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Stephen Kraft

TitleSurgeon
InstitutionThe Hospital for Sick Children
DepartmentOphthalmology
Address555 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1X8
Phone416-813-1500
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Szigiato AA, Caldwell M, Buys YM, Kraft SP, Mireskandari K. Population trends in adult strabismus surgery. Can J Ophthalmol. 2019 Aug; 54(4):501-508. PMID: 31358151.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kraft S. What Did They Know Then? A Journey Among the Giants of the Past. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2018 Jan-Mar; 68(1):34-44. PMID: 30196780.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Connor AJ, Kraft SP. Intraoperative intorsional traction test of the inferior oblique. Eye (Lond). 2018 02; 32(2):384-390. PMID: 28912520.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sharma A, Smith D, Kraft SP, Ali A, Foster RS, Suh DW. Reply. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Apr; 164:147. PMID: 26944754.
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    5. Sharma A, Foster RS, Suh DW, Smith D, Kraft SP, Ali A. Idiopathic Enlargement of the Extraocular Muscles in Young Patients: A Case Series. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jan; 161:206-13. PMID: 26521716.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Ngo C, Smith D, Kraft SP. Reply: To PMID 26059668. J AAPOS. 2015 Oct; 19(5):490-1. PMID: 26486046.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Astudillo PP, Cotesta M, Schofield J, Kraft S, Mireskandari K. The Effect of Achieving Immediate Target Angle on Success of Strabismus Surgery in Children. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Nov; 160(5):913-8. PMID: 26210862.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ngo CS, Smith D, Kraft SP. The accuracy of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in localizing extraocular rectus muscles insertions. J AAPOS. 2015 Jun; 19(3):233-6. PMID: 26059668.
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    9. Ngo CS, Araya MP, Kraft SP. Cyclic strabismus in adults. J AAPOS. 2015 Jun; 19(3):279-81.e1-2. PMID: 26059677.
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    10. Mireskandari K, Schofield J, Cotesta M, Stephens D, Kraft SP. Achieving postoperative target range increases success of strabismus surgery in adults: a case for adjustable sutures? Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec; 99(12):1697-701. PMID: 25990655.
      View in: PubMed
    11. del Pilar González M, Kraft SP. Outcomes of three different vertical rectus muscle transposition procedures for complete abducens nerve palsy. J AAPOS. 2015 Apr; 19(2):150-6. PMID: 25828817.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Kekunnaya R, Kraft S, Rao VB, Velez FG, Sachdeva V, Hunter DG. Surgical management of strabismus in Duane retraction syndrome. J AAPOS. 2015 Feb; 19(1):63-9. PMID: 25727590.
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    13. Kraft SP. Orthoptics and ophthalmology: a longstanding collaboration. Strabismus. 2013 Jun; 21(2):60. PMID: 23713921.
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    14. Kraft SP. Introduction. Am Orthopt J. 2013; 63:55-6. PMID: 24141751.
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    15. Khan HA, Smith DR, Kraft SP. Localising rectus muscle insertions using high frequency wide-field ultrasound biomicroscopy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012 May; 96(5):683-7. PMID: 22223747.
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    16. Mireskandari K, Cotesta M, Schofield J, Kraft SP. Utility of adjustable sutures in primary strabismus surgery and reoperations. Ophthalmology. 2012 Mar; 119(3):629-33. PMID: 22115713.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Sturm V, Kraft SP, Landau K. Horizontal and vertical angle kappa. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2011 Apr; 228(4):322-5. PMID: 21484638.
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    18. Facciani J, Kraft SP. Resecting the lateral rectus in unilateral duane syndrome. Binocul Vis Strabolog Q Simms Romano. 2011; 26(4):199-200. PMID: 22204541.
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    19. Gill HS, Kraft SP. Long-term efficacy of botulinum a toxin for blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. Can J Neurol Sci. 2010 Sep; 37(5):631-6. PMID: 21059510.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Kraft SP. Lateral rectus resection strabismus surgery in unilateral duane syndrome with esotropia and limited abduction. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2010; 25(3):149-57. PMID: 20923408.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Lim HT, Smith DR, Kraft SP, Buncic JR. Dissociated vertical deviation in patients with intermittent exotropia. J AAPOS. 2008 Aug; 12(4):390-5. PMID: 18329927.
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    22. Solarte CE, Smith DR, Buncic JR, Tehrani NN, Kraft SP. Evaluation of vertical rectus muscles using ultrasound biomicroscopy. J AAPOS. 2008 Apr; 12(2):128-31. PMID: 18329928.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Morad Y, Lee H, Westall C, Kraft SP, Panton C, Sapir-Pichhadze R, Eizenman M. Dynamic fusional vergence eye movements in congenital esotropia. Open Ophthalmol J. 2008 Feb 06; 2:9-14. PMID: 19478923.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Nazemi F, Markowitz SN, Kraft S. Treatment of anisometropic amblyopia in older children using macular stimulation with telescopic magnification. Can J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 43(1):100-4. PMID: 18204496.
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    25. Kraft SP. Adult strabismus surgery: more than just cosmetic. Can J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 43(1):9-12. PMID: 18204503.
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    26. Kraft SP, Long QB, Irving EL. Dissociated hypotropia: clinical features and surgical management of two cases. J AAPOS. 2006 Oct; 10(5):389-93. PMID: 17070470.
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    27. Dai S, Kraft SP, Smith DR, Buncic JR. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in strabismus reoperations. J AAPOS. 2006 Jun; 10(3):202-5. PMID: 16814170.
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    28. Ganesh A, Smith C, Chan W, Unger S, Quercia N, Godfrey M, Kraft S, Buncic R, Levin A. Immunohistochemical evaluation of conjunctival fibrillin-1 in Marfan syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 2006 Feb; 124(2):205-9. PMID: 16476890.
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    29. Kraft SP. Re: a study to determine: should conventional amounts of eye muscle surgery for horizontal binocular deviations be changed when oblique muscle weakening procedures are simultaneously performed? Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2005; 20(2):68; discussion 68-9. PMID: 16042533.
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    30. Reed MJ, Kraft SP. Vision health care providers' attitudes and experiences with preschool vision screening in Ontario. Optom Vis Sci. 2004 Jul; 81(7):548-53. PMID: 15252355.
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    31. Kraft SP, Irving EL. A case of different null zones for distance and near fixation. Am Orthopt J. 2004; 54:102-11. PMID: 21149093.
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    32. Behbehani A, Kraft S, Buncic JR, Levin AV. Ophthalmic assessment of children before renal transplantation. Can J Ophthalmol. 2003 Aug; 38(5):379-84. PMID: 12956279.
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    33. Wygnanski-Jaffe T, Trotter J, Watts P, Kraft SP, Abdolell M. Preoperative prism adaptation in acquired esotropia with convergence excess. J AAPOS. 2003 Feb; 7(1):28-33. PMID: 12690366.
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    34. Watts P, Smith D, Mackeen L, Kraft S, Buncic JR, Abdolell M. Evaluation of the ultrasound biomicroscope in strabismus surgery. J AAPOS. 2002 Jun; 6(3):187-90. PMID: 12075296.
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    35. González EG, Steeves JK, Kraft SP, Gallie BL, Steinbach MJ. Foveal and eccentric acuity in one-eyed observers. Behav Brain Res. 2002 Jan 07; 128(1):71-80. PMID: 11755691.
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    36. Morad Y, Kraft SP, Mims JL. Unilateral recession and resection in Duane syndrome. J AAPOS. 2001 Jun; 5(3):158-63. PMID: 11404742.
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    37. Deangelis DD, Kraft SP. The double-bellied inferior oblique muscle: clinical correlates. J AAPOS. 2001 Apr; 5(2):76-81. PMID: 11304813.
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    38. Morad Y, Weinstock VM, Kraft SP. Outcome of inferior oblique recession with or without vertical rectus recession for unilateral superior oblique paresis. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 2001; 16(1):23-8. PMID: 11240933.
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    39. Quinn AG, Kraft SP, Day C, Taylor RS, Levin AV. A prospective evaluation of anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle, with and without resection, in the treatment of dissociated vertical deviation. J AAPOS. 2000 Dec; 4(6):348-53. PMID: 11124669.
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    40. Cheung JC, Dick PT, Kraft SP, Yamada J, Macarthur C. Strabismus examination by telemedicine. Ophthalmology. 2000 Nov; 107(11):1999-2005. PMID: 11054321.
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    41. Kraft SP, Nabi NU, Wilson ME, Roarty JD, Budning AS, De Faber JT, Ellis GS, Pritchard C. Bilateral idiopathic Brown's syndrome with delayed onset in the second eye. J AAPOS. 2000 Jun; 4(3):158-63. PMID: 10849392.
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    42. De Angelis D, Makar I, Kraft SP. Anatomic variations of the inferior oblique muscle: a potential cause of failed inferior oblique weakening surgery. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Oct; 128(4):485-8. PMID: 10577590.
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    43. Steeves JK, Reed MJ, Steinbach MJ, Kraft SP. Monocular horizontal OKN in observers with early- and late-onset strabismus. Behav Brain Res. 1999 Sep; 103(2):135-43. PMID: 10513582.
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    44. Eizenman M, Westall CA, Geer I, Smith K, Chatterjee S, Panton CM, Kraft SP, Skarf B. Electrophysiological evidence of cortical fusion in children with early-onset esotropia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 Feb; 40(2):354-62. PMID: 9950593.
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    45. Irving EL, Goltz HC, Steinbach MJ, Kraft SP. Vertical latent nystagmus component and vertical saccadic asymmetries in subjects with dissociated vertical deviation. J AAPOS. 1998 Dec; 2(6):344-50. PMID: 10532722.
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    46. Westall CA, Eizenman M, Kraft SP, Panton CM, Chatterjee S, Sigesmund D. Cortical binocularity and monocular optokinetic asymmetry in early-onset esotropia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1998 Jul; 39(8):1352-60. PMID: 9660483.
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    47. Kraft SP. Outcome criteria in strabismus surgery. Can J Ophthalmol. 1998 Jun; 33(4):237-9. PMID: 9660009.
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    48. Dengis CA, Steinbach MJ, Kraft SP. Registered eye position: short- and long-term effects of botulinum toxin injected into eye muscle. Exp Brain Res. 1998 Apr; 119(4):475-82. PMID: 9588782.
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    49. Weinstock VM, Weinstock DJ, Kraft SP. Screening for childhood strabismus by primary care physicians. Can Fam Physician. 1998 Feb; 44:337-43. PMID: 9512837.
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    50. Kushner BJ, Egbert JE, Ellis FJ, Foster RS, Kowal L, Kraft SP, Lueder GT. Grand rounds #49: A case of bilateral asymmetric Duane syndrome with fixation with the more affected eye. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 1998; 13(1):38-44. PMID: 9852425.
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    51. Eino D, Kraft SP. Postoperative drifts after adjustable-suture strabismus surgery. Can J Ophthalmol. 1997 Apr; 32(3):163-9. PMID: 9131279.
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    52. Taylor RH, Kraft SP. Aplasia of the inferior rectus muscle. A case report and review of the literature. Ophthalmology. 1997 Mar; 104(3):415-8. PMID: 9082265.
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    53. Goltz HC, Irving EL, Hill JA, Kraft SP, Steinbach MJ. Dissociated vertical deviation: head and body orientation affect the amplitude and velocity of the vertical drift. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1996 Nov-Dec; 33(6):307-13. PMID: 8934413.
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    54. Ainsworth JR, Kraft SP. Long-term changes in duration of relief with botulinum toxin treatment of essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. Ophthalmology. 1995 Dec; 102(12):2036-40. PMID: 9098314.
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    55. Kraft SP, Levin AV, Enzenauer RW. Unilateral surgery for exotropia with convergence weakness. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1995 May-Jun; 32(3):183-7. PMID: 7636700.
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    56. Dickson JS, Kraft SP, Jay V, Blaser S. A case of unilateral congenitally enlarged extraocular muscles. Ophthalmology. 1994 Dec; 101(12):1902-7. PMID: 7997326.
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    57. Kraft SP, O'Reilly C, Quigley PL, Allan K, Eustis HS. Cyclotorsion in unilateral and bilateral superior oblique paresis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1993 Nov-Dec; 30(6):361-7. PMID: 8120740.
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    58. Hofley P, Roarty J, McGinnity G, Griffiths AM, Marcon M, Kraft S, Sherman P. Asymptomatic uveitis in children with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1993 Nov; 17(4):397-400. PMID: 8145095.
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    59. Dengis CA, Steinbach MJ, Ono H, Kraft SP, Smith DR, Graham JE. Egocenter location in children with strabismus: in the median plane and unchanged by surgery. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1993 Sep; 34(10):2990-5. PMID: 8360029.
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    60. Giaschi DE, Regan D, Kraft SP, Kothe AC. Crowding and contrast in amblyopia. Optom Vis Sci. 1993 Mar; 70(3):192-7. PMID: 8483578.
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    61. Regan D, Giaschi DE, Kraft SP, Kothe AC. Method for identifying amblyopes whose reduced line acuity is caused by defective selection and/or control of gaze. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1992 Oct; 12(4):425-32. PMID: 1293529.
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    62. Kraft SP, O'Donoghue EP, Roarty JD. Improvement of compensatory head postures after strabismus surgery. Ophthalmology. 1992 Aug; 99(8):1301-8. PMID: 1513584.
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    63. Giaschi DE, Regan D, Kraft SP, Hong XH. Defective processing of motion-defined form in the fellow eye of patients with unilateral amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1992 Jul; 33(8):2483-9. PMID: 1634346.
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    64. Sullivan TJ, Kraft SP, Burack C, O'Reilly C. A functional scoring method for the field of binocular single vision. Ophthalmology. 1992 Apr; 99(4):575-81. PMID: 1584576.
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    65. Weston B, Enzenauer RW, Kraft SP, Gayowsky GR. Stability of the postoperative alignment in adjustable-suture strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1991 Jul-Aug; 28(4):206-11. PMID: 1919967.
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    66. Taylor JD, Kraft SP, Kazdan MS, Flanders M, Cadera W, Orton RB. Treatment of blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm with botulinum A toxin: a Canadian multicentre study. Can J Ophthalmol. 1991 Apr; 26(3):133-8. PMID: 2054723.
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    67. Kraft SP, Jacobson ME. Techniques of adjustable suture strabismus surgery. Ophthalmic Surg. 1990 Sep; 21(9):633-40. PMID: 2250871.
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    68. Wortham E, Anandakrishnan I, Kraft SP, Smith D, Morin JD. Are antibiotic-steroid drops necessary following strabismus surgery? A prospective, randomized, masked trial. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1990 Jul-Aug; 27(4):205-7. PMID: 2118177.
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    69. Green BF, Kraft SP, Carter KD, Buncic JR, Nerad JA, Armstrong D. Intraorbital wood. Detection by magnetic resonance imaging. Ophthalmology. 1990 May; 97(5):608-11. PMID: 2188193.
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    70. Musarella MA, Weleber RG, Murphey WH, Young RS, Anson-Cartwright L, Mets M, Kraft SP, Polemeno R, Litt M, Worton RG. Assignment of the gene for complete X-linked congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB1) to Xp11.3. Genomics. 1989 Nov; 5(4):727-37. PMID: 2574143.
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    71. Kraft SP, Lang AE. Cranial dystonia, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm: clinical features and treatment, including the use of botulinum toxin. CMAJ. 1988 Nov 01; 139(9):837-44. PMID: 3052771.
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    72. Kraft SP, Lang AE. Botulinum toxin injections in the treatment of blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, and eyelid fasciculations. Can J Neurol Sci. 1988 Aug; 15(3):276-80. PMID: 3208210.
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    73. Kraft SP. A surgical approach for Duane syndrome. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1988 May-Jun; 25(3):119-30. PMID: 3397857.
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    74. Woodruff G, O'Reilly C, Kraft SP. Functional scoring of the field of binocular single vision in patients with diplopia. Ophthalmology. 1987 Dec; 94(12):1554-61. PMID: 3431826.
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    75. Kraft SP, Christianson MD, Crawford JS, Wagman RD, Antoszyk JH. Traumatic hyphema in children. Treatment with epsilon-aminocaproic acid. Ophthalmology. 1987 Oct; 94(10):1232-7. PMID: 3317180.
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    76. Kraft SP, Scott WE. Masked bilateral superior oblique palsy: clinical features and diagnosis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1986 Nov-Dec; 23(6):264-72. PMID: 3454367.
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    77. Kraft SP, Scott WE. Four-muscle surgery for infantile esotropia with V-pattern. Can J Ophthalmol. 1986 Jun; 21(4):125-9. PMID: 3730918.
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    78. Scott WE, Kraft SP. Classification and surgical treatment of superior oblique palsies: I. Unilateral superior oblique palsies. Trans New Orleans Acad Ophthalmol. 1986; 34:15-38. PMID: 3726951.
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    79. Scott WE, Kraft SP. Classification and treatment of superior oblique palsies: II. Bilateral superior oblique palsies. Trans New Orleans Acad Ophthalmol. 1986; 34:265-91. PMID: 3726957.
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    80. Scott AB, Kraft SP. Botulinum toxin injection in the management of lateral rectus paresis. Ophthalmology. 1985 May; 92(5):676-83. PMID: 4011142.
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    81. Kraft SP, Judisch GF, Grayson DM. Megalocornea: a clinical and echographic study of an autosomal dominant pedigree. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1984 Sep-Oct; 21(5):190-3. PMID: 6389819.
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    82. Scott WE, Kraft SP. Surgical treatment of compensatory head position in congenital nystagmus. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1984 May-Jun; 21(3):85-95. PMID: 6726562.
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    83. Kraft SP, Scott WE. Surgery for congenital esotropia--an age comparison study. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1984 Mar-Apr; 21(2):57-68. PMID: 6726556.
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    84. Kraft SP, Crawford JS. Silicone tube intubation in disorders of the lacrimal system in children. Am J Ophthalmol. 1982 Sep; 94(3):290-9. PMID: 7124875.
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