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Mark Crawford

TitleAnesthesiologist-in-Chief, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Med
InstitutionThe Hospital for Sick Children
DepartmentAnaesthesia
Address555 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1X8
Phone416-813-1500
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. O'Leary JD, Wunsch H, Leo AM, Levin D, Siddiqui A, Crawford MW. Hospital admission on weekends for patients who have surgery and 30-day mortality in Ontario, Canada: A matched cohort study. PLoS Med. 2019 01; 16(1):e1002731. PMID: 30695035.
      View in: PubMed
    2. O'Leary JD, Janus M, Duku E, Wijeysundera DN, To T, Li P, Maynes JT, Faraoni D, Crawford MW. Influence of Surgical Procedures and General Anesthesia on Child Development Before Primary School Entry Among Matched Sibling Pairs. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jan 01; 173(1):29-36. PMID: 30398535.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Petre MA, Bahrey L, Levine M, van Rensburg A, Crawford M, Matava C. A national survey on attitudes and barriers on recycling and environmental sustainability efforts among Canadian anesthesiologists: an opportunity for knowledge translation. Can J Anaesth. 2019 Mar; 66(3):272-286. PMID: 30547422.
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    4. Coghlan M, Richards E, Shaik S, Rossi P, Vanama RB, Ahmadi S, Petroz C, Crawford M, Maynes JT. Inhalational Anesthetics Induce Neuronal Protein Aggregation and Affect ER Trafficking. Sci Rep. 2018 Mar 27; 8(1):5275. PMID: 29588456.
      View in: PubMed
    5. O'Leary JD, Dexter F, Faraoni D, Crawford MW. Incidence of non-physiologically complex surgical procedures performed in children: an Ontario population-based study of health administrative data. Can J Anaesth. 2018 01; 65(1):23-33. PMID: 29150783.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Pehora C, Pearson AM, Kaushal A, Crawford MW, Johnston B. Dexamethasone as an adjuvant to peripheral nerve block. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Nov 09; 11:CD011770. PMID: 29121400.
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    7. Wong GK, Pehora C, Crawford MW. L-carnitine reduces susceptibility to bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity: an experimental study in rats. Can J Anaesth. 2017 Mar; 64(3):270-279. PMID: 28032304.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Hayes J, Dowling JJ, Peliowski A, Crawford MW, Johnston B. Patient-Controlled Analgesia Plus Background Opioid Infusion for Postoperative Pain in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials. Anesth Analg. 2016 10; 123(4):991-1003. PMID: 27065359.
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    9. O'Leary JD, Janus M, Duku E, Wijeysundera DN, To T, Li P, Maynes JT, Crawford MW. A Population-based Study Evaluating the Association between Surgery in Early Life and Child Development at Primary School Entry. Anesthesiology. 2016 08; 125(2):272-9. PMID: 27433745.
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    10. O'Leary JD, Wijeysundera DN, Crawford MW. Effect of surgical safety checklists on pediatric surgical complications in Ontario. CMAJ. 2016 Jun 14; 188(9):E191-E198. PMID: 26976960.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Armstrong J, Forrest H, Crawford MW. Erratum to: A prospective observational study comparing a physiological scoring system with time-based discharge criteria in pediatric ambulatory surgical patients. Can J Anaesth. 2015 Dec; 62(12):1363. PMID: 26370259.
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    12. Johnston BC, Alonso-Coello P, Friedrich JO, Mustafa RA, Tikkinen KAO, Neumann I, Vandvik PO, Akl EA, da Costa BR, Adhikari NK, Dalmau GM, Kosunen E, Mustonen J, Crawford MW, Thabane L, Guyatt GH. Do clinicians understand the size of treatment effects? A randomized survey across 8 countries. CMAJ. 2016 Jan 05; 188(1):25-32. PMID: 26504102.
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    13. Johnston BC, Ebrahim S, Carrasco-Labra A, Furukawa TA, Patrick DL, Crawford MW, Hemmelgarn BR, Schunemann HJ, Guyatt GH, Nesrallah G. Minimally important difference estimates and methods: a protocol. BMJ Open. 2015 Oct 01; 5(10):e007953. PMID: 26428330.
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    14. O'Leary JD, Crawford MW. Perspectives on Canadian core fellowship training in pediatric anesthesia: a survey of graduate fellows. Can J Anaesth. 2015 Oct; 62(10):1071-81. PMID: 26149597.
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    15. Armstrong J, Forrest H, Crawford MW. A prospective observational study comparing a physiological scoring system with time-based discharge criteria in pediatric ambulatory surgical patients. Can J Anaesth. 2015 Oct; 62(10):1082-8. PMID: 26149598.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Everett T, Parker K, Fish J, Pehora C, Budd D, Kelly C, Crawford M, Hayes J. The construction and implementation of a novel postburn pruritus scale for infants and children aged five years or less: introducing the Toronto Pediatric Itch Scale. J Burn Care Res. 2015 Jan-Feb; 36(1):44-9. PMID: 25094009.
      View in: PubMed
    17. O'Leary JD, Crawford MW, Odame I, Shorten GD, McGrath PA. Thermal pain and sensory processing in children with sickle cell disease. Clin J Pain. 2014 Mar; 30(3):244-50. PMID: 23629596.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Matava CT, Crawford MW, Pehora C, Naser B, McDonnell C. Early postoperative patient-controlled analgesia ratio predicts 24-hour morphine consumption and pain in children undergoing scoliosis surgery. J Opioid Manag. 2014 Jan-Feb; 10(1):39-45. PMID: 24604568.
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    19. Srinivasan I, Strantzas S, Crawford MW. Phasic genioglossus and palatoglossus muscle activity during recovery from sevoflurane anesthesia: a prospective observational study in children. Anesthesiology. 2013 Sep; 119(3):562-8. PMID: 23625302.
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    20. O'Leary JD, Crawford MW. Review article: reporting guidelines in the biomedical literature. Can J Anaesth. 2013 Aug; 60(8):813-21. PMID: 23760791.
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    21. Wong GK, Arab AA, Chew SC, Naser B, Crawford MW. Major complications related to epidural analgesia in children: a 15-year audit of 3,152 epidurals. Can J Anaesth. 2013 Apr; 60(4):355-63. PMID: 23296493.
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    22. O'Leary JD, Odame I, Pehora C, Chakraborty P, Crawford MW. Effectiveness of preoperative screening for sickle cell disease in a population with a newborn screening program: a cohort study. Can J Anaesth. 2013 Jan; 60(1):54-9. PMID: 23104576.
      View in: PubMed
    23. McDonnell C, Pehora C, Crawford MW. PCA-derived factors that may be predictive of postoperative pain in pediatric patients: a possible role for the PCA ratio. J Opioid Manag. 2012 Jan-Feb; 8(1):39-44. PMID: 22479883.
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    24. Merdad M, Crawford M, Gordon K, Papsin B. Unexplained fever after bilateral superficial cervical block in children undergoing cochlear implantation: an observational study. Can J Anaesth. 2012 Jan; 59(1):28-33. PMID: 22072060.
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    25. Engelhardt T, Zaarour C, Crawford MW. Plasma cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate levels: a marker of glutamate-nitric oxide-guanyl cyclase activity? J Opioid Manag. 2011 Nov-Dec; 7(6):462-6. PMID: 22320028.
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    26. Crawford MW. The paired-like homeobox 2B (PHOX2B) gene and respiratory control. Can J Anaesth. 2011 Dec; 58(12):1063-8. PMID: 22006076.
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    27. Windram J, Grosse-Wortmann L, Shariat M, Greer ML, Crawford MW, Yoo SJ. Cardiovascular MRI without sedation or general anesthesia using a feed-and-sleep technique in neonates and infants. Pediatr Radiol. 2012 Feb; 42(2):183-7. PMID: 21861089.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Wong GK, Crawford MW. Carnitine deficiency increases susceptibility to bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity in rats. Anesthesiology. 2011 Jun; 114(6):1417-24. PMID: 21537157.
      View in: PubMed
    29. O'Leary JD, Crawford MW. Bibliographic characteristics of the research output of pediatric anesthesiologists in Canada. Can J Anaesth. 2010 Jun; 57(6):573-7. PMID: 20229218.
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    30. Crawford MW, Pehora C, Lopez AV. Drug-induced acute pancreatitis in children receiving chemotherapy for acute leukemia: does propofol increase the risk? Anesth Analg. 2009 Aug; 109(2):379-81. PMID: 19608806.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Crawford MW, White MC, Propst EJ, Zaarour C, Cushing S, Pehora C, James AL, Gordon KA, Papsin BC. Dose-dependent suppression of the electrically elicited stapedius reflex by general anesthetics in children undergoing cochlear implant surgery. Anesth Analg. 2009 May; 108(5):1480-7. PMID: 19372325.
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    32. Whitty RJ, Wong GK, Petroz GC, Pehora C, Crawford MW. Preparation of the Dräger Fabius GS workstation for malignant hyperthermia-susceptible patients. Can J Anaesth. 2009 Jul; 56(7):497-501. PMID: 19399571.
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    33. McDonnell C, Zaarour C, Hull R, Thalayasingam P, Pehora C, Ahier J, Crawford MW. Pre-treatment with morphine does not prevent the development of remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia. Can J Anaesth. 2008 Dec; 55(12):813-8. PMID: 19050084.
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    34. Engelhardt T, Zaarour C, Naser B, Pehora C, de Ruiter J, Howard A, Crawford MW. Intraoperative low-dose ketamine does not prevent a remifentanil-induced increase in morphine requirement after pediatric scoliosis surgery. Anesth Analg. 2008 Oct; 107(4):1170-5. PMID: 18806023.
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    35. Hayes JA, Lopez AV, Pehora CM, Robertson JM, Abla O, Crawford MW. Coadministration of propofol and remifentanil for lumbar puncture in children: dose-response and an evaluation of two dose combinations. Anesthesiology. 2008 Oct; 109(4):613-8. PMID: 18813039.
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    36. Crawford MW, Pehora C. Ultrasonographic guidance for catheterization of the internal jugular vein via the posterior approach. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 Jan; 18(1):93-4. PMID: 18095985.
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    37. Zaarour C, Engelhardt T, Strantzas S, Pehora C, Lewis S, Crawford MW. Effect of low-dose ketamine on voltage requirement for transcranial electrical motor evoked potentials in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Oct 15; 32(22):E627-30. PMID: 18090070.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Crawford MW, Shichor T, Engelhardt T, Adamson G, Bell D, Carmichael FJ, Kim PC. The novel hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier HRC 101 improves survival in murine sickle cell disease. Anesthesiology. 2007 Aug; 107(2):281-7. PMID: 17667573.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Crawford MW, Prinzhausen H, Petroz GC. Accelerating the washout of inhalational anesthetics from the Dräger Primus anesthetic workstation: effect of exchangeable internal components. Anesthesiology. 2007 Feb; 106(2):289-94. PMID: 17264723.
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    40. Crawford MW, Arrica M, Macgowan CK, Yoo SJ. Extent and localization of changes in upper airway caliber with varying concentrations of sevoflurane in children. Anesthesiology. 2006 Dec; 105(6):1147-52; discussion 5A. PMID: 17122577.
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    41. Prinzhausen H, Crawford MW, O'Rourke J, Petroz GC. Preparation of the Dräger Primus anesthetic machine for malignant hyperthermia-susceptible patients. Can J Anaesth. 2006 Sep; 53(9):885-90. PMID: 16960266.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Crawford MW, Rohan D, Macgowan CK, Yoo SJ, Macpherson BA. Effect of propofol anesthesia and continuous positive airway pressure on upper airway size and configuration in infants. Anesthesiology. 2006 Jul; 105(1):45-50. PMID: 16809993.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Crawford MW, Hickey C, Zaarour C, Howard A, Naser B. Development of acute opioid tolerance during infusion of remifentanil for pediatric scoliosis surgery. Anesth Analg. 2006 Jun; 102(6):1662-7. PMID: 16717305.
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    44. Arrica M, Crawford MW. Complete upper airway obstruction after induction of anesthesia in a child with undiagnosed lingual tonsil hypertrophy. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006 May; 16(5):584-7. PMID: 16677271.
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    45. Isaac LA, McEwen J, Hayes JA, Crawford MW. A pilot study of the rectus sheath block for pain control after umbilical hernia repair. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006 Apr; 16(4):406-9. PMID: 16618294.
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    46. Crawford MW, Galton S, Naser B. Postoperative morphine consumption in children with sickle-cell disease. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006 Feb; 16(2):152-7. PMID: 16430411.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Crawford MW, Galton S, Abdelhaleem M. Preoperative screening for sickle cell disease in children: clinical implications. Can J Anaesth. 2005 Dec; 52(10):1058-63. PMID: 16326676.
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    48. Crawford MW, Rohan D. The upper airway in Weaver syndrome. Paediatr Anaesth. 2005 Oct; 15(10):893-6. PMID: 16176320.
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    49. Lee J, Crawford MW, Drake J, Buncic JR, Forrest C. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy complicating cranial vault reconstruction for sagittal synostosis in a child. J Craniofac Surg. 2005 Jul; 16(4):559-62. PMID: 16077298.
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    50. Crawford MW, Hayes J, Tan JM. Dose-response of remifentanil for tracheal intubation in infants. Anesth Analg. 2005 Jun; 100(6):1599-604. PMID: 15920180.
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    51. Drake JM, Crawford MW. Near-miss injection of an anesthetic agent into a cerebrospinal fluid external ventricular drain: special report. Neurosurgery. 2005 May; 56(5):E1161; discussion E1161. PMID: 15854270.
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    52. Ames WA, Hayes JA, Crawford MW. The role of corticosteroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a review for the anesthetist. Paediatr Anaesth. 2005 Jan; 15(1):3-8. PMID: 15649156.
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    53. Lerman J, Crawford MW. Two manuscripts, too similar. Anesthesiology. 2004 Sep; 101(3):801; author reply 801. PMID: 15329613.
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    54. Crawford MW, Speakman M, Carver ED, Kim PC. Acute chest syndrome shows a predilection for basal lung regions on the side of upper abdominal surgery. Can J Anaesth. 2004 Aug-Sep; 51(7):707-11. PMID: 15310640.
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    55. Crawford MW, Ho DS, Shams M, Gow R. Magnesium deficiency alters the threshold for epinephrine-induced arrhythmias during halothane or sevoflurane anesthesia in the rat. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2004 Jun; 18(3):313-6. PMID: 15232811.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Evans RG, Crawford MW, Noseworthy MD, Yoo SJ. Effect of increasing depth of propofol anesthesia on upper airway configuration in children. Anesthesiology. 2003 Sep; 99(3):596-602. PMID: 12960543.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Crawford MW, Dodgson BG, Holtby HH, Roy WL. Propofol syndrome in children. CMAJ. 2003 Mar 18; 168(6):669; author reply 669-70. PMID: 12642408.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Naik V, Matsumoto E, Houston P, Hamstra S, Yeung R, Mallon J, Martire T, Zwack RM, Campbell DC, Breen TW, Yip RW, Roy JD, Girard M, Drolet P, Guay J, Bolis RS, LeDez K, Balatbat JT, Mukherji J, Ali MJ, Carroll J, Karski JM, Sui S, Cheng DC, Banner R, Yip R, Zondervan J, Chow V, McMillan D, Fisher J, Lattermann R, Carli F, Wykes L, Schricker T, Mazza L, Carli F, Danjoux G, Thomas D, Lennox PH, Henderson C, Martin L, Mitchell GW, Vaghadia H, Jassal R, Thomson IR, Hudson RJ, McGuire G, Manninen P, El-Beheiry H, Lozano A, Wennberg R, Archer DP, Tang TK, Staveley IR, Goldstein DH, VanDenKerkhof EG, Hall RI, Rocker GM, O'Connor JP, Dunham JI, Mikelberg FS, Dulovic G, Jenkins KL, Correa R, Wong DT, McGuire GP, Fayad AA, Paul J, Yang H, Sawchuk C, Brown KA, Bates JH, Edington R, Pridham J, Mukherji J, Karski JM, Balatbat J, Carroll J, Chun R, Cheng DC, Karski J, DeBrouwere R, Mathieu M, Carroll J, Feindel C, Cheng D, Clairoux M, Coutu S, McCluskey SA, Karkouti K, Ghannam M, Jewett M, Rampersaud R, Yau T, Quirt I, Carver ED, Kim P, Crawford MW, Finley GA, Breau LM, McGrath PJ, Camfield C, Mak PH, Hui TW, Irwin MG, Carli F, Trudel J, Belliveau P, Mayo N, Clunie ML, Crone LL, Klassen LJ, Yip RW, Hubert B, Radomski M, Blaise G, Renzi PM, Paradis MC, Martin R, Parent M, Parent P, Gagnon D, Tétrault JP, Prabhu AJ, Philip BK, Higgins PP, Blanshard HJ, van Rensselaer S, Chung FF, Caraiscos VB, MacDonald JF, Orser BA, Schreiber M, Georgieff M, Jin F, Chung F, Tong D, Reiz JL, Harsanyi Z, Miceli PC, Darke AC, Roy JS, St-Pierre J, Norman PH, Daley MD, Turner KE, Parlow JL, Tod DA, Avery ND, Nicole PC, Trépanier CA, Lessard MR, Marcoux S, Cowie DA, Gelb AW, Shoemaker JK, Baskett R, Lim BC, Dangor A, Morgan PJ, Cleave-Hogg D, Doyle DJ, Byrick R, Filipovi D, Cashin F, Chiu M, Kemp TJ, Bryson GL, Cleland MJ, Crosby ET, Harioka T, Nomura K, Ando N, Ikegami N, Aoki T, Maltby JR, Beriault MT, Watson NC, Liepert DJ, Fick GH, Maltby JR, Liepert D, Prabhu AJ, Correa RK, Wong DT, Chung F, Goyagi T, Bhardwaj A, Hum PD, Traystman RD, Kirsch JR, Bainbridge DT, Swaminathan M, McCreath BJ, Djaiani G, Grocott HP, Day F, Karski J, Djaiani G, Tan J, Cheng D, Wake PJ, Ali M, Karski J, Sui S, Guenther C, Mullen J, Bentley M, Koshal A, Finegan B, Murtha W, Fredrickson MJ, Luginbuehl IA, Bissonnette B, Granton JT, Platt H, Craen RA. Learning fiberoptic intubation on a simple model transfers to the O.R. Can J Anaesth. 2001 Jun; 48(Suppl 1):A2-A50. PMID: 27688127.
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