletion in toddlers
    Role: Principal Investigator

         (Parkin PC, Macarthur C)
    Ontario Ministry of Transportation
    Evaluation of a bicycle skills training intervention in children
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

         (Parshuram C)
    CIHR
    The bedside paediatric early warning system: a cluster randomized controlled trial of mortality and processes of care
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Maguire JL)
    St. Michael’s Hospital Foundation
    The TARGet Kids! research study
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Kwong JC (nominated)
    CIHR
    Evaluation of Ontario's universal influenza immunization program
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Maguire JL, Parkin PC)
    Dairy Farmers of Ontario
    Vitamin D deficiency in urban Canadian toddlers: a study of prevalence and risk factors
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

         (Parkin PC)
    CIHR
    OptEC: Optimizing Early Child Development in the primary care physician practice setting: pragmatic RCT of iron treatment for young children with non-anemic iron deficiency
    Role: Principal Investigator

         (Zlotkin S, Parkin PC)
    Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, a partnership between the Canadian Paediatric Society and the Public Health Agency of Canada
    Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program: Severe iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

         (Mahant S)
    Hospital for Sick Children, Paediatric Consultants Partnerships for Creative Professional Activity
    Choosing Wisely: Using implementation science to understand the scalability of intermittent oxygen monitoring for bronchiolitis hospital care
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Ball G (nominated)
    CIHR
    Team to address bariatric case in Canadian children (Team ABC3)
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Birken CS)
    Physicians' Services Incorporated Foundation
    PROMOTE: Preschoolers at risk-obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors: towards early identification
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Parkin PC)
    Ontario Child Health Support Unit Demonstration Projects
    Optimizing growth and developmental trajectories in early childhood through a primary care practice based research network – TARGet Kids! (The Applied Research Group for Kids)
    Role: Principal Investigator

         (Howard A)
    Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation
    Crash protection for children
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (McCrindle B (nominated)
    CIHR
    CIHR Emerging Team in Childhood Obesity Research
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Lewis S)
    Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, New Ideas Grant
    Palindromy at the NF1 locus as a risk factor for NF1-associated malignancy
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Parkin PC)
    Danone Institute of Canada
    Nutritional education and the prevention of iron depletion in children 9 months to 2 years: a randomized controlled trial
    Role: Principal Investigator

         (Schuh S)
    Physicians Services Inc (PSI) Foundation
    Suctioning of NOse Therapy (SNOT) versus usual home care in bronchiolitis – a randomized clinical trial
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Parkin PC, Ipp M)Jul 1, 1998 - Jun 30, 1999
    American Academy of Pediatrics Research in Pediatric Practice Fund
    The association between influenza virus and acute episodes of wheezing in asthmatic children - a case-control study
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

         (Parkin PC, Dell S)Jul 1, 1999 - Jun 30, 2001
    Hospital for Sick Children, Pediatric Consultants
    Efficacy of salbutamol administered to hospitalized children via a vented versus an unvented jet nebulizer: a pilot study
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

         (Parkin PC)Jul 1, 1999 - Jun 30, 2004
    Hospital for Sick Children Foundation
    Pediatric Outcomes Research
    Role: Principal Investigator

         (Baruchel S, Parkin PC)Jul 1, 2000 - Jun 30, 2002
    Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Seed grant
    Angiogenesis (bFGF, VEGF) and RAS activation in neurofibromatosis type 1 associated plexiform neurofibroma
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

         (Parkin PC)Jul 1, 2008 - Jun 30, 2022
    Hospital for Sick Children Foundation
    Pediatric Outcomes Research
    Role: Principal Investigator

         (Birken CS)Mar 1, 2016 - Feb 28, 2019
    Ontario Child Health Support Unit (OCHSU) IMPACT Child Health Award
    Addressing obesity in toddlers at risk: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial comparing usual care to group-based parenting and home visits in primary care
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Mahant S)Jul 1, 2016 - Jun 30, 2019
    CIHR
    Intermittent vs. continuous oxygen saturation monitoring in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis: a randomized controlled trial
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Maguire JL)Feb 1, 2017 - Jan 31, 2022
    CIHR
    Capacity building in innovative clinical trials to optimize children’s physical, mental and educational wellbeing
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Anderson LN)Apr 1, 2017 - Mar 31, 2019
    CIHR
    Impact of the Healthy Kids Community Challenge (HKCC) population health intervention on sugar intake and child health
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Dennis DL, Birken CS, June P)Jul 1, 2017 - Jun 30, 2027
    CIHR
    TRajectories Of healthy life using Public Health and primary care Interventions in Canada: The TROPHIC Trial
    Role: Co-Investigator

         (Li P, Constantin E)Nov 1, 2017 - Oct 31, 2018
    The Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre & Montreal Children's Hospital Foundation
    The impact of high free sugar intake on the gut microbiome, obesity, and cardiometabolic risks: a novel study in preschool-aged children
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Oatley H, Borkhoff CM, Chen S, Macarthur C, Persaud N, Birken CS, Maguire JL, Parkin PC. Screening for Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood Using Serum Ferritin in the Primary Care Setting. Pediatrics. 2018 Dec; 142(6). PMID: 30487142.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Hueniken K, Aglipay M, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Loeb MB, Thorpe KE, Dai DWH, Laupacis A, Mamdani M, Mazzulli T, Maguire JL. Effect of High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation on Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Symptom Severity in Healthy Children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Nov 05. PMID: 30399024.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Beck CE, Carcao M, Cada M, Porter S, Blanchette VS, Parkin PC. A Quality Improvement Bundle to Improve Informed Choice for Children With Typical, Newly Diagnosed Immune Thrombocytopenia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2018 Nov; 40(8):e537-e543. PMID: 30028824.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Lara-Corrales I, Huang CM, Parkin PC, Rubio-Gomez GA, Posso-De Los Rios CJ, Maguire J, Pope E. Vitamin D Level and Supplementation in Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Cutan Med Surg. 2018 Oct 18; 1203475418805744. PMID: 30336685.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Bayoumi I, Parkin PC, Lebovic G, Patel R, Link K, Birken CS, Maguire JL, Borkhoff CM. Iron deficiency among low income Canadian toddlers: a cross-sectional feasibility study in a Community Health Centre and non-Community Health Centre sites. BMC Fam Pract. 2018 Sep 24; 19(1):161. PMID: 30249193.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Marwaha A, Malach J, Shugar A, Hedges S, Weinstein M, Parkin PC, Pope E, Lara-Corrales I, Kannu P. Genotype-phenotype data from a case series of patients with mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1. Br J Dermatol. 2018 Nov; 179(5):1216-1217. PMID: 29957862.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Persaud N, Laupacis A, Azarpazhooh A, Birken C, Hoch JS, Isaranuwatchai W, Maguire JL, Mamdani MM, Thorpe K, Allen C, Mason D, Kowal C, Bazeghi F, Parkin P. Xylitol for the prevention of acute otitis media episodes in children aged 2-4 years: protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2018 Aug 05; 8(8):e020941. PMID: 30082349.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Borkhoff CM, Dai DWH, Jairam JA, Wong PD, Cox KA, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Macarthur C, Parkin PC. Breastfeeding to 12 mo and beyond: nutrition outcomes at 3 to 5 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 Aug 01; 108(2):354-362. PMID: 30101330.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Omand JA, To T, O'Connor DL, Parkin PC, Birken CS, Thorpe KE, Maguire JL. 25-hydroxyvitamin D and health service utilization for asthma in early childhood. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2018 Aug; 53(8):1018-1026. PMID: 29905403.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Satkunam M, Anderson LN, Carsley S, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Sprague AE, Ball GDC, Birken CS. Severe obesity in children 17 to 24 months of age: a cross-sectional study of TARGet Kids! and Better Outcomes Registry & Network (BORN) Ontario. Can J Public Health. 2018 Aug; 109(4):489-497. PMID: 29981101.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Mahant S, Wahi G, Giglia L, Pound C, Kanani R, Bayliss A, Roy M, Sakran M, Kozlowski N, Breen-Reid K, Lavigne M, Premji L, Moretti ME, Willan AR, Schuh S, Parkin PC. Intermittent versus continuous oxygen saturation monitoring for infants hospitalised with bronchiolitis: study protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2018 04 20; 8(4):e022707. PMID: 29678995.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Parkin PC, Borkhoff CM. Practical tips for paediatricians: Assessment and management of young children with iron deficiency. Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Nov; 23(7):433-434. PMID: 30374217.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Eny KM, Chen S, Anderson LN, Chen Y, Lebovic G, Pullenayegum E, Parkin PC, Maguire JL, Birken CS. Breastfeeding duration, maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early childhood. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 Apr 01; 107(4):584-592. PMID: 29635496.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Parshuram CS, Dryden-Palmer K, Farrell C, Gottesman R, Gray M, Hutchison JS, Helfaer M, Hunt EA, Joffe AR, Lacroix J, Moga MA, Nadkarni V, Ninis N, Parkin PC, Wensley D, Willan AR, Tomlinson GA. Effect of a Pediatric Early Warning System on All-Cause Mortality in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients: The EPOCH Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018 03 13; 319(10):1002-1012. PMID: 29486493.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Carsley S, Birken CS, Parkin P, Pullenayegum E, Tu K. Completeness and accuracy of anthropometric measurements in electronic medical records for children attending primary care. J Innov Health Inform. 2018 Mar 09; 25(1):963. PMID: 29717951.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Fuller A, Maguire JL, Carsley S, Chen Y, Lebovic G, Omand J, Parkin P, Birken CS. Difficulty buying food, BMI, and eating habits in young children. Can J Public Health. 2018 01 22; 108(5-6):e497-e502. PMID: 29356655.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Wong PD, Anderson LN, Dai DDW, Parkin PC, Maguire JL, Birken CS. The Association of Breastfeeding Duration and Early Childhood Cardiometabolic Risk. J Pediatr. 2018 Jan; 192:80-85.e1. PMID: 29246362.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Albaum JM, Carsley S, Chen Y, Dai DWH, Lebovic G, McCrindle BW, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Persistent High Non-High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Early Childhood: A Latent Class Growth Model Analysis. J Pediatr. 2017 Dec; 191:152-157. PMID: 29173300.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Korczak DJ, Madigan S, Colasanto M, Szatmari P, Chen Y, Maguire J, Parkin P, Birken CS. The longitudinal association between temperament and physical activity in young children. Prev Med. 2018 Jun; 111:342-347. PMID: 29197529.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Anderson LN, Carsley S, Lebovic G, Borkhoff CM, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Misclassification of child body mass index from cut-points defined by rounded percentiles instead of Z-scores. BMC Res Notes. 2017 Nov 28; 10(1):639. PMID: 29183360.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Bakel LA, Hamid J, Ewusie J, Liu K, Mussa J, Straus S, Parkin P, Cohen E. International Variation in Asthma and Bronchiolitis Guidelines. Pediatrics. 2017 Nov; 140(5). PMID: 29070533.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Carsley S, Birken CS, Tu K, Pullenayegum E, Parkin PC. Examining growth monitoring practices for children in primary care. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Apr; 103(4):406-407. PMID: 29074730.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Parkin PC, Hamid J, Borkhoff CM, Abdullah K, Atenafu EG, Birken CS, Maguire JL, Azad A, Higgins V, Adeli K. Laboratory reference intervals in the assessment of iron status in young children. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2017; 1(1):e000074. PMID: 29637115.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Persaud N, Ziai H, Lebovic G, Maguire JL, Khovratovich M, Simpson JAR, Adeli K, Hamilton J, McCrindle BW, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Parent reported nutritional risk and laboratory indices of cardiometabolic risk and in preschool-aged children. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Aug 28; 30(8):839-846. PMID: 28723611.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Sharp JR, Maguire JL, Carsley S, Abdullah K, Chen Y, Perrin EM, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Temperament Is Associated With Outdoor Free Play in Young Children: A TARGet Kids! Study. Acad Pediatr. 2018 May - Jun; 18(4):445-451. PMID: 28842293.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Aglipay M, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Loeb MB, Thorpe K, Chen Y, Laupacis A, Mamdani M, Macarthur C, Hoch JS, Mazzulli T, Maguire JL. Effect of High-Dose vs Standard-Dose Wintertime Vitamin D Supplementation on Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Young Healthy Children. JAMA. 2017 Jul 18; 318(3):245-254. PMID: 28719693.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Anderson LN, Heong SW, Chen Y, Thorpe KE, Adeli K, Howard A, Sochett E, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Maguire JL. Vitamin D and Fracture Risk in Early Childhood: A Case-Control Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2017 06 15; 185(12):1255-1262. PMID: 28459987.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Carsley SE, Anderson LN, Plumptre L, Parkin PC, Maguire JL, Birken CS. Severe Obesity, Obesity, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Children 0 to 6 Years of Age. Child Obes. 2017 Oct; 13(5):415-424. PMID: 30418801.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Omand JA, To T, O'Connor DL, Parkin PC, Birken CS, Thorpe KE, Maguire JL. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D supplementation and health-service utilization for upper respiratory tract infection in young children. Public Health Nutr. 2017 Jul; 20(10):1816-1824. PMID: 28578751.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Ryckman K, Richmond SA, Anderson LN, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Macarthur C, Maguire JL, Howard AW. Temperament and fracture in preschool-aged children. Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Jul; 22(4):195-198. PMID: 29479213.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Lara-Corrales I, Moazzami M, García-Romero MT, Pope E, Parkin P, Shugar A, Kannu P. Mosaic Neurofibromatosis Type 1 in Children: A Single-Institution Experience. J Cutan Med Surg. 2017 Sep/Oct; 21(5):379-382. PMID: 28448720.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Plumptre L, Anderson LN, Chen Y, Carsley S, Narang I, Hamilton J, McCrindle B, Parkin PC, Maguire JL, Birken CS. Longitudinal Analysis of Sleep Duration and Cardiometabolic Risk in Young Children. Child Obes. 2017 Aug; 13(4):291-299. PMID: 30433827.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Abdullah K, Birken CS, Maguire JL, Fehlings D, Hanley AJ, Thorpe KE, Parkin PC. Re-Evaluation of Serum Ferritin Cut-Off Values for the Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in Children Aged 12-36 Months. J Pediatr. 2017 Sep; 188:287-290. PMID: 28431746.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Wong PD, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Venu I, Chen Y, Schroth RJ, Maguire JL. Total Breast-Feeding Duration and Dental Caries in Healthy Urban Children. Acad Pediatr. 2017 04; 17(3):310-315. PMID: 28385327.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Carsley S, Liang LY, Chen Y, Parkin P, Maguire J, Birken CS. The impact of daycare attendance on outdoor free play in young children. J Public Health (Oxf). 2017 03 01; 39(1):145-152. PMID: 26860698.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Thombs BD, Jaramillo Garcia A, Reid D, Pottie K, Parkin P, Kate M, Tonelli M. Recommendations on behavioural interventions for the prevention and treatment of cigarette smoking among school-aged children and youth. CMAJ. 2017 02 27; 189(8):E310-E316. PMID: 28246224.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Liy-Wong C, Mohammed J, Carleton A, Pope E, Parkin P, Lara-Corrales I. The relationship between neurofibromatosis type 1, juvenile xanthogranuloma, and malignancy: A retrospective case-control study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 Jun; 76(6):1084-1087. PMID: 28189268.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Korczak DJ, Ofner M, LeBlanc J, Wong S, Feldman M, Parkin PC. Major Depressive Disorder Among Preadolescent Canadian Children: Rare Disorder or Rarely Detected? Acad Pediatr. 2017 03; 17(2):191-197. PMID: 27989927.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Vanderhout SM, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Lebovic G, Chen Y, O'Connor DL, Maguire JL. Relation between milk-fat percentage, vitamin D, and BMI z score in early childhood. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 12; 104(6):1657-1664. PMID: 27852618.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Rothman L, Macpherson AK, Howard A, Parkin PC, Richmond SA, Birken CS. Direct observations of active school transportation and stroller use in kindergarten children. Prev Med Rep. 2016 Dec; 4:558-562. PMID: 27818914.
      View in: PubMed
    41. van den Heuvel M, Borkhoff CM, Koroshegyi C, Zabih W, Reijneveld SA, Maguire J, Birken C, Parkin P. Diagnostic accuracy of developmental screening in primary care at the 18-month health supervision visit: a cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open. 2016 Oct-Dec; 4(4):E634-E640. PMID: 28018875.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Johnston BC, Goldenberg JZ, Parkin PC. Probiotics and the Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Infants and Children. JAMA. 2016 Oct 11; 316(14):1484-1485. PMID: 27727371.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Anderson LN, Maguire JL, Lebovic G, Hanley AJ, Hamilton J, Adeli K, McCrindle BW, Borkhoff CM, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Duration of Fasting, Serum Lipids, and Metabolic Profile in Early Childhood. J Pediatr. 2017 01; 180:47-52.e1. PMID: 27742126.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Saunders NR, Parkin PC, Birken CS, Maguire JL, Borkhoff CM. Iron status of young children from immigrant families. Arch Dis Child. 2016 Dec; 101(12):1130-1136. PMID: 27582457.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Mahant S, Parkin PC. Apnea in Bronchiolitis: Challenges of Studying an Uncommon Complication of a Common Condition. J Pediatr. 2016 10; 177:11-12. PMID: 27423173.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Furlong KR, Anderson LN, Kang H, Lebovic G, Parkin PC, Maguire JL, O'Connor DL, Birken CS. BMI-for-Age and Weight-for-Length in Children 0 to 2 Years. Pediatrics. 2016 07; 138(1). PMID: 27343232.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Lee GJ, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Lebovic G, Chen Y, L'Abbe MR, Maguire JL, Maguire JL. Goat's Milk, Plant-based Milk, Cow's Milk, and Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D Levels in Early Childhood. Epidemiology. 2016 07; 27(4):e29-31. PMID: 27046131.
      View in: PubMed
    48. van den Heuvel M, Chen Y, Abdullah K, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS. The concurrent and longitudinal associations of temperament and nutritional risk factors in early childhood. Pediatr Obes. 2017 12; 12(6):431-438. PMID: 27273610.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Kaiser SV, Huynh T, Bacharier LB, Rosenthal JL, Bakel LA, Parkin PC, Cabana MD. Preventing Exacerbations in Preschoolers With Recurrent Wheeze: A Meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2016 06; 137(6). PMID: 27230765.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Principi T, Coates AL, Parkin PC, Stephens D, DaSilva Z, Schuh S. Effect of Oxygen Desaturations on Subsequent Medical Visits in Infants Discharged From the Emergency Department With Bronchiolitis. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 06 01; 170(6):602-8. PMID: 26928704.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Aliarzadeh B, Meaney C, Moineddin R, White D, Birken C, Parkin P, Greiver M. Hypertension screening and follow-up in children and adolescents in a Canadian primary care population sample: a retrospective cohort studystudy. CMAJ Open. 2016 Apr-Jun; 4(2):E230-5. PMID: 27398368; PMCID: PMC4933603.
    52. Tonelli M, Parkin P, Brauer P, Leduc D, Pottie K, Jaramillo Garcia A, Martin W, Connor Gorber S, Ugnat AM, Ofner M, Thombs BD. Recommendations on screening for developmental delay. CMAJ. 2016 05 17; 188(8):579-87. PMID: 27026672.
      View in: PubMed
    53. DeGroot J, Anderson LN, Chen Y, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Carsley S, Khovratovich M, Mamdani M, Maguire JL. Mandatory labeling requirements and over-the-counter cough and cold medication use in early childhood. Can J Public Health. 2016 Mar 16; 106(8):e477-82. PMID: 26986907.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Darmawikarta D, Chen Y, Lebovic G, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Maguire JL. Total Duration of Breastfeeding, Vitamin D Supplementation, and Serum Levels of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D. Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr; 106(4):714-9. PMID: 26890167.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Cox KA, Parkin PC, Anderson LN, Chen Y, Birken CS, Maguire JL, Macarthur C, Borkhoff CM. Association Between Meat and Meat-Alternative Consumption and Iron Stores in Early Childhood. Acad Pediatr. 2016 Nov - Dec; 16(8):783-791. PMID: 26804490.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Vanderhout SM, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Lebovic G, Chen Y, O'Connor DL, Maguire JL. Higher milk fat content is associated with higher 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in early childhood. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 May; 41(5):516-21. PMID: 27138972.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Goldenberg JZ, Lytvyn L, Steurich J, Parkin P, Mahant S, Johnston BC. Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Dec 22; (12):CD004827. PMID: 26695080.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Saunders NR, To T, Parkin PC, Guttmann A. Emergency Department Revisits by Urban Immigrant Children in Canada: A Population-Based Cohort Study. J Pediatr. 2016 Mar; 170:218-26. PMID: 26711849.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Anderson LN, Lebovic G, Hamilton J, Hanley AJ, McCrindle BW, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, and the Clustering of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Early Childhood. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2016 Mar; 30(2):160-70. PMID: 26645704.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Sarker H, Anderson LN, Borkhoff CM, Abreo K, Tremblay MS, Lebovic G, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Validation of parent-reported physical activity and sedentary time by accelerometry in young children. BMC Res Notes. 2015 Nov 30; 8:735. PMID: 26621253; PMCID: PMC4666154.
    61. Borkhoff CM, Heale LD, Anderson LN, Tremblay MS, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Objectively measured physical activity of young Canadian children using accelerometry. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2015 Dec; 40(12):1302-8. PMID: 26573442.
      View in: PubMed
    62. García-Romero MT, Parkin P, Lara-Corrales I. Mosaic Neurofibromatosis Type 1: A Systematic Review. Pediatr Dermatol. 2016 Jan-Feb; 33(1):9-17. PMID: 26338194.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Ducharme FM, Jensen ME, Mendelson MJ, Parkin PC, Desplats E, Zhang X, Platt R. Asthma Flare-up Diary for Young Children to monitor the severity of exacerbations. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Mar; 137(3):744-9.e6. PMID: 26341275.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Birken CS, Lichtblau B, Lenton-Brym T, Tucker P, Maguire JL, Parkin PC, Mahant S. Parents' perception of stroller use in young children: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2015 Aug 20; 15:808. PMID: 26289426; PMCID: PMC4546049.
    65. Abdullah K, Thorpe KE, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Fehlings D, Hanley AJ, Parkin PC. Risk factors, practice variation and hematological outcomes of children identified with non-anemic iron deficiency following screening in primary care setting. Paediatr Child Health. 2015 Aug-Sep; 20(6):302-6. PMID: 26435669; PMCID: PMC4578469.
    66. Birken CS, Lebovic G, Anderson LN, McCrindle BW, Mamdani M, Kandasamy S, Khovratovich M, Parkin PC, Maguire JL. Association between Vitamin D and Circulating Lipids in Early Childhood. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0131938. PMID: 26176958.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Abdullah K, Thorpe KE, Mamak E, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Fehlings D, Hanley AJ, Macarthur C, Zlotkin SH, Parkin PC. An internal pilot study for a randomized trial aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of iron interventions in children with non-anemic iron deficiency: the OptEC trial. Trials. 2015 Jul 14; 16:303. PMID: 26170014; PMCID: PMC4501099.
    68. Parshuram CS, Dryden-Palmer K, Farrell C, Gottesman R, Gray M, Hutchison JS, Helfaer M, Hunt E, Joffe A, Lacroix J, Nadkarni V, Parkin P, Wensley D, Willan AR. Evaluating processes of care and outcomes of children in hospital (EPOCH): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015 Jun 02; 16:245. PMID: 26033094; PMCID: PMC4458338.
    69. Parkin PC, DeGroot J, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Zlotkin S. Severe iron-deficiency anaemia and feeding practices in young children. Public Health Nutr. 2016 Mar; 19(4):716-22. PMID: 26027426.
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    70. Anderson LN, Chen Y, Omand JA, Birken CS, Parkin PC, To T, Maguire JL. Vitamin D exposure during pregnancy, but not early childhood, is associated with risk of childhood wheezing. J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2015 Aug; 6(4):308-16. PMID: 25885931.
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    71. Abdullah K, Thorpe KE, Mamak E, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Fehlings D, Hanley AJ, Macarthur C, Zlotkin SH, Parkin PC. Optimizing early child development for young children with non-anemic iron deficiency in the primary care practice setting (OptEC): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015 Apr 02; 16:132. PMID: 25873050; PMCID: PMC4389731.
    72. Parkin P, Connor Gorber S, Shaw E, Bell N, Jaramillo A, Tonelli M, Brauer P. Recommendations for growth monitoring, and prevention and management of overweight and obesity in children and youth in primary care. CMAJ. 2015 04 07; 187(6):411-21. PMID: 25824498.
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    73. Wong PD, Dave MG, Tulloch T, Feldman ML, Ford-Jones EL, Parkin PC, Tetley A, Moodie RG. Community health centres: Potential opportunities for community paediatrics. From interprofessional clinical care to board governance. Paediatr Child Health. 2015 Jan-Feb; 20(1):12-4. PMID: 25722635; PMCID: PMC4333746.
    74. Warrington NM, Sun T, Luo J, McKinstry RC, Parkin PC, Ganzhorn S, Spoljaric D, Albers AC, Merkelson A, Stewart DR, Stevenson DA, Viskochil D, Druley TE, Forys JT, Reilly KM, Fisher MJ, Tabori U, Allen JC, Schiffman JD, Gutmann DH, Rubin JB. The cyclic AMP pathway is a sex-specific modifier of glioma risk in type I neurofibromatosis patients. Cancer Res. 2015 Jan 01; 75(1):16-21. PMID: 25381154; PMCID: PMC4286430.
    75. Lee GJ, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Lebovic G, Chen Y, L'Abbé MR, Maguire JL. Consumption of non-cow's milk beverages and serum vitamin D levels in early childhood. CMAJ. 2014 Nov 18; 186(17):1287-93. PMID: 25332367.
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    76. Beck CE, Boydell KM, Stasiulis E, Blanchette VS, Llewellyn-Thomas H, Birken CS, Breakey VR, Parkin PC. Shared decision making in the management of children with newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2014 Oct; 36(7):559-65. PMID: 24577546.
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    77. McMullen JA, Mahant S, DeGroot JM, Stephens D, Parkin PC. Predictors of long length of stay in infants hospitalized with urinary tract infection. Hosp Pediatr. 2014 Sep; 4(5):291-7. PMID: 25318111.
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    78. Schuh S, Freedman S, Coates A, Allen U, Parkin PC, Stephens D, Ungar W, DaSilva Z, Willan AR. Effect of oximetry on hospitalization in bronchiolitis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Aug 20; 312(7):712-8. PMID: 25138332.
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    79. Carsley S, Borkhoff CM, Maguire JL, Birken CS, Khovratovich M, McCrindle B, Macarthur C, Parkin PC. Cohort Profile: The Applied Research Group for Kids (TARGet Kids!). Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Jun; 44(3):776-88. PMID: 24982016; PMCID: PMC4521122.
    80. Darmawikarta D, Chen Y, Carsley S, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Schroth RJ, Maguire JL. Factors associated with dental care utilization in early childhood. Pediatrics. 2014 Jun; 133(6):e1594-600. PMID: 24799544.
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    81. Erdle SC, Birken CS, Parkin PC, Urquia ML, Maguire JL. Poor agreement between family-level and neighborhood-level income measures among urban families with children. J Clin Epidemiol. 2014 Jul; 67(7):838-40. PMID: 24751177.
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    82. Maguire JL, Birken C, Thorpe KE, Sochett EB, Parkin PC. Parathyroid hormone as a functional indicator of vitamin D sufficiency in children. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Apr; 168(4):383-5. PMID: 24535147.
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    83. Maguire JL, Birken CS, Loeb MB, Mamdani M, Thorpe K, Hoch JS, Mazzulli T, Borkhoff CM, Macarthur C, Parkin PC. DO IT Trial: vitamin D Outcomes and Interventions in Toddlers - a TARGet Kids! randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2014 Feb 08; 14:37. PMID: 24506910; PMCID: PMC3942179.
    84. Parkin PC, Degroot J, Macpherson A, Fuselli P, Macarthur C. Canadian parents' attitudes and beliefs about bicycle helmet legislation in provinces with and without legislation. Chronic Dis Inj Can. 2014 Feb; 34(1):8-11. PMID: 24618376.
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    85. Omand JA, Carsley S, Darling PB, Parkin PC, Birken CS, Urquia ML, Khovratovich M, Maguire JL. Evaluating the accuracy of a geographic closed-ended approach to ethnicity measurement, a practical alternative. Ann Epidemiol. 2014 Apr; 24(4):246-53. PMID: 24529516.
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    86. Lenane P, Macarthur C, Parkin PC, Krafchik B, DeGroot J, Khambalia A, Pope E. Clobetasol propionate, 0.05%, vs hydrocortisone, 1%, for alopecia areata in children: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2014 Jan; 150(1):47-50. PMID: 24226568.
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    87. Freedman SB, DeGroot JM, Parkin PC. Successful discharge of children with gastroenteritis requiring intravenous rehydration. J Emerg Med. 2014 Jan; 46(1):9-20. PMID: 23993936.
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    88. Parkin PC, Maguire JL. Iron deficiency in early childhood. CMAJ. 2013 Oct 01; 185(14):1237-8. PMID: 23922344; PMCID: PMC3787170.
    89. Persaud N, Maguire JL, Lebovic G, Carsley S, Khovratovich M, Randall Simpson JA, McCrindle BW, Parkin PC, Birken C. Association between serum cholesterol and eating behaviours during early childhood: a cross-sectional study. CMAJ. 2013 Aug 06; 185(11):E531-6. PMID: 23775611; PMCID: PMC3735770.
    90. Omand JA, Darling PB, Parkin PC, Birken CS, Khovratovich M, Thorpe KE, Carsley S, DeGroot J, Maguire JL. Non-Western immigrant children have lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D than children from Western families. Public Health Nutr. 2014 Jul; 17(7):1547-54. PMID: 23701731.
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    91. Maguire JL, Salehi L, Birken CS, Carsley S, Mamdani M, Thorpe KE, Lebovic G, Khovratovich M, Parkin PC. Association between total duration of breastfeeding and iron deficiency. Pediatrics. 2013 May; 131(5):e1530-7. PMID: 23589818.
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    92. Birken CS, Khambalia A, Dupuis A, Pastor A, Lee M, Padavattan K, Mekky M, Odame I, Parkin PC. Morphine is associated with acute chest syndrome in children hospitalized with sickle cell disease. Hosp Pediatr. 2013 Apr; 3(2):149-55. PMID: 24340416.
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    93. Maguire JL, Birken CS, Khovratovich M, Degroot J, Carsley S, Thorpe KE, Mamdani M, Parkin PC. Modifiable determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in early childhood: opportunities for prevention. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Mar 01; 167(3):230-5. PMID: 23318560.
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    94. Kulik DM, Mekky M, Yang M, Bitnun A, Parkin PC. Should a hospitalized child receive empiric treatment with acyclovir? Ital J Pediatr. 2012 Dec 17; 38:72. PMID: 23244394; PMCID: PMC3541113.
    95. Maguire JL, Lebovic G, Kandasamy S, Khovratovich M, Mamdani M, Birken CS, Parkin PC. The relationship between cow's milk and stores of vitamin D and iron in early childhood. Pediatrics. 2013 Jan; 131(1):e144-51. PMID: 23248224.
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    96. Birken CS, Maguire J, Mekky M, Manlhiot C, Beck CE, Degroot J, Jacobson S, Peer M, Taylor C, McCrindle BW, Parkin PC. Office-based randomized controlled trial to reduce screen time in preschool children. Pediatrics. 2012 Dec; 130(6):1110-5. PMID: 23129085.
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    97. Li P, To T, Parkin PC, Anderson GM, Guttmann A. Association between evidence-based standardized protocols in emergency departments with childhood asthma outcomes: a Canadian population-based study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Sep; 166(9):834-40. PMID: 22776991.
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    98. Abdullah K, Kendzerska T, Shah P, Uleryk E, Parkin PC. Efficacy of oral iron therapy in improving the developmental outcome of pre-school children with non-anaemic iron deficiency: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Aug; 16(8):1497-506. PMID: 22894941.
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    99. Yu A, Stephens D, Feldman BM, Parkin PC, Kahr WH, Brandão LR, Shouldice M, Levin AV. The role of prothrombotic factors in the ocular manifestations of abusive and non-abusive head trauma: a feasibility study. Child Abuse Negl. 2012 Apr; 36(4):333-41. PMID: 22575907.
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    100. Morinis J, Maguire J, Khovratovich M, McCrindle BW, Parkin PC, Birken CS. Paediatric obesity research in early childhood and the primary care setting: the TARGet Kids! research network. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 04; 9(4):1343-54. PMID: 22690197; PMCID: PMC3366615.
    101. Morris SK, Parkin P, Science M, Subbarao P, Yau Y, O'Riordan S, Barton M, Allen UD, Tran D. A retrospective cross-sectional study of risk factors and clinical spectrum of children admitted to hospital with pandemic H1N1 influenza as compared to influenza A. BMJ Open. 2012; 2(2):e000310. PMID: 22411932; PMCID: PMC3307038.
    102. Birken CS, Maguire J, McCrindle BW, Hamilton J, Parkin PC. Childhood obesity prevention: opportunities in healthcare. Healthc Q. 2012; 15 Spec No 4:48-53. PMID: 24955514.
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    103. Birtwhistle R, Pottie K, Shaw E, Dickinson JA, Brauer P, Fortin M, Bell N, Singh H, Tonelli M, Connor Gorber S, Lewin G, Joffres M, Parkin P. Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care: we're back! Can Fam Physician. 2012 Jan; 58(1):13-5. PMID: 22267610; PMCID: PMC3263997.
    104. Lara-Corrales I, Parkin PC, Stephens D, Hamilton J, Koren G, Weinstein M, Sibbald RG, Pope E. The efficacy of trimethoprim in wound healing of patients with epidermolysis bullosa: a feasibility trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Feb; 66(2):264-70. PMID: 22153787.
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    105. Freedman SB, Parkin PC, Willan AR, Schuh S. Rapid versus standard intravenous rehydration in paediatric gastroenteritis: pragmatic blinded randomised clinical trial. BMJ. 2011 Nov 17; 343:d6976. PMID: 22094316; PMCID: PMC3219422.
    106. Maguire JL, Kulik DM, Laupacis A, Kuppermann N, Uleryk EM, Parkin PC. Clinical prediction rules for children: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep; 128(3):e666-77. PMID: 21859912.
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    107. Parshuram CS, Duncan HP, Joffe AR, Farrell CA, Lacroix JR, Middaugh KL, Hutchison JS, Wensley D, Blanchard N, Beyene J, Parkin PC. Multicentre validation of the bedside paediatric early warning system score: a severity of illness score to detect evolving critical illness in hospitalised children. Crit Care. 2011 Aug 03; 15(4):R184. PMID: 21812993; PMCID: PMC3387627.
    108. Wahi G, Parkin PC, Beyene J, Uleryk EM, Birken CS. Effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Nov; 165(11):979-86. PMID: 21727260.
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    109. Birken CS, Maguire J, Mekky M, Manlhiot C, Beck CE, Jacobson S, Peer M, Taylor C, McCrindle BW, Parkin PC. Parental factors associated with screen time in pre-school children in primary-care practice: a TARGet Kids! study. Public Health Nutr. 2011 Dec; 14(12):2134-8. PMID: 21466741.
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    110. Maguire JL, Birken CS, O'Connor DL, Macarthur C, Thorpe KE, Mamdani M, Parkin PC. Prevalence and predictors of low vitamin D concentrations in urban Canadian toddlers. Paediatr Child Health. 2011 Feb; 16(2):e11-5. PMID: 22294872; PMCID: PMC3043048.
    111. Thampi N, Bitnun A, Banner D, Rowe T, Kelvin DJ, Richardson SE, Parkin P, Tran D. Influenza-associated encephalopathy with elevated antibody titers to pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza. J Child Neurol. 2011 Apr; 26(4):501-6. PMID: 21270466.
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    112. Hawkes M, Schuh S, Ipp M, Bitnun A, Richardson SE, Parkin PC, Stephens D, Tran D. Natural history of pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza infection in healthy pediatric outpatients. Acad Pediatr. 2011 Jan-Feb; 11(1):66-74. PMID: 21272826.
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    113. Gesundheit B, Parkin P, Greenberg M, Baruchel S, Senger C, Kapelushnik J, Smith C, Klement GL. The role of angiogenesis in the transformation of plexiform neurofibroma into malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors in children with neurofibromatosis type 1. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2010 Oct; 32(7):548-53. PMID: 20686424.
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    114. To T, Wang C, Dell SD, Fleming-Carroll B, Parkin P, Scolnik D, Ungar WJ. Can an evidence-based guideline reminder card improve asthma management in the emergency department? Respir Med. 2010 Sep; 104(9):1263-70. PMID: 20434896.
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    115. Maguire JL, Birken CS, Jacobson S, Peer M, Taylor C, Khambalia A, Mekky M, Thorpe KE, Parkin P. Office-based intervention to reduce bottle use among toddlers: TARGet Kids! Pragmatic, randomized trial. Pediatrics. 2010 Aug; 126(2):e343-50. PMID: 20624802.
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    116. Bailey B, Gravel J, Goldman RD, Friedman JN, Parkin PC. External validation of the clinical dehydration scale for children with acute gastroenteritis. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Jun; 17(6):583-8. PMID: 20624137.
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    117. Mahant S, Mekky M, Parkin P. Integrating pediatric hospitalists in the academic health science center: practice and perceptions in a Canadian center. J Hosp Med. 2010 Apr; 5(4):228-33. PMID: 20394029.
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    118. Cohen E, Goldman RD, Ragone A, Uleryk E, Atenafu EG, Siddiqui U, Mahmoud N, Parkin PC. Child vs adult randomized controlled trials in specialist journals: a citation analysis of trends, 1985-2005. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Mar; 164(3):283-8. PMID: 20194264.
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    119. Parkin P, Zlotkin S. Why is this tachypneic child so pale? Paediatr Child Health. 2010 Mar; 15(3):135-6. PMID: 21358890; PMCID: PMC2865947.
    120. Nicolin G, Parkin P, Mabbott D, Hargrave D, Bartels U, Tabori U, Rutka J, Buncic JR, Bouffet E. Natural history and outcome of optic pathway gliomas in children. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2009 Dec 15; 53(7):1231-7. PMID: 19621457.
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    121. Parkin PC, Maguire JL. Clinically important head injuries after head trauma in children. Lancet. 2009 Oct 03; 374(9696):1127-9. PMID: 19758693.
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    122. Rea D, Brandsema JF, Armstrong D, Parkin PC, deVeber G, MacGregor D, Logan WJ, Askalan R. Cerebral arteriopathy in children with neurofibromatosis type 1. Pediatrics. 2009 Sep; 124(3):e476-83. PMID: 19706560.
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    123. Maguire JL, Boutis K, Uleryk EM, Laupacis A, Parkin PC. Should a head-injured child receive a head CT scan? A systematic review of clinical prediction rules. Pediatrics. 2009 Jul; 124(1):e145-54. PMID: 19564261.
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    124. Parkin PC, Macarthur C, Khambalia A, Goldman RD, Friedman JN. Clinical and laboratory assessment of dehydration severity in children with acute gastroenteritis. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2010 Mar; 49(3):235-9. PMID: 19487761.
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    125. Mekky M, Jasuja M, Parkin PC. Moderate and severe microcytic anemia in the emergency department: indicators of care. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2009 Nov; 48(9):902-3. PMID: 19483131.
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    126. Birken CS, Parkin PC, To T, Wilkins R, Macarthur C. Neighborhood socioeconomic status and homicides among children in urban Canada. Pediatrics. 2009 May; 123(5):e815-9. PMID: 19403474.
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    127. Ipp M, Parkin PC, Lear N, Goldbach M, Taddio A. Order of vaccine injection and infant pain response. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 May; 163(5):469-72. PMID: 19414694.
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    128. Diamond IR, Parkin PC, Wales PW, Bohn D, Kreller MA, Dykes EH, McLellan BA, Wesson DE. Pediatric blunt and penetrating trauma deaths in Ontario: a population-based study. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 May; 44(5):981-6. PMID: 19433183.
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    129. Diamond IR, Parkin PC, Wales PW, Bohn D, Kreller MA, Dykes EH, McLellan BA, Wesson DE. Preventable pediatric trauma deaths in Ontario: a comparative population-based study. J Trauma. 2009 Apr; 66(4):1189-94; discussion 1194-5. PMID: 19359936.
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    130. Parkin PC, Howard AW. Advances in the prevention of children's injuries: an examination of four common outdoor activities. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2008 Dec; 20(6):719-23. PMID: 19023919.
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    131. Goldman RD, Friedman JN, Parkin PC. Validation of the clinical dehydration scale for children with acute gastroenteritis. Pediatrics. 2008 Sep; 122(3):545-9. PMID: 18762524.
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    132. Wesson DE, Stephens D, Lam K, Parsons D, Spence L, Parkin PC. Trends in pediatric and adult bicycling deaths before and after passage of a bicycle helmet law. Pediatrics. 2008 Sep; 122(3):605-10. PMID: 18762532.
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    133. Beck CE, Parkin PC, Friedman JN. Pediatric hospitalist medicine: an overview and a perspective from Toronto, Canada. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2008 Jul; 47(6):546-8. PMID: 18566353.
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    134. To T, Wang C, Dell S, Fleming-Carroll B, Parkin P, Scolnik D, Ungar W. Risk factors for repeat adverse asthma events in children after visiting an emergency department. Ambul Pediatr. 2008 Sep-Oct; 8(5):281-7. PMID: 18922500.
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    135. Maguire JL, deVeber G, Parkin PC. Association between iron-deficiency anemia and stroke in young children. Pediatrics. 2007 Nov; 120(5):1053-7. PMID: 17974743.
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    136. Ipp M, Taddio A, Sam J, Gladbach M, Parkin PC. Vaccine-related pain: randomised controlled trial of two injection techniques. Arch Dis Child. 2007 Dec; 92(12):1105-8. PMID: 17686797; PMCID: PMC2066084.
    137. Chang BC, Mirabella G, Yagev R, Banh M, Mezer E, Parkin PC, Westall CA, Buncic JR. Screening and diagnosis of optic pathway gliomas in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 by using sweep visual evoked potentials. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2895-902. PMID: 17525226.
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    138. Serletis D, Parkin P, Bouffet E, Shroff M, Drake JM, Rutka JT. Massive plexiform neurofibromas in childhood: natural history and management issues. J Neurosurg. 2007 May; 106(5 Suppl):363-7. PMID: 17566202.
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    139. Cohen E, Uleryk E, Jasuja M, Parkin PC. An absence of pediatric randomized controlled trials in general medical journals, 1985-2004. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007 Feb; 60(2):118-23. PMID: 17208117.
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    140. Sutcliffe TL, Khambalia A, Westergard S, Jacobson S, Peer M, Parkin PC. Iron depletion is associated with daytime bottle-feeding in the second and third years of life. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Nov; 160(11):1114-20. PMID: 17088513.
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    141. Birken CS, Parkin PC, To T, Macarthur C. Trends in rates of death from unintentional injury among Canadian children in urban areas: influence of socioeconomic status. CMAJ. 2006 Oct 10; 175(8):867. PMID: 16998078; PMCID: PMC1586087.
    142. Beck CE, Khambalia A, Parkin PC, Raina P, Macarthur C. Day of discharge and hospital readmission rates within 30 days in children: A population-based study. Paediatr Child Health. 2006 Sep; 11(7):409-12. PMID: 19030310; PMCID: PMC2528635.
    143. Macpherson AK, Macarthur C, To TM, Chipman ML, Wright JG, Parkin PC. Economic disparity in bicycle helmet use by children six years after the introduction of legislation. Inj Prev. 2006 Aug; 12(4):231-5. PMID: 16887944; PMCID: PMC2586775.
    144. Parkin P. Commentary. J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 May; 15(2):89-90. PMID: 18392200; PMCID: PMC2277291.
    145. Ipp M, Sam J, Parkin PC. Needle aspiration and intramuscular vaccination. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Apr; 160(4):451. PMID: 16585496.
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    146. Morris SK, Brophy J, Richardson SE, Summerbell R, Parkin PC, Jamieson F, Limerick B, Wiebe L, Ford-Jones EL. Blastomycosis in Ontario, 1994-2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Feb; 12(2):274-9. PMID: 16494754; PMCID: PMC3373107.
    147. Khambalia A, MacArthur C, Parkin PC. Peer and adult companion helmet use is associated with bicycle helmet use by children. Pediatrics. 2005 Oct; 116(4):939-42. PMID: 16199705.
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    148. Beck CE, Nathan PC, Parkin PC, Blanchette VS, Macarthur C. Corticosteroids versus intravenous immune globulin for the treatment of acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Pediatr. 2005 Oct; 147(4):521-7. PMID: 16227040.
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    149. Ratnapalan S, Parkin PC, Allen U. Case 1: The deadly danger of pertussis. Paediatr Child Health. 2005 Apr; 10(4):221-2. PMID: 19668618; PMCID: PMC2722530.
    150. Dwight P, MacArthur C, Friedman JN, Parkin PC. Evaluation of a staff-only hospitalist system in a tertiary care, academic children's hospital. Pediatrics. 2004 Dec; 114(6):1545-9. PMID: 15574613.
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    151. Mehta SV, Parkin PC, Stephens D, Keogh KA, Schuh S. Oxygen saturation as a predictor of prolonged, frequent bronchodilator therapy in children with acute asthma. J Pediatr. 2004 Nov; 145(5):641-5. PMID: 15520765.
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    152. Birken CS, Parkin PC, Macarthur C. Asthma severity scores for preschoolers displayed weaknesses in reliability, validity, and responsiveness. J Clin Epidemiol. 2004 Nov; 57(11):1177-81. PMID: 15567635.
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    153. Friedman JN, Goldman RD, Srivastava R, Parkin PC. Development of a clinical dehydration scale for use in children between 1 and 36 months of age. J Pediatr. 2004 Aug; 145(2):201-7. PMID: 15289767.
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    154. To T, Guttmann A, Dick PT, Rosenfield JD, Parkin PC, Cao H, Vydykhan TN, Tassoudji M, Harris JK. What factors are associated with poor developmental attainment in young Canadian children? Can J Public Health. 2004 Jul-Aug; 95(4):258-63. PMID: 15362466.
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    155. Macpherson AK, To TM, Parkin PC, Moldofsky B, Wright JG, Chipman ML, Macarthur C. Urban/rural variation in children's bicycle-related injuries. Accid Anal Prev. 2004 Jul; 36(4):649-54. PMID: 15094419.
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    156. To T, Guttmann A, Dick PT, Rosenfield JD, Parkin PC, Tassoudji M, Vydykhan TN, Cao H, Harris JK. Risk markers for poor developmental attainment in young children: results from a longitudinal national survey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Jul; 158(7):643-9. PMID: 15237063.
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    157. Rothenstein J, Howard A, Parkin P, Khambalia A, Macarthur C. Community paediatricians' counseling patterns and knowledge of recommendations relating to child restraint use in motor vehicles. Inj Prev. 2004 Apr; 10(2):103-6. PMID: 15066976; PMCID: PMC1730066.
    158. Gallinger S, Aronson M, Shayan K, Ratcliffe EM, Gerstle JT, Parkin PC, Rothenmund H, Croitoru M, Baumann E, Durie PR, Weksberg R, Pollett A, Riddell RH, Ngan BY, Cutz E, Lagarde AE, Chan HS. Gastrointestinal cancers and neurofibromatosis type 1 features in children with a germline homozygous MLH1 mutation. Gastroenterology. 2004 Feb; 126(2):576-85. PMID: 14762794.
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    159. Parkin PC, Khambalia A, Kmet L, Macarthur C. Influence of socioeconomic status on the effectiveness of bicycle helmet legislation for children: a prospective observational study. Pediatrics. 2003 Sep; 112(3 Pt 1):e192-6. PMID: 12949311.
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    160. Maguire JL, Healey J, Garfield H, Parkin PC. Does a paediatric after-hours clinic use evidence-based guidelines in the management of acute otitis media? Paediatr Child Health. 2003 Sep; 8(7):427-31. PMID: 20019949; PMCID: PMC2791652.
    161. Macpherson AK, To TM, Macarthur C, Chipman ML, Wright JG, Parkin PC. Impact of mandatory helmet legislation on bicycle-related head injuries in children: a population-based study. Pediatrics. 2002 Nov; 110(5):e60. PMID: 12415066.
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    162. Parkin PC, Taylor CY, Petric M, Schuh S, Goldbach M, Ipp M. Controlled study of respiratory viruses and wheezing. Arch Dis Child. 2002 Sep; 87(3):221-2. PMID: 12193431; PMCID: PMC1719246.
    163. Halman SI, Chipman M, Parkin PC, Wright JG. Are seat belt restraints as effective in school age children as in adults? A prospective crash study. BMJ. 2002 May 11; 324(7346):1123. PMID: 12003883; PMCID: PMC107902.
    164. Ipp M, Carson S, Petric M, Parkin PC. Rapid painless diagnosis of viral respiratory infection. Arch Dis Child. 2002 May; 86(5):372-3. PMID: 11970936; PMCID: PMC1751116.
    165. Goggin N, Macarthur C, Parkin PC. Randomized trial of the addition of ipratropium bromide to albuterol and corticosteroid therapy in children hospitalized because of an acute asthma exacerbation. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001 Dec; 155(12):1329-34. PMID: 11732951.
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    166. Dell SD, Parkin PC, Macarthur C. Childhood asthma admissions: determinants of short stay. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2001 Dec; 12(6):327-30. PMID: 11846870.
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    167. Macpherson AK, Parkin PC, To TM. Mandatory helmet legislation and children's exposure to cycling. Inj Prev. 2001 Sep; 7(3):228-30. PMID: 11565990; PMCID: PMC1730754.
    168. Keogh KA, Macarthur C, Parkin PC, Stephens D, Arseneault R, Tennis O, Bacal L, Schuh S. Predictors of hospitalization in children with acute asthma. J Pediatr. 2001 Aug; 139(2):273-7. PMID: 11487756.
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    169. Young NL, Foster AM, Parkin PC, Reisman J, MacLusky I, Gold M, Feldman W. Assessing the efficacy of a school-based asthma education program for children: a pilot study. Can J Public Health. 2001 Jan-Feb; 92(1):30-4. PMID: 11257986.
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    170. Kirpalani HM, Parkin PC, Willan AR, Fehlings DL, Rosenbaum PL, King D, Van Nie AJ. Quality of life in spina bifida: importance of parental hope. Arch Dis Child. 2000 Oct; 83(4):293-7. PMID: 10999858; PMCID: PMC1718506.
    171. Macarthur C, Hu X, Wesson DE, Parkin PC. Risk factors for severe injuries associated with falls from playground equipment. Accid Anal Prev. 2000 May; 32(3):377-82. PMID: 10776854.
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    172. Wesson D, Spence L, Hu X, Parkin P. Trends in bicycling-related head injuries in children after implementation of a community-based bike helmet campaign. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 May; 35(5):688-9. PMID: 10813324.
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    173. Birken CS, Parkin PC. In which journals will pediatricians find the best evidence for clinical practice? Pediatrics. 1999 May; 103(5 Pt 1):941-7. PMID: 10224169.
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    174. Macarthur C, Parkin PC, Sidky M, Wallace W. Evaluation of a bicycle skills training program for young children: a randomized controlled trial. Inj Prev. 1998 Jun; 4(2):116-21. PMID: 9666365; PMCID: PMC1730356.
    175. Calpin C, Macarthur C, Stephens D, Feldman W, Parkin PC. Effectiveness of prophylactic inhaled steroids in childhood asthma: a systemic review of the literature. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1997 Oct; 100(4):452-7. PMID: 9338536.
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    176. Zachos M, Parkin PC, Babyn PS, Chait P. Neurofibromatosis type 1 vasculopathy associated with lower limb hypoplasia. Pediatrics. 1997 Sep; 100(3 Pt 1):395-8. PMID: 9282714.
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    177. Parkin PC, Kirpalani HM, Rosenbaum PL, Fehlings DL, Van Nie A, Willan AR, King D. Development of a health-related quality of life instrument for use in children with spina bifida. Qual Life Res. 1997 Mar; 6(2):123-32. PMID: 9161112.
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    178. Gouin S, Macarthur C, Parkin PC, Schuh S. Effect of a pediatric observation unit on the rate of hospitalization for asthma. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Feb; 29(2):218-22. PMID: 9018185.
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    179. Macarthur C, Calpin C, Parkin PC, Feldman W. Factors associated with pediatric asthma readmissions. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1996 Nov; 98(5 Pt 1):992-3. PMID: 8939164.
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    180. Parkin PC, Macarthur C, Saunders NR, Diamond SA, Winders PM. Development of a clinical asthma score for use in hospitalized children between 1 and 5 years of age. J Clin Epidemiol. 1996 Aug; 49(8):821-5. PMID: 8699199.
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    181. Forman R, Singal N, Perelman V, Chou S, Hoffman L, Parkin P, Koren G. Folic acid and prevention of neural tube defects: a study of Canadian mothers of infants with spina bifida. Clin Invest Med. 1996 Jun; 19(3):195-201. PMID: 8724823.
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    182. Hu X, Wesson D, Parkin P, Rootman I. Pediatric injuries: parental knowledge, attitudes and needs. Can J Public Health. 1996 Mar-Apr; 87(2):101-5. PMID: 8753637.
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    183. Parkin PC, Hu X, Spence LJ, Kranz KE, Shortt LG, Wesson DE. Evaluation of a subsidy program to increase bicycle helmet use by children of low-income families. Pediatrics. 1995 Aug; 96(2 Pt 1):283-7. PMID: 7630685.
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    184. Hu X, Wesson DE, Chipman ML, Parkin PC. Bicycling exposure and severe injuries in school-age children. A population-based study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 Apr; 149(4):437-41. PMID: 7704173.
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    185. Parkin PC, Saunders NR, Diamond SA, Winders PM, Macarthur C. Randomised trial spacer v nebuliser for acute asthma. Arch Dis Child. 1995 Mar; 72(3):239-40. PMID: 7741574; PMCID: PMC1511081.
    186. Hu X, Wesson DE, Parkin PC, Chipman ML, Spence LJ. Current bicycle helmet ownership, use and related factors among school-aged children in metropolitan Toronto. Can J Public Health. 1994 Mar-Apr; 85(2):121-4. PMID: 8012914.
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    187. Parkin PC, Schwartz CJ, Manuel BA. Randomized controlled trial of three interventions in the management of persistent crying of infancy. Pediatrics. 1993 Aug; 92(2):197-201. PMID: 8337017.
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    188. Hu X, Wesson DE, Parkin PC, Chipman ML, Spence LJ. Parental attitudes toward legislation for helmet use by child cyclists. Can J Public Health. 1993 May-Jun; 84(3):163-5. PMID: 8358689.
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    189. Parkin PC, Spence LJ, Hu X, Kranz KE, Shortt LG, Wesson DE. Evaluation of a promotional strategy to increase bicycle helmet use by children. Pediatrics. 1993 Apr; 91(4):772-7. PMID: 8464665.
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    190. Parkin P, Hu X, Spence L, Wesson D. Bicycle helmets: effective protection. CMAJ. 1992 Dec 01; 147(11):1631. PMID: 1483209; PMCID: PMC1336581.
    191. Ingram J, Weitzman S, Greenberg ML, Parkin P, Filler R. Complications of indwelling venous access lines in the pediatric hematology patient: a prospective comparison of external venous catheters and subcutaneous ports. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 1991; 13(2):130-6. PMID: 2069219.
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    192. Schuh S, Parkin P, Rajan A, Canny G, Healy R, Rieder M, Tan YK, Levison H, Soldin SJ. High-versus low-dose, frequently administered, nebulized albuterol in children with severe, acute asthma. Pediatrics. 1989 Apr; 83(4):513-8. PMID: 2927990.
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