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Carol Westall

TitleSenior Scientist Emeritus
InstitutionThe Hospital for Sick Children
DepartmentResearch Operations
Address555 University Avenue
Toronto ON M5G 1X8
Phone416-813-1500
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Ji X, Wright T, VandenHoven C, MacKeen L, McFarlane M, Liu H, Dupuis A, Westall C. Reliability of Handheld Optical Coherence Tomography in Children Younger Than Three Years of Age Undergoing Vigabatrin Treatment for Childhood Epilepsy. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2020 Feb 12; 9(3):9. PMID: 32704429.
      View in: PubMed
    2. McFarlane MT, Wright T, McCoy B, Snead OC, Westall CA. Retinal defect in children with infantile spasms of varying etiologies: An observational study. Neurology. 2020 02 11; 94(6):e575-e582. PMID: 31792095.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Ji X, McFarlane M, Liu H, Dupuis A, Westall CA. Hand-held, dilation-free, electroretinography in children under 3 years of age treated with vigabatrin. Doc Ophthalmol. 2019 06; 138(3):195-203. PMID: 30826910.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Liu H, Ji X, Dhaliwal S, Rahman SN, McFarlane M, Tumber A, Locke J, Wright T, Vincent A, Westall C. Evaluation of light- and dark-adapted ERGs using a mydriasis-free, portable system: clinical classifications and normative data. Doc Ophthalmol. 2018 12; 137(3):169-181. PMID: 30357588.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Alabduljalil T, Westall CA, Reginald A, Farsiu S, Chiu SJ, Arshavsky A, Toth CA, Lam WC. Demonstration of anatomical development of the human macula within the first 5 years of life using handheld OCT. Int Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul; 39(7):1533-1542. PMID: 29936688.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Clark A, Wright T, Isaac M, Westall C, Mireskandari K, Tehrani NN. Macular morphology following unilateral bevacizumab injection for retinopathy of prematurity: an OCT study. J AAPOS. 2017 Dec; 21(6):499-501.e1. PMID: 29079216.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Wright T, Kumarappah A, Stavropoulos A, Reginald A, Buncic JR, Westall CA. VIGABATRIN TOXICITY IN INFANCY IS ASSOCIATED WITH RETINAL DEFECT IN ADOLESCENCE: A Prospective Observational Study. Retina. 2017 May; 37(5):858-866. PMID: 27552291.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Mezer E, Westall CA, Mirabella G, Wygnanski-Jaffe T, Yagev R, Buncic JR. Measuring recovery of visual function in children with papilledema using sweep visual evoked potentials. J AAPOS. 2016 06; 20(3):252-7. PMID: 27164429.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Vincent A, Ng J, Gerth-Kahlert C, Tavares E, Maynes JT, Wright T, Tiwari A, Tumber A, Li S, Hanson JV, Bahr A, MacDonald H, Bähr L, Westall C, Berger W, Cremers FP, den Hollander AI, Héon E. Biallelic Mutations in CRB1 Underlie Autosomal Recessive Familial Foveal Retinoschisis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 05 01; 57(6):2637-46. PMID: 27258436.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Tan W, Wright T, Rajendran D, Garcia-Sanchez Y, Finkelberg L, Kisilak M, Campbell M, Westall CA. Cone-Photoreceptor Density in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Oct; 56(11):6339-43. PMID: 26517403.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Westall CA, Wright T. Author Response. Neurology. 2015 Aug 18; 85(7):656. PMID: 26505052.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Westall CA, Wright T, Cortese F, Kumarappah A, Snead OC, Buncic JR. Vigabatrin retinal toxicity in children with infantile spasms: An observational cohort study. Neurology. 2014 Dec 09; 83(24):2262-8. PMID: 25381295.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Vincent A, Forster N, Maynes JT, Paton TA, Billingsley G, Roslin NM, Ali A, Sutherland J, Wright T, Westall CA, Paterson AD, Marshall CR, Héon E. OTX2 mutations cause autosomal dominant pattern dystrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium. J Med Genet. 2014 Dec; 51(12):797-805. PMID: 25293953.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Dragas R, Westall C, Wright T. Changes in the ERG d-wave with vigabatrin treatment in a pediatric cohort. Doc Ophthalmol. 2014 Oct; 129(2):97-104. PMID: 25008578.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Tan W, Wright T, Dupuis A, Lakhani E, Westall C. Localizing functional damage in the neural retina of adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Apr 15; 55(4):2432-41. PMID: 24526434.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Vincent A, Wright T, Garcia-Sanchez Y, Kisilak M, Campbell M, Westall C, Héon E. Phenotypic characteristics including in vivo cone photoreceptor mosaic in KCNV2-related "cone dystrophy with supernormal rod electroretinogram". Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Jan 30; 54(1):898-908. PMID: 23221069.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Vincent A, Munier FL, Vandenhoven CC, Wright T, Westall CA, Héon E. The characterization of retinal phenotype in a family with C1QTNF5-related late-onset retinal degeneration. Retina. 2012 Sep; 32(8):1643-51. PMID: 22277927.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Wright T, Cortese F, Nilsson J, Westall C. Analysis of multifocal electroretinograms from a population with type 1 diabetes using partial least squares reveals spatial and temporal distribution of changes to retinal function. Doc Ophthalmol. 2012 Aug; 125(1):31-42. PMID: 22610144.
      View in: PubMed
    19. McFarlane M, Wright T, Stephens D, Nilsson J, Westall CA. Blue flash ERG PhNR changes associated with poor long-term glycemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Feb 13; 53(2):741-8. PMID: 22222270.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Lo A, Sienna J, Mamak E, Djokanovic N, Westall C, Koren G. The effects of maternal supplementation of polyunsaturated Fatty acids on visual, neurobehavioural, and developmental outcomes of the child: a systematic review of the randomized trials. Obstet Gynecol Int. 2012; 2012:591531. PMID: 22315616.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Vincent A, Wright T, Day MA, Westall CA, Héon E. A novel p.Gly603Arg mutation in CACNA1F causes Åland island eye disease and incomplete congenital stationary night blindness phenotypes in a family. Mol Vis. 2011; 17:3262-70. PMID: 22194652.
      View in: PubMed
    22. O'Connor DL, Weishuhn K, Rovet J, Mirabella G, Jefferies A, Campbell DM, Asztalos E, Feldman M, Whyte H, Westall C. Visual development of human milk-fed preterm infants provided with extra energy and nutrients after hospital discharge. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 May; 36(3):349-53. PMID: 22167077.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Wright TJ, Nilsson J, Westall C. Isolating visual evoked responses--comparing signal identification algorithms. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Aug; 28(4):404-11. PMID: 21811132.
      View in: PubMed
    24. McCoy B, Wright T, Weiss S, Go C, Westall CA. Electroretinogram changes in a pediatric population with epilepsy: is vigabatrin acting alone? J Child Neurol. 2011 Jun; 26(6):729-33. PMID: 21343605.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Marmor MF, Brigell MG, McCulloch DL, Westall CA, Bach M. ISCEV standard for clinical electro-oculography (2010 update). Doc Ophthalmol. 2011 Feb; 122(1):1-7. PMID: 21298321.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Vincent A, Wright T, Billingsley G, Westall C, Héon E. Oligocone trichromacy is part of the spectrum of CNGA3-related cone system disorders. Ophthalmic Genet. 2011 Jun; 32(2):107-13. PMID: 21268679.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Sergott RC, Westall CA. Primer on visual field testing, electroretinography, and other visual assessments for patients treated with vigabatrin. Acta Neurol Scand Suppl. 2011; (192):48-56. PMID: 22061180.
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    28. Lakhani E, Wright T, Abdolell M, Westall C. Multifocal ERG defects associated with insufficient long-term glycemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Oct; 51(10):5297-303. PMID: 20484588.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Dracopoulos A, Widjaja E, Raybaud C, Westall CA, Snead OC. Vigabatrin-associated reversible MRI signal changes in patients with infantile spasms. Epilepsia. 2010 Jul; 51(7):1297-304. PMID: 20384718.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Simic N, Westall C, Astzalos EV, Rovet J. Visual abilities at 6 months in preterm infants: impact of thyroid hormone deficiency and neonatal medical morbidity. Thyroid. 2010 Mar; 20(3):309-15. PMID: 20144040.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Aimone A, Rovet J, Ward W, Jefferies A, Campbell DM, Asztalos E, Feldman M, Vaughan J, Westall C, Whyte H, O'Connor DL. Growth and body composition of human milk-fed premature infants provided with extra energy and nutrients early after hospital discharge: 1-year follow-up. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Oct; 49(4):456-66. PMID: 19633578.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Wygnanski-Jaffe T, Panton CM, Buncic JR, Westall CA. Paradoxical robust visual evoked potentials in young patients with cortical blindness. Doc Ophthalmol. 2009 Oct; 119(2):101-7. PMID: 19548015.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Durbin S, Mirabella G, Buncic JR, Westall CA. Reduced grating acuity associated with retinal toxicity in children with infantile spasms on vigabatrin therapy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Aug; 50(8):4011-6. PMID: 19279311.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Nilsson J, Wright T, Westall CA. Rod a-wave analysis using high intensity flashes adds information on rod system function in 25% of clinical ERG recordings. Vision Res. 2008 Aug; 48(18):1920-5. PMID: 18590924.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Gerth C, Mirabella G, Li X, Wright T, Westall C, Colpa L, Wong AM. Timing of surgery for infantile esotropia in humans: effects on cortical motion visual evoked responses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Aug; 49(8):3432-7. PMID: 18441299.
      View in: PubMed
    36. O'Connor DL, Khan S, Weishuhn K, Vaughan J, Jefferies A, Campbell DM, Asztalos E, Feldman M, Rovet J, Westall C, Whyte H. Growth and nutrient intakes of human milk-fed preterm infants provided with extra energy and nutrients after hospital discharge. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr; 121(4):766-76. PMID: 18381542.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Wright T, Nilsson J, Gerth C, Westall C. A comparison of signal detection techniques in the multifocal electroretinogram. Doc Ophthalmol. 2008 Sep; 117(2):163-70. PMID: 18324429.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Morad Y, Lee H, Westall C, Kraft SP, Panton C, Sapir-Pichhadze R, Eizenman M. Dynamic fusional vergence eye movements in congenital esotropia. Open Ophthalmol J. 2008 Feb 06; 2:9-14. PMID: 19478923.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Forooghian F, Adamus G, Sproule M, Westall C, O'Connor P. Enolase autoantibodies and retinal function in multiple sclerosis patients. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2007 Aug; 245(8):1077-84. PMID: 17219105.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Mirabella G, Morong S, Buncic JR, Snead OC, Logan WJ, Weiss SK, Abdolell M, Westall CA. Contrast sensitivity is reduced in children with infantile spasms. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Aug; 48(8):3610-5. PMID: 17652730.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Chang BC, Mirabella G, Yagev R, Banh M, Mezer E, Parkin PC, Westall CA, Buncic JR. Screening and diagnosis of optic pathway gliomas in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 by using sweep visual evoked potentials. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2895-902. PMID: 17525226.
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    42. Gerth C, Wright T, Héon E, Westall CA. Assessment of central retinal function in patients with advanced retinitis pigmentosa. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Mar; 48(3):1312-8. PMID: 17325178.
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    43. Salman MS, Sharpe JA, Eizenman M, Lillakas L, To T, Westall C, Dennis M, Steinbach MJ. Saccadic adaptation in children. J Child Neurol. 2006 Dec; 21(12):1025-31. PMID: 17156692.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Fulton AB, Brecelj J, Lorenz B, Moskowitz A, Thompson D, Westall CA. Pediatric clinical visual electrophysiology: a survey of actual practice. Doc Ophthalmol. 2006 Nov; 113(3):193-204. PMID: 17109158.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Salman MS, Sharpe JA, Eizenman M, Lillakas L, To T, Westall C, Steinbach MJ, Dennis M. Saccadic adaptation in Chiari type II malformation. Can J Neurol Sci. 2006 Nov; 33(4):372-8. PMID: 17168162.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Forooghian F, Sproule M, Westall C, Gordon L, Jirawuthiworavong G, Shimazaki K, O'Connor P. Electroretinographic abnormalities in multiple sclerosis: possible role for retinal autoantibodies. Doc Ophthalmol. 2006 Sep; 113(2):123-32. PMID: 16972082.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Noble J, Forooghian F, Sproule M, Westall C, O'Connor P. Utility of the National Eye Institute VFQ-25 questionnaire in a heterogeneous group of multiple sclerosis patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Sep; 142(3):464-8. PMID: 16935592.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Eizenman M, Sapir-Pichhadze R, Westall CA, Wong AM, Lee H, Morad Y. Eye-movement responses to disparity vergence stimuli with artificial monocular scotomas. Curr Eye Res. 2006 Jun; 31(6):471-80. PMID: 16769606.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Westall CA. Detecting ocular-visual function changes in diabetes. Br J Ophthalmol. 2005 Nov; 89(11):1392-3. PMID: 16234435.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Elia YT, Daneman D, Rovet J, Abdolell M, Lam WC, Till C, Erraguntla V, Rubab S, Lodha N, Westall CA. Color visual evoked potentials in children with type 1 diabetes: relationship to metabolic control. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Nov; 46(11):4107-13. PMID: 16249487.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Till C, Westall CA, Koren G, Nulman I, Rovet JF. Vision abnormalities in young children exposed prenatally to organic solvents. Neurotoxicology. 2005 Aug; 26(4):599-613. PMID: 16054697.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Salman MS, Sharpe JA, Eizenman M, Lillakas L, Westall C, To T, Dennis M, Steinbach MJ. Saccades in children. Vision Res. 2006 Apr; 46(8-9):1432-9. PMID: 16051306.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Salman MS, Sharpe JA, Eizenman M, Lillakas L, To T, Westall C, Steinbach MJ, Dennis M. Saccades in children with spina bifida and Chiari type II malformation. Neurology. 2005 Jun 28; 64(12):2098-101. PMID: 15985580.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Mirabella G, Westall CA, Asztalos E, Perlman K, Koren G, Rovet J. Development of contrast sensitivity in infants with prenatal and neonatal thyroid hormone insufficiencies. Pediatr Res. 2005 Jun; 57(6):902-7. PMID: 15774837.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Hammoudi DS, Lee SS, Madison A, Mirabella G, Buncic JR, Logan WJ, Snead OC, Westall CA. Reduced visual function associated with infantile spasms in children on vigabatrin therapy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Feb; 46(2):514-20. PMID: 15671276.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Héon E, Westall C, Carmi R, Elbedour K, Panton C, Mackeen L, Stone EM, Sheffield VC. Ocular phenotypes of three genetic variants of Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Jan 30; 132A(3):283-7. PMID: 15690372.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Buncic JR, Westall CA, Panton CM, Munn JR, MacKeen LD, Logan WJ. Characteristic retinal atrophy with secondary "inverse" optic atrophy identifies vigabatrin toxicity in children. Ophthalmology. 2004 Oct; 111(10):1935-42. PMID: 15465561.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Jones D, Westall C, Averbeck K, Abdolell M. Visual acuity assessment: a comparison of two tests for measuring children's vision. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2003 Nov; 23(6):541-6. PMID: 14622358.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Fulton AB, Hansen RM, Westall CA. Development of ERG responses: the ISCEV rod, maximal and cone responses in normal subjects. Doc Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov; 107(3):235-41. PMID: 14711155.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Morong S, Westall CA, Nobile R, Buncic JR, Logan WJ, Panton CM, Abdolell M. Longitudinal changes in photopic OPs occurring with vigabatrin treatment. Doc Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov; 107(3):289-97. PMID: 14711161.
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    61. Westall CA, Nobile R, Morong S, Buncic JR, Logan WJ, Panton CM. Changes in the electroretinogram resulting from discontinuation of vigabatrin in children. Doc Ophthalmol. 2003 Nov; 107(3):299-309. PMID: 14711162.
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    62. Till C, Rovet JF, Koren G, Westall CA. Assessment of visual functions following prenatal exposure to organic solvents. Neurotoxicology. 2003 Aug; 24(4-5):725-31. PMID: 12900086.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Salman MS, Blaser S, Buncic JR, Westall CA, Héon E, Becker L. Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1: new leads for an earlier diagnosis. J Child Neurol. 2003 Mar; 18(3):220-5. PMID: 12731647.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Lodha N, Westall CA, Brent M, Abdolell M, Héon E. A modified protocol for the assessment of visual function in patients with retinitis pigmentosa. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003; 533:49-57. PMID: 15180247.
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    65. Héon E, Greenberg A, Kopp KK, Rootman D, Vincent AL, Billingsley G, Priston M, Dorval KM, Chow RL, McInnes RR, Heathcote G, Westall C, Sutphin JE, Semina E, Bremner R, Stone EM. VSX1: a gene for posterior polymorphous dystrophy and keratoconus. Hum Mol Genet. 2002 May 01; 11(9):1029-36. PMID: 11978762.
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    66. Westall CA, Logan WJ, Smith K, Buncic JR, Panton CM, Abdolell M. The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Longitudinal ERG study of children on vigabatrin. Doc Ophthalmol. 2002 Mar; 104(2):133-49. PMID: 11999622.
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    67. Watts P, Westall C, Colpa L, MacKeen L, Abdolell M, Gallie B, Héon E. Visual results in children treated for macular retinoblastoma. Eye (Lond). 2002 Jan; 16(1):75-80. PMID: 11913894.
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    68. Klinger G, Morad Y, Westall CA, Laskin C, Spitzer KA, Koren G, Ito S, Buncic RJ. Ocular toxicity and antenatal exposure to chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine for rheumatic diseases. Lancet. 2001 Sep 08; 358(9284):813-4. PMID: 11564493.
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    69. Till C, Westall CA, Rovet JF, Koren G. Effects of maternal occupational exposure to organic solvents on offspring visual functioning: a prospective controlled study. Teratology. 2001 Sep; 64(3):134-41. PMID: 11514943.
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    70. Westall CA, Dhaliwal HS, Panton CM, Sigesmun D, Levin AV, Nischal KK, Héon E. Values of electroretinogram responses according to axial length. Doc Ophthalmol. 2001 Mar; 102(2):115-30. PMID: 11518455.
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    71. Shute RH, Westall CA. Use of the Mollon-Reffin minimalist color vision test with young children. J AAPOS. 2000 Dec; 4(6):366-72. PMID: 11124673.
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    72. Westall CA, Ainsworth JR, Buncic JR. Which ocular and neurologic conditions cause disparate results in visual acuity scores recorded with visually evoked potential and teller acuity cards? J AAPOS. 2000 Oct; 4(5):295-301. PMID: 11040480.
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    73. Soong F, Levin AV, Westall CA. Comparison of techniques for detecting visually evoked potential asymmetry in albinism. J AAPOS. 2000 Oct; 4(5):302-10. PMID: 11040481.
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    74. Eizenman M, Westall CA, Geer I, Smith K, Chatterjee S, Panton CM, Kraft SP, Skarf B. Electrophysiological evidence of cortical fusion in children with early-onset esotropia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 Feb; 40(2):354-62. PMID: 9950593.
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    75. Westall CA, Eizenman M, Kraft SP, Panton CM, Chatterjee S, Sigesmund D. Cortical binocularity and monocular optokinetic asymmetry in early-onset esotropia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1998 Jul; 39(8):1352-60. PMID: 9660483.
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    76. Westall CA, Panton CM, Levin AV. Time courses for maturation of electroretinogram responses from infancy to adulthood. Doc Ophthalmol. 1998-1999; 96(4):355-79. PMID: 10855811.
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    77. Saunders KJ, Woodhouse JM, Westall CA. The modified frisby stereotest. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1996 Nov-Dec; 33(6):323-7. PMID: 8934416.
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    78. Geer I, Westall CA. A comparison of tests to determine acuity deficits in children with amblyopia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1996 Sep; 16(5):367-74. PMID: 8944181.
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    79. Saunders KJ, Woodhouse JM, Westall CA. Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error. Vision Res. 1995 May; 35(9):1325-8. PMID: 7610593.
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    80. Sigesmund DA, Weleber RG, Pillers DA, Westall CA, Panton CM, Powell BR, Héon E, Murphey WH, Musarella MA, Ray PN. Characterization of the ocular phenotype of Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Ophthalmology. 1994 May; 101(5):856-65. PMID: 8190471.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Pillers DA, Bulman DE, Weleber RG, Sigesmund DA, Musarella MA, Powell BR, Murphey WH, Westall C, Panton C, Becker LE, et al. Dystrophin expression in the human retina is required for normal function as defined by electroretinography. Nat Genet. 1993 May; 4(1):82-6. PMID: 8513332.
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    82. Saunders KJ, Westall CA. Comparison between near retinoscopy and cycloplegic retinoscopy in the refraction of infants and children. Optom Vis Sci. 1992 Aug; 69(8):615-22. PMID: 1513557.
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    83. Westall CA, Shute RH. OKN asymmetries in orthoptic patients: contributing factors and effect of treatment. Behav Brain Res. 1992 Jul 31; 49(1):77-84. PMID: 1388804.
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    84. Westall CA, Woodhouse JM, Saunders K, Evans J, Hughes B. Problems measuring contrast sensitivity in children. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1992 Apr; 12(2):244-8. PMID: 1408182.
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    85. Shute R, Candy R, Westall C, Woodhouse JM. Success rates in testing monocular acuity and stereopsis in infants and young children. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1990 Apr; 10(2):133-6. PMID: 2371058.
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    86. Broadbent H, Westall C. An evaluation of techniques for measuring stereopsis in infants and young children. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1990 Jan; 10(1):3-7. PMID: 2184389.
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    87. Westall CA, Woodhouse JM, Brown VA. OKN asymmetries and binocular function in amblyopia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1989 Jul; 9(3):269-76. PMID: 2622667.
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    88. Westall CA. Binocular vision: its influence on the development of visual and postural reflex eye movements. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1986; 6(2):139-43. PMID: 3489215.
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    89. Westall CA, Schor CM. Adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex in amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1985 Dec; 26(12):1724-30. PMID: 3877707.
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    90. Westall CA, Schor CM. Asymmetries of optokinetic nystagmus in amblyopia: the effect of selected retinal stimulation. Vision Res. 1985; 25(10):1431-8. PMID: 4090277.
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    91. Schor CM, Westall C. Visual and vestibular sources of fixation instability in amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Jun; 25(6):729-38. PMID: 6609906.
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    92. Westall CA, Aslin RN. Fixational eye movements and autokinesis in amblyopes. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1984; 4(4):333-7. PMID: 6504528.
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    93. Schor CM, Narayan V, Westall C. Postnatal development of optokinetic after nystagmus in human infants. Vision Res. 1983; 23(12):1643-7. PMID: 6666066.
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    94. Westall CA. Classical and modern theories for the basis of amblyopia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1982; 2(1):25-36. PMID: 7088553.
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    95. Westall CA. The physiological background to amblyopia treatment by rotating gratings. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1981; 1(3):175-85. PMID: 7342009.
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