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Vann Chau

TitleStaff Neurologist
InstitutionThe Hospital for Sick Children
DepartmentNeurology
Address555 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1X8
Phone416-813-1500
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Duerden EG, Halani S, Ng K, Guo T, Foong J, Glass TJA, Chau V, Branson HM, Sled JG, Whyte HE, Kelly EN, Miller SP. White matter injury predicts disrupted functional connectivity and microstructure in very preterm born neonates. Neuroimage Clin. 2018 Nov 13. PMID: 30458986.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mukherjee S, Cheng I, Miller S, Guo T, Chau V, Basu A. A fast segmentation-free fully automated approach to white matter injury detection in preterm infants. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2018 Jul 06. PMID: 29981051.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Guo T, Chau V, Peyvandi S, Latal B, McQuillen PS, Knirsch W, Synnes A, Feldmann M, Naef N, Chakravarty MM, De Petrillo A, Duerden EG, Barkovich AJ, Miller SP. White matter injury in term neonates with congenital heart diseases: Topology & comparison with preterm newborns. Neuroimage. 2018 Jun 15. PMID: 29890324.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Bierstone D, Wagenaar N, Gano DL, Guo T, Georgio G, Groenendaal F, de Vries LS, Varghese J, Glass HC, Chung C, Terry J, Rijpert M, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Benders M, Chau V, Miller SP. Association of Histologic Chorioamnionitis With Perinatal Brain Injury and Early Childhood Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Among Preterm Neonates. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Jun 01; 172(6):534-541. PMID: 29610829.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Peyvandi S, Chau V, Guo T, Xu D, Glass HC, Synnes A, Poskitt K, Barkovich AJ, Miller SP, McQuillen PS. Neonatal Brain Injury and Timing of Neurodevelopmental Assessment in Patients With Congenital Heart Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 May 08; 71(18):1986-1996. PMID: 29724352.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Glass TJA, Chau V, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Guo T, Duerden EG, Foong J, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Multiple Postnatal Infections in Newborns Born Preterm Predict Delayed Maturation of Motor Pathways at Term-Equivalent Age with Poorer Motor Outcomes at 3 Years. J Pediatr. 2018 May; 196:91-97.e1. PMID: 29398063.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Duerden EG, Grunau RE, Guo T, Foong J, Pearson A, Au-Young S, Lavoie R, Chakravarty MM, Chau V, Synnes A, Miller SP. Early Procedural Pain Is Associated with Regionally-Specific Alterations in Thalamic Development in Preterm Neonates. J Neurosci. 2018 Jan 24; 38(4):878-886. PMID: 29255007.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kamino D, Studholme C, Liu M, Chau V, Miller SP, Synnes A, Rogers EE, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Brant R, Tam EWY. Postnatal polyunsaturated fatty acids associated with larger preterm brain tissue volumes and better outcomes. Pediatr Res. 2018 Jan; 83(1-1):93-101. PMID: 28915231.
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    9. Bruun TUJ, DesRoches CL, Wilson D, Chau V, Nakagawa T, Yamasaki M, Hasegawa S, Fukao T, Marshall C, Mercimek-Andrews S. Prospective cohort study for identification of underlying genetic causes in neonatal encephalopathy using whole-exome sequencing. Genet Med. 2018 04; 20(5):486-494. PMID: 28817111.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rajagopalan V, Scott JA, Liu M, Poskitt K, Chau V, Miller S, Studholme C. Complementary cortical gray and white matter developmental patterns in healthy, preterm neonates. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 09; 38(9):4322-4336. PMID: 28608653.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Glass TJA, Chau V, Gardiner J, Foong J, Vinall J, Zwicker JG, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Severe retinopathy of prematurity predicts delayed white matter maturation and poorer neurodevelopment. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2017 Nov; 102(6):F532-F537. PMID: 28536205.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Lemyre B, Ly L, Chau V, Chacko A, Barrowman N, Whyte H, Miller SP. Initiation of passive cooling at referring centre is most predictive of achieving early therapeutic hypothermia in asphyxiated newborns. Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Aug; 22(5):264-268. PMID: 29479231.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Guo T, Duerden EG, Adams E, Chau V, Branson HM, Chakravarty MM, Poskitt KJ, Synnes A, Grunau RE, Miller SP. Quantitative assessment of white matter injury in preterm neonates: Association with outcomes. Neurology. 2017 Feb 14; 88(7):614-622. PMID: 28100727.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Wagenaar N, Chau V, Groenendaal F, Kersbergen KJ, Poskitt KJ, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Duerden EG, de Vries LS, Miller SP, Benders MJNL. Clinical Risk Factors for Punctate White Matter Lesions on Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Preterm Newborns. J Pediatr. 2017 03; 182:34-40.e1. PMID: 28063691.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Malavolti AM, Chau V, Brown-Lum M, Poskitt KJ, Brant R, Synnes A, Grunau RE, Miller SP. Association between corpus callosum development on magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, and neurodevelopmental outcome in neonates born very preterm. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2017 04; 59(4):433-440. PMID: 27976377.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Podrebarac SK, Duerden EG, Chau V, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Oberlander TF, Miller SP. Antenatal exposure to antidepressants is associated with altered brain development in very preterm-born neonates. Neuroscience. 2017 02 07; 342:252-262. PMID: 27890829.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Sanatani S, Chau V, Fournier A, Dixon A, Blondin R, Sheldon RS. Canadian Cardiovascular Society and Canadian Pediatric Cardiology Association Position Statement on the Approach to Syncope in the Pediatric Patient. Can J Cardiol. 2017 02; 33(2):189-198. PMID: 27838109.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Kawahara J, Brown CJ, Miller SP, Booth BG, Chau V, Grunau RE, Zwicker JG, Hamarneh G. BrainNetCNN: Convolutional neural networks for brain networks; towards predicting neurodevelopment. Neuroimage. 2017 02 01; 146:1038-1049. PMID: 27693612.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Merhar SL, Chau V. Neuroimaging and Other Neurodiagnostic Tests in Neonatal Encephalopathy. Clin Perinatol. 2016 Sep; 43(3):511-27. PMID: 27524451.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Birca A, Vakorin VA, Porayette P, Madathil S, Chau V, Seed M, Doesburg SM, Blaser S, Nita DA, Sharma R, Duerden EG, Hickey EJ, Miller SP, Hahn CD. Interplay of brain structure and function in neonatal congenital heart disease. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2016 09; 3(9):708-22. PMID: 27648460.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Chakkarapani E, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Synnes A, Kwan E, Roland E, Miller SP. Low plasma magnesium is associated with impaired brain metabolism in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Acta Paediatr. 2016 Sep; 105(9):1067-73. PMID: 27336238.
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    22. Lim JM, Kingdom T, Saini B, Chau V, Post M, Blaser S, Macgowan C, Miller SP, Seed M. Cerebral oxygen delivery is reduced in newborns with congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 10; 152(4):1095-103. PMID: 27349283.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Peyvandi S, De Santiago V, Chakkarapani E, Chau V, Campbell A, Poskitt KJ, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Miller S, McQuillen P. Association of Prenatal Diagnosis of Critical Congenital Heart Disease With Postnatal Brain Development and the Risk of Brain Injury. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 170(4):e154450. PMID: 26902528.
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    24. Duerden EG, Guo T, Dodbiba L, Chakravarty MM, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Synnes A, Grunau RE, Miller SP. Midazolam dose correlates with abnormal hippocampal growth and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. Ann Neurol. 2016 Apr; 79(4):548-59. PMID: 26754148.
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    25. Tam EW, Chau V, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Miller SP, Rogers EE, Grunau RE, Synnes AR, Xu D, Foong J, Brant R, Innis SM. Early postnatal docosahexaenoic acid levels and improved preterm brain development. Pediatr Res. 2016 05; 79(5):723-30. PMID: 26761122.
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    26. Zwicker JG, Miller SP, Grunau RE, Chau V, Brant R, Studholme C, Liu M, Synnes A, Poskitt KJ, Stiver ML, Tam EW. Smaller Cerebellar Growth and Poorer Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Very Preterm Infants Exposed to Neonatal Morphine. J Pediatr. 2016 05; 172:81-87.e2. PMID: 26763312.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Liu M, Kitsch A, Miller S, Chau V, Poskitt K, Rousseau F, Shaw D, Studholme C. Patch-based augmentation of Expectation-Maximization for brain MRI tissue segmentation at arbitrary age after premature birth. Neuroimage. 2016 Feb 15; 127:387-408. PMID: 26702777; PMCID: PMC4755845 [Available on 02/15/17].
    28. Booth BG, Miller SP, Brown CJ, Poskitt KJ, Chau V, Grunau RE, Synnes AR, Hamarneh G. STEAM - Statistical Template Estimation for Abnormality Mapping: A personalized DTI analysis technique with applications to the screening of preterm infants. Neuroimage. 2016 Jan 15; 125:705-723. PMID: 26515903.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Chakkarapani E, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP, Zwicker JG, Xu Q, Wong DS, Roland EH, Hill A, Chau V. Reliability of Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Necessity of Repeating MRI in Noncooled and Cooled Infants With Neonatal Encephalopathy. J Child Neurol. 2016 Apr; 31(5):553-9. PMID: 26323498.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Ranasinghe S, Or G, Wang EY, Ievins A, McLean MA, Niell CM, Chau V, Wong PK, Glass HC, Sullivan J, McQuillen PS. Reduced Cortical Activity Impairs Development and Plasticity after Neonatal Hypoxia Ischemia. J Neurosci. 2015 Aug 26; 35(34):11946-59. PMID: 26311776; PMCID: PMC4549405.
    31. Guo T, Winterburn JL, Pipitone J, Duerden EG, Park MT, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Miller SP, Mallar Chakravarty M. Automatic segmentation of the hippocampus for preterm neonates from early-in-life to term-equivalent age. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 9:176-93. PMID: 26740912; PMCID: PMC4561668.
    32. Ranger M, Zwicker JG, Chau CM, Park MT, Chakravarthy MM, Poskitt K, Miller SP, Bjornson BH, Tam EW, Chau V, Synnes AR, Grunau RE. Neonatal Pain and Infection Relate to Smaller Cerebellum in Very Preterm Children at School Age. J Pediatr. 2015 Aug; 167(2):292-8.e1. PMID: 25987534.
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    33. Cheng I, Miller SP, Duerden EG, Sun K, Chau V, Adams E, Poskitt KJ, Branson HM, Basu A. Stochastic process for white matter injury detection in preterm neonates. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 7:622-30. PMID: 25844316; PMCID: PMC4375636.
    34. Brown CJ, Miller SP, Booth BG, Andrews S, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Hamarneh G. Structural network analysis of brain development in young preterm neonates. Neuroimage. 2014 Nov 01; 101:667-80. PMID: 25076107.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Chau V, Fehlings D, Miller SP. Further evidence for botulinum toxin A in cerebral palsy. J Pediatr. 2014 Jul; 165(1):15-7. PMID: 24787538.
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    36. Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Dunham CP, Hendson G, Miller SP. Magnetic resonance imaging in the encephalopathic term newborn. Curr Pediatr Rev. 2014; 10(1):28-36. PMID: 25055861.
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    37. Chau V, McFadden DE, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Chorioamnionitis in the pathogenesis of brain injury in preterm infants. Clin Perinatol. 2014 Mar; 41(1):83-103. PMID: 24524448.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Chau V, Synnes A, Grunau RE, Poskitt KJ, Brant R, Miller SP. Abnormal brain maturation in preterm neonates associated with adverse developmental outcomes. Neurology. 2013 Dec 10; 81(24):2082-9. PMID: 24212394; PMCID: PMC3863348.
    39. Gano D, Sargent MA, Miller SP, Connolly MB, Wong P, Glass HC, Poskitt KJ, Chau V. MRI findings in infants with infantile spasms after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Neurol. 2013 Dec; 49(6):401-5. PMID: 24095571; PMCID: PMC4117575.
    40. Duerden EG, Brown-Lum M, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Miller SP. Resuscitation intensity at birth is associated with changes in brain metabolic development in preterm neonates. Neuroradiology. 2013 Sep; 55 Suppl 2:47-54. PMID: 23921419.
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    41. Dimitropoulos A, McQuillen PS, Sethi V, Moosa A, Chau V, Xu D, Brant R, Azakie A, Campbell A, Barkovich AJ, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Brain injury and development in newborns with critical congenital heart disease. Neurology. 2013 Jul 16; 81(3):241-8. PMID: 23771484; PMCID: PMC3770166.
    42. Chau V, Taylor MJ, Miller SP. Visual function in preterm infants: visualizing the brain to improve prognosis. Doc Ophthalmol. 2013 Aug; 127(1):41-55. PMID: 23761036.
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    43. Gano D, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Hill A, Roland E, Brant R, Chalmers M, Miller SP. Evolution of pattern of injury and quantitative MRI on days 1 and 3 in term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Res. 2013 Jul; 74(1):82-7. PMID: 23618911.
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    44. Sethi V, Tabbutt S, Dimitropoulos A, Harris KC, Chau V, Poskitt K, Campbell A, Azakie A, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Miller SP, McQuillen PS. Single-ventricle anatomy predicts delayed microstructural brain development. Pediatr Res. 2013 May; 73(5):661-7. PMID: 23407116; PMCID: PMC3631295.
    45. Zwicker JG, Grunau RE, Adams E, Chau V, Brant R, Poskitt KJ, Synnes A, Miller SP. Score for neonatal acute physiology-II and neonatal pain predict corticospinal tract development in premature newborns. Pediatr Neurol. 2013 Feb; 48(2):123-129.e1. PMID: 23337005; PMCID: PMC4489879.
    46. Vinall J, Grunau RE, Brant R, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Synnes AR, Miller SP. Slower postnatal growth is associated with delayed cerebral cortical maturation in preterm newborns. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Jan 16; 5(168):168ra8. PMID: 23325801.
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    47. Vinall J, Miller SP, Chau V, Brummelte S, Synnes AR, Grunau RE. Neonatal pain in relation to postnatal growth in infants born very preterm. Pain. 2012 Jul; 153(7):1374-81. PMID: 22704600.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Magnetic resonance imaging in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: still a cool test. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Jul 01; 166(7):669-71. PMID: 22751888.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Brummelte S, Grunau RE, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Brant R, Vinall J, Gover A, Synnes AR, Miller SP. Procedural pain and brain development in premature newborns. Ann Neurol. 2012 Mar; 71(3):385-96. PMID: 22374882; PMCID: PMC3760843.
    50. Chau V, Brant R, Poskitt KJ, Tam EW, Synnes A, Miller SP. Postnatal infection is associated with widespread abnormalities of brain development in premature newborns. Pediatr Res. 2012 Mar; 71(3):274-9. PMID: 22278180; PMCID: PMC3940469.
    51. Buser JR, Maire J, Riddle A, Gong X, Nguyen T, Nelson K, Luo NL, Ren J, Struve J, Sherman LS, Miller SP, Chau V, Hendson G, Ballabh P, Grafe MR, Back SA. Arrested preoligodendrocyte maturation contributes to myelination failure in premature infants. Ann Neurol. 2012 Jan; 71(1):93-109. PMID: 22275256; PMCID: PMC3270934.
    52. Tam EW, Chau V, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Poskitt KJ, Studholme C, Fok ED, Grunau RE, Glidden DV, Miller SP. Preterm cerebellar growth impairment after postnatal exposure to glucocorticoids. Sci Transl Med. 2011 Oct 19; 3(105):105ra105. PMID: 22013125; PMCID: PMC3682111.
    53. Chang BA, Huang Q, Quan J, Chau V, Ladd M, Kwan E, McFadden DE, Lacaze-Masmonteil T, Miller SP, Lavoie PM. Early inflammation in the absence of overt infection in preterm neonates exposed to intensive care. Cytokine. 2011 Dec; 56(3):621-6. PMID: 21940177; PMCID: PMC4494824.
    54. Glass HC, Bowman C, Chau V, Moosa A, Hersh AL, Campbell A, Poskitt K, Azakie A, Barkovich AJ, Miller SP, McQuillen PS. Infection and white matter injury in infants with congenital cardiac disease. Cardiol Young. 2011 Oct; 21(5):562-71. PMID: 21554828; PMCID: PMC3171591.
    55. Bonifacio SL, Glass HC, Chau V, Berman JI, Xu D, Brant R, Barkovich AJ, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP, Ferriero DM. Extreme premature birth is not associated with impaired development of brain microstructure. J Pediatr. 2010 Nov; 157(5):726-32.e1. PMID: 20598316; PMCID: PMC2957506.
    56. Tam EW, Miller SP, Studholme C, Chau V, Glidden D, Poskitt KJ, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ. Differential effects of intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter injury on preterm cerebellar growth. J Pediatr. 2011 Mar; 158(3):366-71. PMID: 20961562; PMCID: PMC3025266.
    57. Adams E, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Miller SP. Tractography-based quantitation of corticospinal tract development in premature newborns. J Pediatr. 2010 Jun; 156(6):882-888.e1. PMID: 20227731.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Chau V, Poskitt KJ, McFadden DE, Bowen-Roberts T, Synnes A, Brant R, Sargent MA, Soulikias W, Miller SP. Effect of chorioamnionitis on brain development and injury in premature newborns. Ann Neurol. 2009 Aug; 66(2):155-64. PMID: 19743455.
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    59. Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Miller SP. Advanced neuroimaging techniques for the term newborn with encephalopathy. Pediatr Neurol. 2009 Mar; 40(3):181-8. PMID: 19218031.
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    60. Li AM, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Sargent MA, Lupton BA, Hill A, Roland E, Miller SP. White matter injury in term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy. Pediatr Res. 2009 Jan; 65(1):85-9. PMID: 18787422.
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    61. Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Sargent MA, Lupton BA, Hill A, Roland E, Miller SP. Comparison of computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans on the third day of life in term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy. Pediatrics. 2009 Jan; 123(1):319-26. PMID: 19117898.
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    62. Glass HC, Bonifacio SL, Chau V, Glidden D, Poskitt K, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Miller SP. Recurrent postnatal infections are associated with progressive white matter injury in premature infants. Pediatrics. 2008 Aug; 122(2):299-305. PMID: 18676547.
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    63. Chau V, Clément JF, Robitaille Y, D'Anjou G, Vanasse M. Congenital axonal neuropathy and encephalopathy. Pediatr Neurol. 2008 Apr; 38(4):261-6. PMID: 18358405.
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    64. Chau V, Karvelas G, Jacob P, Carmant L. Early treatment of Aicardi syndrome with vigabatrin can improve outcome. Neurology. 2004 Nov 09; 63(9):1756-7. PMID: 15534281.
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